Skip to main content

CircuitPython helper library for simulating HID devices.

Project description

Introduction

Documentation Status Discord Build Status

This driver simulates USB HID devices. Currently keyboard and mouse are implemented.

Dependencies

This driver depends on:

Please ensure all dependencies are available on the CircuitPython filesystem. This is easily achieved by downloading the Adafruit library and driver bundle.

Usage Example

The Keyboard class sends keypress reports for a USB keyboard device to the host.

The Keycode class defines USB HID keycodes to send using Keyboard.

import usb_hid
from adafruit_hid.keyboard import Keyboard
from adafruit_hid.keycode import Keycode

# Set up a keyboard device.
kbd = Keyboard(usb_hid.devices)

# Type lowercase 'a'. Presses the 'a' key and releases it.
kbd.send(Keycode.A)

# Type capital 'A'.
kbd.send(Keycode.SHIFT, Keycode.A)

# Type control-x.
kbd.send(Keycode.CONTROL, Keycode.X)

# You can also control press and release actions separately.
kbd.press(Keycode.CONTROL, Keycode.X)
kbd.release_all()

# Press and hold the shifted '1' key to get '!' (exclamation mark).
kbd.press(Keycode.SHIFT, Keycode.ONE)
# Release the ONE key and send another report.
kbd.release(Keycode.ONE)
# Press shifted '2' to get '@'.
kbd.press(Keycode.TWO)
# Release all keys.
kbd.release_all()

The KeyboardLayoutUS sends ASCII characters using keypresses. It assumes the host is set to accept keypresses from a US keyboard.

If the host is expecting a non-US keyboard, the character to key mapping provided by KeyboardLayoutUS will not always be correct. Different keypresses will be needed in some cases. For instance, to type an 'A' on a French keyboard (AZERTY instead of QWERTY), Keycode.Q should be pressed.

Currently this package provides only KeyboardLayoutUS. More KeyboardLayout classes could be added to handle non-US keyboards and the different input methods provided by various operating systems.

import usb_hid
from adafruit_hid.keyboard import Keyboard
from adafruit_hid.keyboard_layout_us import KeyboardLayoutUS

kbd = Keyboard(usb_hid.devices)
layout = KeyboardLayoutUS(kbd)

# Type 'abc' followed by Enter (a newline).
layout.write('abc\n')

# Get the keycodes needed to type a '$'.
# The method will return (Keycode.SHIFT, Keycode.FOUR).
keycodes = layout.keycodes('$')

The Mouse class simulates a three-button mouse with a scroll wheel.

import usb_hid
from adafruit_hid.mouse import Mouse

m = Mouse(usb_hid.devices)

# Click the left mouse button.
m.click(Mouse.LEFT_BUTTON)

# Move the mouse diagonally to the upper left.
m.move(-100, -100, 0)

# Roll the mouse wheel away from the user one unit.
# Amount scrolled depends on the host.
m.move(0, 0, -1)

# Keyword arguments may also be used. Omitted arguments default to 0.
m.move(x=-100, y=-100)
m.move(wheel=-1)

# Move the mouse while holding down the left button. (click-drag).
m.press(Mouse.LEFT_BUTTON)
m.move(x=50, y=20)
m.release_all()       # or m.release(Mouse.LEFT_BUTTON)

The ConsumerControl class emulates consumer control devices such as remote controls, or the multimedia keys on certain keyboards.

New in CircuitPython 3.0.

import usb_hid
from adafruit_hid.consumer_control import ConsumerControl
from adafruit_hid.consumer_control_code import ConsumerControlCode

cc = ConsumerControl(usb_hid.devices)

# Raise volume.
cc.send(ConsumerControlCode.VOLUME_INCREMENT)

# Pause or resume playback.
cc.send(ConsumerControlCode.PLAY_PAUSE)

The Gamepad class emulates a two-joystick gamepad with 16 buttons.

New in CircuitPython 3.0.

import usb_hid
from adafruit_hid.gamepad import Gamepad

gp = Gamepad(usb_hid.devices)

# Click gamepad buttons.
gp.click_buttons(1, 7)

# Move joysticks.
gp.move_joysticks(x=2, y=0, z=-20)

Contributing

Contributions are welcome! Please read our Code of Conduct before contributing to help this project stay welcoming.

Documentation

For information on building library documentation, please check out this guide.

Project details


Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Files for adafruit-circuitpython-hid, version 4.1.6
Filename, size File type Python version Upload date Hashes
Filename, size adafruit-circuitpython-hid-4.1.6.tar.gz (36.6 kB) File type Source Python version None Upload date Hashes View

Supported by

Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Google Google Object Storage and Download Analytics Sentry Sentry Error logging AWS AWS Cloud computing DataDog DataDog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN DigiCert DigiCert EV certificate StatusPage StatusPage Status page