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Indic-Xlit: Transliteration library for Indic Languages. Conversion of text from English to 21 languages of South Asia.

Project description

AI4Bharat Indic-Transliteration

An AI-based transliteration engine for 21 major languages of the Indian subcontinent.

This package provides support for:

  1. Python Library for transliteration from Roman to Native script
  2. HTTP API server that can be hosted for interaction with web applications


This library is based on our research work called Indic-Xlit to build tools that can translit text between Indic languages and colloquially-typed content (in English alphabet). We support both Roman-to-Native back-transliteration (English script to Indic language conversion), as well as Native-to-Roman transliteration (Indic to English alphabet conversion).

An online demo is available here:

Languages Supported

ISO 639 code Language
as Assamese - অসমীয়া
bn Bangla - বাংলা
brx Boro - बड़ो
gu Gujarati - ગુજરાતી
hi Hindi - हिंदी
kn Kannada - ಕನ್ನಡ
ks Kashmiri - كٲشُر
gom Konkani Goan - कोंकणी
mai Maithili - मैथिली
ml Malayalam - മലയാളം
mni Manipuri - ꯃꯤꯇꯩꯂꯣꯟ
mr Marathi - मराठी
ne Nepali - नेपाली
or Oriya - ଓଡ଼ିଆ
pa Panjabi - ਪੰਜਾਬੀ
sa Sanskrit - संस्कृतम्
sd Sindhi - سنڌي
si Sinhala - සිංහල
ta Tamil - தமிழ்
te Telugu - తెలుగు
ur Urdu - اُردُو


Python Library

Import the wrapper for transliteration engine by:

from ai4bharat.transliteration import XlitEngine

Example 1 : Using word Transliteration

e = XlitEngine("hi", beam_width=10, rescore=True)
out = e.translit_word("namasthe", topk=5)
# output: {'hi': ['नमस्ते', 'नमस्थे', 'नामस्थे', 'नमास्थे', 'नमस्थें']}


  • beam_width increases search size, resulting in improved accuracy but increases time/compute. (Default: 4)
  • topk returns only specified number of top results. (Default: 4)
  • rescore returns the reranked suggestions after using a dictionary. (Default: True)


  • By default, XlitEngine will load English-to-Indic model (default: src_script_type="roman")
  • To load Indic-to-English model, use src_script_type="indic"

For example: (also applicable for all other examples below)

e = XlitEngine(src_script_type="indic", beam_width=10, rescore=False)
out = e.translit_word("नमस्ते", lang_code="hi", topk=5)
# output: ['namaste', 'namastey', 'namasthe', 'namastay', 'namste']

Example 2 : word Transliteration without rescoring

e = XlitEngine("hi", beam_width=10, rescore=False)
out = e.translit_word("namasthe", topk=5)
# output: {'hi': ['नमस्थे', 'नामस्थे', 'नमास्थे', 'नमस्थें', 'नमस्ते']}

Example 3 : Using Sentence Transliteration

e = XlitEngine("ta", beam_width=10)
out = e.translit_sentence("vanakkam ulagam")
# output: {'ta': 'வணக்கம் உலகம்'}


  • Only single top most prediction is returned for each word in sentence.

Example 4 : Using Multiple language Transliteration

e = XlitEngine(["ta", "ml"], beam_width=6)
# leave empty or use "all" to load all available languages
# e = XlitEngine("all)

out = e.translit_word("amma", topk=3)
# output: {'ml': ['അമ്മ', 'എമ്മ', 'അമ'], 'ta': ['அம்மா', 'அம்ம', 'அம்மை']}

out = e.translit_sentence("vandhe maatharam")
# output: {'ml': 'വന്ധേ മാതരം', 'ta': 'வந்தே மாதரம்'}

## Specify language name to get only specific language result
out = e.translit_word("amma", lang_code = "ml", topk=5)
# output: ['അമ്മ', 'എമ്മ', 'അമ', 'എഎമ്മ', 'അഎമ്മ']

Example 5 : Transliteration for all available languages

e = XlitEngine(beam_width=10)
out = e.translit_sentence("namaskaar bharat")
# sample output: {'bn': 'নমস্কার ভারত', 'gu': 'નમસ્કાર ભારત', 'hi': 'नमस्कार भारत', 'kn': 'ನಮಸ್ಕಾರ್ ಭಾರತ್', 'ml': 'നമസ്കാർ ഭാരത്', 'pa': 'ਨਮਸਕਾਰ ਭਾਰਤ', 'si': 'නමස්කාර් භාරත්', 'ta': 'நமஸ்கார் பாரத்', 'te': 'నమస్కార్ భారత్', 'ur': 'نمسکار بھارت'}

Web API Server

Running a flask server using a 3-line script:

from ai4bharat.transliteration import xlit_server
app, engine = xlit_server.get_app()'', port=8000)

Then on browser (or) curl, use link as http://{IP-address}:{port}/tl/{lang-id}/{word_in_eng_script}

Example: http://localhost:8000/tl/ta/amma http://localhost:8000/languages

Debugging errors

If you face any of the following errors:

ValueError: numpy.ndarray size changed, may indicate binary incompatibility. Expected 88 from C header, got 80 from PyObject ValueError: Please build (or rebuild) Cython components with python build_ext --inplace.

Run: pip install --upgrade numpy

Release Notes

This package contains applications built around the Transliteration engine. The contents of this package can also be downloaded from our GitHub repo.

All the NN models of Indic-Xlit are released under MIT License.

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