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CSRF protection for aiohttp-server

Project description

aiohttp_csrf

The library provides csrf (xsrf) protection for aiohttp.web.

Breaking Change: New in 0.1.0 is Blake3 hashes are used by default. This means you must pass secret_phrase to aiohttp_csrf.storage.SessionStorage

note: The package aiohttp-csrf-fixed is aiohttp_csrf 0.0.2 + this commit. The maintainer didn't submit a PR so I just saw it by chance. I haven't had time to closely examine it but I think it's just removing the HTTP security error that happens if no CSRF is provided. Why do that? An HTTP error is good because it tells the client what happened and lets you handle it by middleware.

0.1.1: Converted @aiohttp_csrf.csrf_exempt decorator to a co-routine to make it compatible with latest aiohttp.

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Basic usage

The library allows you to implement csrf (xsrf) protection for requests

Basic usage example:

import aiohttp_csrf
from aiohttp import web

FORM_FIELD_NAME = '_csrf_token'
COOKIE_NAME = 'csrf_token'


def make_app():
    csrf_policy = aiohttp_csrf.policy.FormPolicy(FORM_FIELD_NAME)

    csrf_storage = aiohttp_csrf.storage.CookieStorage(COOKIE_NAME)

    app = web.Application()

    aiohttp_csrf.setup(app, policy=csrf_policy, storage=csrf_storage)

    app.middlewares.append(aiohttp_csrf.csrf_middleware)

    async def handler_get_form_with_token(request):
        token = await aiohttp_csrf.generate_token(request)


        body = '''
            <html>
                <head><title>Form with csrf protection</title></head>
                <body>
                    <form method="POST" action="/">
                        <input type="hidden" name="{field_name}" value="{token}" />
                        <input type="text" name="name" />
                        <input type="submit" value="Say hello">
                    </form>
                </body>
            </html>
        '''  # noqa

        body = body.format(field_name=FORM_FIELD_NAME, token=token)

        return web.Response(
            body=body.encode('utf-8'),
            content_type='text/html',
        )

    async def handler_post_check(request):
        post = await request.post()

        body = 'Hello, {name}'.format(name=post['name'])

        return web.Response(
            body=body.encode('utf-8'),
            content_type='text/html',
        )

    app.router.add_route(
        'GET',
        '/',
        handler_get_form_with_token,
    )

    app.router.add_route(
        'POST',
        '/',
        handler_post_check,
    )

    return app


web.run_app(make_app())

Initialize

First of all, you need to initialize aiohttp_csrf in your application:

app = web.Application()

csrf_policy = aiohttp_csrf.policy.FormPolicy(FORM_FIELD_NAME)

csrf_storage = aiohttp_csrf.storage.CookieStorage(COOKIE_NAME)

aiohttp_csrf.setup(app, policy=csrf_policy, storage=csrf_storage)

Middleware and decorators

After initialize you can use @aiohttp_csrf.csrf_protect for handlers, that you want to protect. Or you can initialize aiohttp_csrf.csrf_middleware and do not disturb about using decorator (full middleware example here):

# ...
app.middlewares.append(aiohttp_csrf.csrf_middleware)
# ...

In this case all your handlers will be protected.

Note: we strongly recommend to use aiohttp_csrf.csrf_middleware and @aiohttp_csrf.csrf_exempt instead of manually managing with @aiohttp_csrf.csrf_protect. But if you prefer to use @aiohttp_csrf.csrf_protect, don't forget to use @aiohttp_csrf.csrf_protect for both methods: GET and POST (manual protection example)

If you want to use middleware, but need handlers without protection, you can use @aiohttp_csrf.csrf_exempt. Mark you handler with this decorator and this handler will not check the token:

@aiohttp_csrf.csrf_exempt
async def handler_post_not_check(request):
    ...

Generate token

For generate token you need to call aiohttp_csrf.generate_token in your handler:

@aiohttp_csrf.csrf_protect
async def handler_get(request):
    token = await aiohttp_csrf.generate_token(request)
    ...

Advanced usage

Policies

You can use different policies for check tokens. Library provides 3 types of policy:

  • FormPolicy. This policy will search token in the body of your POST request (Usually use for forms) or as a GET variable of the same name. You need to specify name of field that will be checked.
  • HeaderPolicy. This policy will search token in headers of your POST request (Usually use for AJAX requests). You need to specify name of header that will be checked.
  • FormAndHeaderPolicy. This policy combines behavior of FormPolicy and HeaderPolicy.

You can implement your custom policies if needed. But make sure that your custom policy implements aiohttp_csrf.policy.AbstractPolicy interface.

Storages

You can use different types of storages for storing token. Library provides 2 types of storage:

  • CookieStorage. Your token will be stored in cookie variable. You need to specify cookie name.
  • SessionStorage. Your token will be stored in session. You need to specify session variable name.

Important: If you want to use session storage, you need setup aiohttp_session in your application (session storage example)

You can implement your custom storages if needed. But make sure that your custom storage implements aiohttp_csrf.storage.AbstractStorage interface.

Token generators

You can use different token generator in your application. By default storages using aiohttp_csrf.token_generator.SimpleTokenGenerator

But if you need more secure token generator - you can use aiohttp_csrf.token_generator.HashedTokenGenerator

And you can implement your custom token generators if needed. But make sure that your custom token generator implements aiohttp_csrf.token_generator.AbstractTokenGenerator interface.

Invalid token behavior

By default, if token is invalid, aiohttp_csrf will raise aiohttp.web.HTTPForbidden exception.

You have ability to specify your custom error handler. It can be:

  • callable instance. Input parameter - aiohttp request.
def custom_error_handler(request):
    # do something
    return aiohttp.web.Response(status=403)

# or

async def custom_async_error_handler(request):
    # await do something
    return aiohttp.web.Response(status=403)

It will be called instead of protected handler.

  • sub class of Exception. In this case this Exception will be raised.
class CustomException(Exception):
    pass

You can specify custom error handler globally, when initialize aiohttp_csrf in your application:

...
class CustomException(Exception):
    pass

...
aiohttp_csrf.setup(app, policy=csrf_policy, storage=csrf_storage, error_renderer=CustomException)
...

In this case custom error handler will be applied to all protected handlers.

Or you can specify custom error handler locally, for specific handler:

...
class CustomException(Exception):
    pass

...
@aiohttp_csrf.csrf_protect(error_renderer=CustomException)
def handler_with_custom_csrf_error(request):
    ...

In this case custom error handler will be applied to this handler only. For all other handlers will be applied global error handler.

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