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Alternative pytest plugin to pytest-asyncio

Project description

This plugin allows you to have async pytest fixtures and tests.

This plugin only supports python 3.6 and above.

The code here is influenced by pytest-asyncio but with some differences:

  • Error tracebacks from are from your tests, rather than asyncio internals
  • There is only one loop for all of the tests
  • You can manage the lifecycle of the loop yourself outside of pytest by using this plugin with your own loop
  • No need to explicitly mark your tests as async. (pytest-asyncio requires you mark your async tests because it also supports other event loops like curio and trio)

Like pytest-asyncio it supports async tests, coroutine fixtures and async generator fixtures.

Changelog

0.5.3 - 25 July 2020
  • Make sure a KeyboardInterrupt on running tests still shows errors from failed tests
0.5.2 - 6 February 2020
  • Added ability to make a different event loop for some tests
0.5.1 - 15 December 2019
  • Added an ini option default_alt_async_timeout for the default async timeout for fixtures and tests. The default is now 5 seconds. So say you wanted the default to be 3.5 seconds, you would set default_alt_async_timeout to be 3.5
0.5 - 16 August 2019
  • I made this functionality in a work project where I needed to run pytest.main from an existing event loop. I decided to make this it’s own module so I can have tests for this code.

Running from your own event loop

If you want to run pytest.main from with an existing event loop then you can do something like:

from alt_pytest_asyncio.plugin import AltPytestAsyncioPlugin, run_coro_as_main
import nest_asyncio
import asyncio
import pytest

async def my_tests():
   await do_some_setup_before_pytest()

   plugins = [AltPytestAsyncioPlugin(loop)]

   try:
       code = pytest.main([], plugins=plugins)
   finally:
       # Note that alt_pytest_asyncio will make sure all your async tests
       # have been finalized by this point, even if you KeyboardInterrupt
       # the pytest.main
       await do_any_teardown_after_pytest()

   if code != 0:
      raise Exception(repr(code))

if __name__ == '__main__':
   # Nest asyncio is required so that we can do run_until_complete in an
   # existing event loop - https://github.com/erdewit/nest_asyncio
   loop = asyncio.get_event_loop()
   nest_asyncio.apply(loop)

   run_coro_as_main(loop, my_tests())

Note that if you don’t need to run pytest from an existing event loop, you don’t need to do anything other than have alt_pytest_asyncio installed in your environment and you’ll be able to just use async keywords on your fixtures and tests.

Timeouts

alt_pytest_asyncio registers a pytest.mark.async_timeout(seconds) mark which you can use to set a timeout for your test.

For example:

import pytest

@pytest.mark.async_timeout(10)
async def test_something():
   await something_that_may_take_a_while()

This test will be cancelled after 10 seconds and raise an assertion error saying the test took too long and the file and line number where the test is.

You can also use the async_timeout mark on coroutine fixtures:

import pytest

@pytest.fixture()
@pytest.mark.async_timeout(0.5)
async def my_amazing_fixture():
   await asyncio.sleep(1)
   return 1

And you can have a timeout on generator fixtures:

import pytest

@pytest.fixture()
@pytest.mark.async_timeout(0.5)
async def my_amazing_fixture():
   try:
      await asyncio.sleep(1)
      yield 1
   finally:
      await asyncio.sleep(1)

Note that for generator fixtures, the timeout is applied in whole to both the setup and finalization of the fixture. As in the real timeout for the entire fixture is essentially double the single timeout specified.

The default timeout is 5 seconds. You can change this default by setting the default_alt_async_timeout option to the number of seconds you want.

Overriding the loop

Sometimes it may be necessary to close the current loop in a test. For this to not then break the rest of your tests, you will need to set a new event loop for your test and then restore the old loop afterwards.

For this, we have a context manager that will install a new asyncio loop and then restore the original loop on exit.

Usage looks like:

from alt_pytest_asyncio.plugin import OverrideLoop

class TestThing:
    @pytest.fixture(autouse=True)
    def custom_loop(self):
        with OverrideLoop() as custom_loop:
            yield custom_loop

    def test_thing(self, custom_loop):
        custom_loop.run_until_complete(my_thing())

By putting the loop into an autouse fixture, all fixtures used by the test will have the custom loop. If you want to include module level fixtures too then use the OverrideLoop in a module level fixture too.

OverrideLoop takes in a new_loop boolean that will make it so no new loop is set and asyncio is left with no default loop.

The new loop itself (or None if new_loop is False) can be found in the loop attribute of the object yielded by the context manager.

The run_until_complete on the custom_loop in the above example will do a run_until_complete on the new loop, but in a way that means you won’t get unhandled exception during shutdown errors when the context manager closes the new loop.

When the context manager exits and closes the new loop, it will first cancel all tasks to ensure finally blocks are run.

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