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Altwalker is an open source, Model-Based Testing framework. Write your tests in Python or C# and use GraphWalker to generate a path through your model.

Project description

AltWalker

AltWalker is an open source, Model-Based Testing framework. Write your tests in Python or C# and use GraphWalker to generate a path through your model.

Read the documentation on https://altom.gitlab.io/altwalker/altwalker.

Table of Contents

Overview

AltWalker is an open source, Model-Based testing framework for automating your test execution. You design your tests as a directed graph and AltWalker executes them. It relies on GraphWalker to generate paths through your graph.

Model-Based Testing

Model-Based Testing is a testing technique which offers a way of generating test cases based on models that describe the behaviour (functionality) of the system under test.

The goal when designing models is to represent the part of the system under test, usually by one model for each functionality of your system.

With the help of graph theory we can dynamically generate multiple test scripts. A test script is a path passing through the model from a starting point till a condition is met.

Why use Model-Based Testing:

  • the abstraction layer added by the model gives your tests a better structure
  • the model can be updated to reflect the requirements changes making the tests easy to maintain
  • dynamically generates multiple test scripts based on different conditions (like coverage or length)
  • allows for a large number of tests to be created which results in a larger part of the system under test to be covered.

AltWalker

AltWalker is a test execution tool, which aims to make it easy to write and run your model-based tests. AltWalker uses GraphWalker to generate a path through the models.

For the test structure it uses an Object-Oriented approach inspired by python's unittest module. Every model is mapped to a class with the same name and each vertex and edge from the model is mapped to a method inside the class.

AltWalker also borrows the concept of test fixture from unit tests, and implements the following fixtures: setUpRun, tearDownRun, setUpModel and tearDownModel.

Now it supports running tests written in .NET/C# and Python3.

AltWalker Components

AltWalker has the following components:

  • Model: a directed graph, supplied by the user as a json or graphml file. A graph is composed from a list of vertices and a list of edges.

  • Generator and Stop Condition: used to specify how to generate a path and to decide when a path is complete.

  • Test Code: the implementation of the model(s) as code. Each model is mapped to a class and each vertex and edge is mapped to a method.

  • Planner: uses the model(s) and a pair of generator and stop condition to provide a path (a sequence of steps) through the model(s).

    Currently AltWalker provides two planners:

    • Online Planner
    • Offline Planner
  • Reporter: reports the output of the tests, the reporter is called on each event (e.g. step_start, step_end, ...).

  • Executor: for each step in the plan it looks up and calls the named method from the test code. In addition to the step methods, it also calls fixture methods if present (e.g. setUpModel, tearDownModel ...).

    Currently AltWalker provides three executors:

    • Python Executor
    • .NET Executor

    And an Http Executor that allows you to hook up your own executor via HTTP. You can read more about the Http Executor on the How to: Write your own executor page.

  • Walker: the test runner. Coordinates the execution of a test asking the Planner for the next step, executing the step using the Executor and reporting the progress using the Reporter.

There are two ways to run your tests:

  • Online Mode (using the Online Planner): Generate one step and then execute the step, until the path is complete.

  • Offline Mode (using the Offline Planner): Run a path from a sequence of steps. Usually the path is generated using the offline command.

Installation

Prerequisites:

Install GraphWalker

  • MacOS/Linux:
$ wget https://github.com/GraphWalker/graphwalker-project/releases/download/4.0.1/graphwalker-cli-4.0.1.jar && \
  mkdir -p ~/graphwalker && \
  mv graphwalker-cli-4.0.1.jar ~/graphwalker/ && \
  echo -e '#!/bin/bash\njava -jar ~/graphwalker/graphwalker-cli-4.0.1.jar "$@"' > ~/graphwalker/graphwalker-cli.sh && \
  chmod +x ~/graphwalker/graphwalker-cli.sh && \
  ln -s ~/graphwalker/graphwalker-cli.sh /usr/local/bin/gw
  • Windows:
$ setx PATH "%PATH%;C:\graphwalker" & :: Adds graphwalker to current user PATH
  cd C:\
  mkdir graphwalker
  cd graphwalker
  powershell -Command "[Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol = 'tls12'; Invoke-WebRequest -Uri 'https://github.com/GraphWalker/graphwalker-project/releases/download/4.0.1/graphwalker-cli-4.0.1.jar' -outfile 'graphwalker-cli-4.0.1.jar'" & :: Downloads graphwalker using powershell command Invoke-Request
  @echo off
  @echo @echo off> gw.bat
  @echo java -jar C:\graphwalker\graphwalker-cli-4.0.1.jar %*>> gw.bat
  @echo on

After running the command check that you correctly installed GraphWalker by running:

$ gw --version

Install AltWalker

Use the following command to install AltWalker:

$ pip3 install altwalker

AltWalker is now installed. Check that you correctly installed AltWalker by running:

$ altwalker --version

Living on the edge

If you want to work with the latest code before it’s released, install or update the code from the develop branch:

$ pip3 install -U git+https://gitlab.com/altom/altwalker/altwalker

For a more detailed tutorial read the Installation section from the documentation.

Quickstart

Make a sample project and run the tests.

$ altwalker init test-project -l python
$ cd test-project
$ altwalker online tests -m models/default.json "random(vertex_coverage(100))"
Running:
[2019-08-06 16:28:44.030077] ModelName.vertex_A Running
[2019-08-06 16:28:44.030940] ModelName.vertex_A Status: PASSED

[2019-08-06 16:28:44.048492] ModelName.edge_A Running
[2019-08-06 16:28:44.048729] ModelName.edge_A Status: PASSED

[2019-08-06 16:28:44.064495] ModelName.vertex_B Running
[2019-08-06 16:28:44.064746] ModelName.vertex_B Status: PASSED

Statistics:

  Model Coverage..................100%
  Number of Models...................1
  Completed Models...................1
  Failed Models......................0
  Incomplete Models..................0
  Not Executed Models................0

  Edge Coverage...................100%
  Number of Edges....................1
  Visited Edges......................1
  Unvisited Edges....................0

  Vertex Coverage.................100%
  Number of Vertices.................2
  Visited Vertices...................2
  Unvisited Vertices.................0

Status:  PASS

Setting Up a Development Environment

Clone the repository:

$ git clone https://gitlab.com/altom/altwalker/altwalker/
$ cd altwalker

Install python dependencies:

$ pip3 install -r requirements.txt && \
  pip3 install -r requirements-dev.txt

Running Tests

$ pytest tests -s -v

Running tests with tox inside docker

$ docker run  -it --rm -v "$(pwd):/altwalker" -w "/altwalker" robert96/graphwalker-cli:tox tox

CLI

After you install the python dependencies to setup AltWalker CLI locally from code run:

$ pip3 install --editable .

Then from any command line you can access:

$ altwalker --help

Documentation

After you install the python dependencies to generate the documentation run:

$ cd docs && \
  make clean && \
  make html

To see the documentation run:

$ open _build/html/index.html

Further Reading/Useful Links:

Support

Join our Gitter chat room here to chat with us or with other members of the community.

License

AltWalker is licensed under the GNU General Public License v3.0.

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