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Community Discovery algorithm

Project description


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Community discovery in complex networks is an interesting problem with a number of applications, especially in the knowledge extraction task in social and information networks. However, many large networks often lack a particular community organization at a global level. In these cases, traditional graph partitioning algorithms fail to let the latent knowledge embedded in modular structure emerge, because they impose a top-down global view of a network. We propose here a simple local-first approach to community discovery, namely Angel, able to unveil the modular organization of real complex networks. This is achieved by democratically letting each node vote for the communities it sees surrounding it in its limited view of the global system, i.e. its ego neighborhood, using a label propagation algorithm; finally, the local communities are merged into a global collection.

Moreover, we provide also an evolution of Angel, namely ArchAngel, designed to extract community from evolving network topologies.

Note: Angel has been integrated within CDlib a python package dedicated to community detection algorithms, check it out!


You can easily install the updated version of Angel (and Archangel) by using pip:

pip install angel-cd

or using conda

conda install -c giuliorossetti angel-cd

Implementation details

Required input format(s)

Angel: .ncol edgelist (nodes represented with integer ids).

node_id0    node_id1

ArchAngel: Extended .ncol edgelist (nodes represented with integer ids).

node_id0    node_id1	snapshot_id


Angel is written in python and requires the following package to run:

  • python 3.x
  • python-igraph
  • networkx
  • tqdm


import angel as a
an = a.Angel(filename, threshold=0.4, min_comsize=3, outfile_name="angel_communities.txt")


  • filename: edgelist filename
  • threshold: merging threshold in [0,1]
  • min_com_size: minimum size for communities
  • out_filename: desired filename for the output

or alternatively

import angel as a
an = a.Angel(graph=g, threshold=0.4, min_com_size=3, out_filename="communities.txt")


  • g: an igraph.Graph object


import angel as a
aa = a.ArchAngel(filename, threshold=0.4, match_threshold=0.4, min_com_size=3, outfile_path="./")


  • filename: edgelist filename
  • threshold: merging threshold in [0,1]
  • match_threshold: cross-time community matching threshold in [0, 1]
  • min_com_size: minimum size for communities
  • outfile_path: path for algorithm output files

Project details

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