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Declarative CLIs with argparse and dataclasses

Project description

Declarative CLIs with argparse and dataclasses.

https://travis-ci.org/mivade/argparse_dataclass.svg?branch=master PyPI

Features

Features marked with a ✓ are currently implemented; features marked with a ⊘ are not yet implemented.

  • [✓] Positional arguments
  • [✓] Boolean flags
  • [✓] Integer, string, float, and other simple types as arguments
  • [✓] Default values
  • [✓] Arguments with a finite set of choices
  • [⊘] Subcommands
  • [⊘] Mutually exclusive groups

Examples

Using dataclass decorator

>>> from argparse_dataclass import dataclass
>>> @dataclass
... class Options:
...     x: int = 42
...     y: bool = False
...
>>> print(Options.parse_args(['--y']))
Options(x=42, y=True)

A simple parser with flags:

>>> from dataclasses import dataclass
>>> from argparse_dataclass import ArgumentParser
>>> @dataclass
... class Options:
...     verbose: bool
...     other_flag: bool
...
>>> parser = ArgumentParser(Options)
>>> print(parser.parse_args([]))
Options(verbose=False, other_flag=False)
>>> print(parser.parse_args(["--verbose", "--other-flag"]))
Options(verbose=True, other_flag=True)

Using defaults:

>>> from dataclasses import dataclass, field
>>> from argparse_dataclass import ArgumentParser
>>> @dataclass
... class Options:
...     x: int = 1
...     y: int = field(default=2)
...     z: float = field(default_factory=lambda: 3.14)
...
>>> parser = ArgumentParser(Options)
>>> print(parser.parse_args([]))
Options(x=1, y=2, z=3.14)

Enabling choices for an option:

>>> from dataclasses import dataclass, field
>>> from argparse_dataclass import ArgumentParser
>>> @dataclass
... class Options:
...     small_integer: int = field(metadata=dict(choices=[1, 2, 3]))
...
>>> parser = ArgumentParser(Options)
>>> print(parser.parse_args(["--small-integer", "3"]))
Options(small_integer=3)

Using different flag names and positional arguments:

>>> from dataclasses import dataclass, field
>>> from argparse_dataclass import ArgumentParser
>>> @dataclass
... class Options:
...     x: int = field(metadata=dict(args=["-x", "--long-name"]))
...     positional: str = field(metadata=dict(args=["positional"]))
...
>>> parser = ArgumentParser(Options)
>>> print(parser.parse_args(["-x", "0", "positional"]))
Options(x=0, positional='positional')
>>> print(parser.parse_args(["--long-name", 0, "positional"]))
Options(x=0, positional='positional')

Using a custom type converter:

>>> from dataclasses import dataclass, field
>>> from argparse_dataclass import ArgumentParser
>>> @dataclass
... class Options:
...     name: str = field(metadata=dict(type=str.title))
...
>>> parser = ArgumentParser(Options)
>>> print(parser.parse_args(["--name", "john doe"]))
Options(name='John Doe')

License

MIT License

Copyright (c) 2021 Michael V. DePalatis and contributors

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the “Software”), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED “AS IS”, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

Project details


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