ASGI specs, helper code, and adapters
ASGI base libraries, including:
- Sync-to-async and async-to-sync function wrappers, asgiref.sync
- Server base classes, asgiref.server
- WSGI-to-ASGI adapter, in asgiref.wsgi
These allow you to wrap or decorate async or sync functions to call them from the other style (so you can call async functions from a synchronous thread, or vice-versa).
- AsyncToSync lets a synchronous subthread stop and wait while the async function is called on the main thread’s event loop, and then control is returned to the thread when the async function is finished.
- SyncToAsync lets async code call a synchronous function, which is run in a threadpool and control returned to the async coroutine when the synchronous function completes.
The idea is to make it easier to call synchronous APIs from async code and asynchronous APIs from synchronous code so it’s easier to transition code from one style to the other. In the case of Channels, we wrap the (synchronous) Django view system with SyncToAsync to allow it to run inside the (asynchronous) ASGI server.
Server base classes
Includes a StatelessServer class which provides all the hard work of writing a stateless server (as in, does not handle direct incoming sockets but instead consumes external streams or sockets to work out what is happening).
An example of such a server would be a chatbot server that connects out to a central chat server and provides a “connection scope” per user chatting to it. There’s only one actual connection, but the server has to separate things into several scopes for easier writing of the code.
You can see an example of this being used in frequensgi.
Allows you to wrap a WSGI application so it appears as a valid ASGI application.
Simply wrap it around your WSGI application like so:
asgi_application = WsgiToAsgi(wsgi_application)
The WSGI application will be run in a synchronous threadpool, and the wrapped ASGI application will be one that accepts http class messages.
Please note that not all extended features of WSGI may be supported (such as file handles for incoming POST bodies).
asgiref requires Python 3.5 or higher.
Please refer to the main Channels contributing docs.
To run tests, make sure you have installed the tests extra with the package:
cd asgiref/ pip install -e .[tests] pytest
Maintenance and Security
To report security issues, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org. For GPG signatures and more security process information, see https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/dev/internals/security/.
To report bugs or request new features, please open a new GitHub issue.
This repository is part of the Channels project. For the shepherd and maintenance team, please see the main Channels readme.
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