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A library for parsing and manipulating Advanced SubStation Alpha subtitle files.

Project description


A library for parsing and manipulating Advanced SubStation Alpha subtitle files.


Example file: tests/test.ass

You can parse the file:

>>> import ass
>>> with open("tests/test.ass", encoding='utf_8_sig') as f:
...     doc = ass.parse(f)

Access its meta info:

ScriptInfoSection('Script Info', OrderedDict([('ScriptType', 'v4.00+'), ('PlayResX', 500), ('PlayResY', 500)]))

Access its styles:

>>> doc.styles
StylesSection('V4+ Styles', [Style(name='Default', fontname='Arial', fontsize=20.0, primary_color=Color(r=0xff, g=0xff, b=0xff, a=0x00), secondary_color=Color(r=0xff, g=0x00, b=0x00, a=0x00), outline_color=Color(r=0x00, g=0x00, b=0x00, a=0x00), back_color=Color(r=0x00, g=0x00, b=0x00, a=0x00), bold=False, italic=False, underline=False, strike_out=False, scale_x=100.0, scale_y=100.0, spacing=0.0, angle=0.0, border_style=1, outline=1.0, shadow=2.0, alignment=5, margin_l=10, margin_r=10, margin_v=10, encoding=1)])
>>> doc.styles[0].fontname
>>> doc.styles[0].primary_color  # "color", not "colour"
Color(r=0xff, g=0xff, b=0xff, a=0x00)

Access its event lines:

EventsSection('Events', [Dialogue(layer=0, start=datetime.timedelta(0), end=datetime.timedelta(seconds=5), style='Default', name='', margin_l=0, margin_r=0, margin_v=0, effect='', text='{\\3c&H0000FF}this is a test\\N{\\3c&H00FF00}this is a test\\N{\\3c&HFF0000}this is a test'), ...])
'{\\3c&H0000FF}this is a test\\N{\\3c&H00FF00}this is a test\\N{\\3c&HFF0000}this is a test'

Or any other section data:

>>> list(doc.sections.keys())
['Script Info', 'Aegisub Project Garbage', 'Custom Section', 'V4+ Styles', 'Events', 'Aegisub Extradata']
>>> doc.sections['Aegisub Project Garbage']['Scroll Position']

You can dump everything out into ASS format, too:

'0,0:00:00.00,0:00:05.00,Default,,0,0,0,,{\\3c&H0000FF}this is a test\\N{\\3c&H00FF00}this is a test\\N{\\3c&HFF0000}this is a test'

Or maybe the whole file:

>>> with open("out.ass", "w", encoding='utf_8_sig') as f:
...     doc.dump_file(f)


For parsing ASS tags, you may want to consider ass-tag-parser: (on GitHub).


The following has been unmaintained for years.

python-ass can use libass for rendering.

First you need to allocate a libass context:

>>> ctx = ass.renderer.Context()

Then you need to convert the ass.document.Document to a ass.renderer.Track:

>>> t = ctx.make_track()
>>> t.populate(doc)

Then make a renderer to render the track:

>>> r = ctx.make_renderer()
>>> r.set_fonts(fontconfig_config="/usr/local/etc/fonts/fonts.conf")
>>> r.set_all_sizes((1280, 720))

You can render a frame at a given time:

>>> imgs = r.render_frame(t, timedelta(0))

Example using PIL to render to a bitmap:

>>> im_out ="RGB", (1280, 720))
>>> im_data = im_out.load()
>>> for img in imgs:
...     r, g, b, a = img.rgba
...     for y in range(img.h):
...         for x in range(img.w):
...             a_src = img[x, y] * (256 - a) // 256
...             r_dst, g_dst, b_dst = im_data[x + img.dst_x, y + img.dst_y]
...             r_out = ((r * a_src) + (r_dst * (256 - a_src))) // 256
...             g_out = ((g * a_src) + (g_dst * (256 - a_src))) // 256
...             b_out = ((b * a_src) + (b_dst * (256 - a_src))) // 256
...             im_data[x + img.dst_x, y + img.dst_y] = (r_out, g_out, b_out)

Sample Rendering (from

Test rendering

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