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A REPL interface for interacting with WAMP routers

Project description

A REPL environment for working with WAMP routers in an interactive fashion built using the Autobahn-Python library.

Installation

pip install autobahn-python-repl

APR requires Python 3.6 to run. If you are not using Python 3.6 in your WAMP project then it is recommend you create a Python 3.6 virtual environment and install the REPL there.

Usage

Starting the REPL

  1. Run the autobahn_python_repl script installed by this package
  2. Run python -m opendna.autobahn.repl.repl

Connections

Once the REPL has started you will be presented with a standard PtPython prompt and environment. In order to begin connecting to a WAMP router enter:

>>> my_connection = connect_to(uri='ws://HOST:PORT', realm='MY_REALM')
Generating connection to MY_REALM@ws://HOST:PORT with name g9jZlZeh

You will see that connect_to generated an internal name for the connection. You can access the connection via this internal name by entering:

>>> connections.g9jZlZeh
<opendna.autobahn.repl.connections.Connection object at 0x6fc2901ab0f0>

It is also possible to provide a custom internal name for the connection when you call connect_to as follows:

>>> connect_to(uri='ws://HOST:PORT', realm='MY_REALM', name='my_connection')
Generating connection to MY_REALM@ws://HOST:PORT with name my_connection

You can now access the connection by entering:

>>> connections.my_connection
<opendna.autobahn.repl.connections.Connection object at 0x2ac690dab0f0>
>>> connections['my_connection']
<opendna.autobahn.repl.connections.Connection object at 0x2ac690dab0f0>

Note that the Connection object is not actually a concrete connection to the WAMP router, it is merely a storage container for connection related details that is used to create Session objects which represent actual connections to the WAMP router.

connect_to accepts the follows arguments:

  • uri: Required. A WAMP router URI string
  • realm: Optional. A WAMP realm string
  • extra: Optional. A dictionary of data to be supplied to the WAMP ApplicationSession.``__init__`` method. Not useful unless you are working with a custom ApplicationSessions class. See Extending for more details on this.
  • serializer: Optional. A list of WAMP serializers to use. Serializers must implement autobahn.wamp.interfaces.ISerializer
  • ssl: Optional. Boolean or ssl.SSLContenxt instance. Can usually be ignored unless you are planning to connect use TLS authentication for a Session
  • proxy: Optional. A dictionary providing details for a proxy server. Must have host and port keys
  • name: Optional. A name for the connection

Sessions

Once you have a Connection instance you can use it to create a Session instance, opening a WAMP session in the process:

>>> my_session = my_connection.session()
Generating anonymous session to MY_REALM@ws://HOST:PORT with name bKP5ajz0

You can access this session via its auto-generated name like so:

>>> my_connection.sessions.bKP5ajz0
<opendna.autobahn.repl.sessions.Session object at 0x14c2b01a40fd>
>>> my_connection.sessions['bKP5ajz0']
<opendna.autobahn.repl.sessions.Session object at 0x14c2b01a40fd>

session also accepts a name parameter that you can use to avoid using an auto-generated name.

By default calling session will open a WAMP-Anonymous session with the router.

It is also possible to specify the authentication method or methods that will be used:

>>> ticket_session = my_connection.session('ticket', authid='your_authid', ticket='YOUR_AUTHENTICATION_TICKET')
Generating ticket session to MY_REALM@ws://HOST:PORT with name SOME_NAME
>>> mixed_session = my_connection.session(['ticket', 'anonymous'], authid='your_authid', ticket='YOUR_AUTHENTICATION_TICKET')
Generating ['ticket', 'anonymous'] session to MY_REALM@ws://HOST:PORT with name SOME_OTHER_NAME

ticket_session will use WAMP-Ticket authentication only while mixed_session will try WAMP-Ticket first before falling back to WAMP-Anonymous.

While WAMP provides a number a authentication methods, only four of are handled at the session level (as opposed to the transport level). Calling the session method with a specific authentication method may imply the use of certain additional parameters. These are detailed below:

  • WAMP-Anonymous: No parameters required. Note that authid will be ignored if it is supplied
  • WAMP-Ticket: authid and ticket parameters required
  • WAMP-CRA: authid and secret parameters required
  • WAMP-Cryptosign: authid and key parameters required. key needs to be an instance of autobahn.wamp.cryptosign.SigningKey

The Connection.session method accepts the following arguments:

  • authmethods: Optional. String or list of strings. Valid authentication method strings are: anonymous, ticket, wampcra, cryptosign, cookie and tls
  • authid: String. Optional for WAMP-Anonymous authentication, required for all other methods
  • authrole: String. Optional. Requested role
  • authextra: Dictionary. Optional. Data to be passed along to the authenticator. Useful for providing additional data to a dynamic authenticator
  • resumable: Boolean. Optional. Should the session be resumed later if it disconnects
  • resume_session: Integer. Optional. ID of Session to resume
  • resume_token: String. Optional. Token for resuming session specified by resume_session

Calls and Invocations

In order to perform WAMP RPC calls you need to create a Call instance. This is done using a Session instance:

>>> my_call = my_session.call('endpoint_uri')
Generating a call to endpoint endpoint_uri with name i9BcEagW

You can access this call by it’s autogenerated name like so:

>>> my_session.calls.i9BcEagW
<opendna.autobahn.repl.rpc.Call object at 0xa452bd1a6f2>
>>> my_session.calls['i9BcEagW']
<opendna.autobahn.repl.rpc.Call object at 0xa452bd1a6f2>

call also accepts a custom name parameter to bypass the use of an autogenerated name. Furthermore, the call method accepts any keyword-arguments you can supply to the autobahn.wamp.types.CallOptions constructor.

A Call instance is itself callable and can be invoked in order to produce an Invocation instance. Creating an Invocation initiates the process of sending the WAMP RPC call using the Session instance associated with the Call instance that is the parent of the Invocation:

>>> my_invocation = my_call(True, False, parm3=None, parm4={'something': 'or other'})
Invoking endpoint_uri with name Wax3JdBx
Invocation of endpoint_uri with name Wax3JdBx starting
Invocation of endpoint_uri with name Wax3JdBx succeeded

Depending on how long it takes for the remote end-point to execute, the message indicating success or failure may not appear immediately. You will note that the Invocation also receives a auto-generated name which can be used to access it from the Call instance like so:

>>> my_call.invocations.Wax3JdBx
<opendna.autobahn.repl.rpc.Invocation object at 0xd456bc1aef5>
>>> my_call.invocations['Wax3JdBx']
<opendna.autobahn.repl.rpc.Invocation object at 0xd456bc1aef5>

The Invocation instance exposes three important properties that can be used to access the results of the WAMP Call:

  • result will contain the result of the WAMP Call if it succeeded or None if it failed or hasn’t completed yet
  • exception will contain the result of the WAMP Call if it failed or None if it succeeded or hasn’t completed yet
  • progress is a list which is used to store progressive results if the target WAMP end-point emits them. See https://crossbar.io/docs/Progressive-Call-Results/ for more details on this

Finally, an Invocation instance is itself callable. Calling an Invocation will produce a new Invocation instance attached to the parent Call of the called Invocation. The behaviour of the arguments and keyword arguments when calling an Invocation is quite specific and affects the creation of the new Invocation as follows:

  • Positional arguments will replace the corresponding positional arguments from the parent Invocation in the new Invocation unless the positional argument is a reference to the singleton object opendna.autobahn.repl.utils.Keep To illustrate this consider the following input scenario:

    >>>  my_call = my_session.call('some_endpoint')
    >>>  invocation1 = my_call(1,2,3)
    >>>  invocation2 = invocation1(3, Keep, 1)
    >>>  invocation3 = my_call(3,2,1)
    

    In this scenario invocation2 and invocation3 are identical

  • If the number of positional arguments supplied is less than was supplied to the parent Invocation then the missing positional arguments will be substituted in from the parent Invocation as if Keep had been used in their positions

  • If the number of position arguments supplied is greater than was supplied to the parent Invocation then the additional positional arguments will be ignored

  • Any keyword arguments will replace the corresponding keyword arguments from the parent Invocation:

    >>> my_call = my_session.call('some_endpoint')
    >>> invocation1 = my_call(x=True, y=False)
    >>> invocation2 = invocation1(y=True)
    >>> invocation3 = my_call(x=True, y=True)
    

    In this scenario invocation2 and invocation3 are identical

Registrations

In order to handle calls to WAMP RPC end-points you need to create a Registration instance:

>>> my_registration = my_session.register('endpoint_uri')
Generating registration for endpoint_uri with name Rx3mmt2e
Registration of endpoint_uri with name Rx3mmt2e starting
Registration of endpoint_uri with name Rx3mmt2e succeeded

You can access this registration by it’s autogenerated name like so:

>>> my_session.registrations.Rx3mmt2e
<opendna.autobahn.repl.rpc.Registration object at 0x7fc89015b0f0>
>>> my_session.registrations['Rx3mmt2e']
<opendna.autobahn.repl.rpc.Registration object at 0x7fc89015b0f0>

You can also provide a a custom name parameter to bypass the use of an autogenerated name. Furthermore, the register method accepts any keyword-arguments you can supply to the autobahn.wamp.types.RegisterOptions constructor.

Once a registration has succeeded it is available for calling as described in the Calls and Invocations section. By default the Registration class provides a default handler for incoming calls which records the input parameters along with the date and time of the call using a a Registration..Hit instance. This Hit is a namedtuple providing three attributes: timestamp, args and kwargs. When the registration is the target of a call the console will output text like:

End-point endpoint_uri named Rx3mmt2e hit at 2017-12-01 22:04:10.030438. Hit named jqD8TxFp stored

Hits stored on a registration can be accessed using either the auto-generated name or via a numeric index (hits are stored in the order they are received):

>>> my_registration.hits[0]
Hit(timestamp=datetime.datetime(2017, 12, 1, 22, 4, 10, 30438), args=(1, 2, 3, False, True, {}), kwargs={'x': None})
>>> my_registration.hits.jqD8TxFp
Hit(timestamp=datetime.datetime(2017, 12, 1, 22, 4, 10, 30438), args=(1, 2, 3, False, True, {}), kwargs={'x': None})

When creating a Registration it is also possible to specify a custom handler which is used in addition to the default handler for incoming calls. This custom handler may be either a standard function or an async function and is called after the hit is stored by the Registration instance. Additionally, the result of the custom handler will be returned to the caller (the default handler will return None in the event that no custom handler is supplied):

>>> import asyncio
>>> async def test(*args, **kwargs):
        await asyncio.sleep(5)
        print(args, kwargs)
        return True
>>> my_registration = my_session.register('endpoint_uri', test)
Generating registration for endpoint_uri with name Rx3mmt2e
Registration of endpoint_uri with name Rx3mmt2e starting
Registration of endpoint_uri with name Rx3mmt2e succeeded
>>> invocation = my_session.call('endpoint_uri')(1,2,3,False,True,{},x=None)
Generating call to endpoint_uri with name shejtoeU
Invoking endpoint_uri with name dgSHC77i
Invocation of endpoint_uri with name dgSHC77i starting
End-point endpoint_uri named Rx3mmt2e hit at 2017-12-01 22:04:10.030438. Hit named jqD8TxFp stored
(1, 2, 3, False, True, {}) {'x': None}
Invocation of endpoint_uri with name dgSHC77i succeeded
>>> invocation.result
True

It is also possible to deregister an existing registration:

>>> my_registration.deregister()
Deregistration of endpoint_uri with name Rx3mmt2e starting
Deregistration of endpoint_uri with name Rx3mmt2e succeeded

Publishers and Publications

In order to emit WAMP PubSub events you need to create a Publisher instance:

>>> my_publisher = my_session.publish('topic_uri')
Generating publisher for topic_uri with name YunLGYwr

You can access this publisher by it’s autogenerated name like so:

>>> my_session.publishers.YunLGYwr
<opendna.autobahn.repl.pubsub.Publisher object at 0x7fe1ec20a160>
>>> my_session.publishers['YunLGYwr']
<opendna.autobahn.repl.pubsub.Publisher object at 0x7fe1ec20a160>

You can also provide a a custom name parameter to bypass the use of an autogenerated name. Furthermore, the publish method accepts any keyword-arguments you can supply to the autobahn.wamp.types.PublishOptions constructor.

A Publisher instance is itself callable and can be invoked in order to produce an Publication instance. Creating a Publication initiates the process of sending the WAMP PubSub event using the Session instance associated with the Publisher instance that is the parent of the Publication:

>>> my_publication = my_publisher(a=True, b=False)
Publication to topic_uri with name CHrYRIn8 starting
Publication to topic_uri with name CHrYRIn8 succeeded

You will note that the Publication also receives a auto-generated name which can be used to access it from the parent Publisher instance like so:

>>> my_publisher.publications.CHrYRIn8
<opendna.autobahn.repl.pubsub.Publication object at 0x7fe1f496a5c0>
>>> my_publisher.publications['CHrYRIn8']
<opendna.autobahn.repl.pubsub.Publication object at 0x7fe1f496a5c0>

The Publication instance exposes two important properties that can be used to access the results of the WAMP PubSub event emission:

  • result will contain the result of the WAMP PubSub event emission if the acknowledge boolean parameter supplied to the publish was set to True. In all other instances it will contain None
  • exception will contain the exception result of the WAMP PubSub event emission if it failed or None if no failure was detected

Finally, a Publication instance is itself callable. Calling a Publication will produce a new Publication instance attached to the parent Publisher of the called Publication. The behaviour of the arguments and keyword arguments when calling a Publication is quite specific and affects the creation of the new Publication as follows:

  • Positional arguments will replace the corresponding positional arguments from the parent Publication in the new Publication unless the positional argument is a reference to the singleton object opendna.autobahn.repl.utils.Keep To illustrate this consider the following input scenario:

    >>>  my_publisher = my_session.publish('some_topic')
    >>>  publication1 = my_publisher(1,2,3)
    >>>  publication2 = publication1(3, Keep, 1)
    >>>  publication3 = my_publisher(3,2,1)
    

    In this scenario publication2 and publication3 are identical

  • If the number of positional arguments supplied is less than was supplied to the parent Publication then the missing positional arguments will be substituted in from the parent Publication as if Keep had been used in their positions

  • If the number of position arguments supplied is greater than was supplied to the parent Publication then the additional positional arguments will be ignored

  • Any keyword arguments will replace the corresponding keyword arguments from the parent Publication:

    >>> my_publisher = my_session.publish('some_topic')
    >>> publication1 = my_publisher(x=True, y=False)
    >>> publication2 = publication1(y=True)
    >>> publication3 = my_publisher(x=True, y=True)
    

    In this scenario publication2 and publication3 are identical

Subscriptions

In order to subscribe to WAMP PubSub topics you need to create a Subscription instance:

>>> my_subscription = my_session.subscribe('topic_uri')
Generating subscription for topic_uri with name bIMq6XcO
Subscription to topic_uri with name bIMq6XcO starting
Subscription to topic_uri with name bIMq6XcO succeeded

You can access this subscription by it’s autogenerated name like so:

>>> my_session.subscriptions.bIMq6XcO
<opendna.autobahn.repl.pubsub.Subscription object at 0x7fe1f5f9aef0>
>>> my_session.subscriptions['bIMq6XcO']
<opendna.autobahn.repl.pubsub.Subscription object at 0x7fe1f5f9aef0>

You can also provide a a custom name parameter to bypass the use of an autogenerated name. Furthermore, the subscribe method accepts any keyword-arguments you can supply to the autobahn.wamp.types.SubscribeOptions constructor.

Once a subscription has succeeded it will be notified of WAMP PubSub events emitted as described in the Publishers and Publications section. Note, however, that by default a subscription to a topic will only receive events emitted by other sessions. The exclude_me parameter for the Publisher must be set to True if you wish to test publication and subscription to a given topic within a single Session.

The Subscription class provides a default handler for incoming events which records the input parameters along with the date and time of the call using a Subscription.Hit instance. This Event is a namedtuple providing three attributes: timestamp, args and kwargs. When the subscription receives an event the console will output text like:

Event named s3X0Sbhc received at 2017-12-03 21:59:55.437068 on topic topic_uri named bIMq6XcO

Events stored on a subscription can be accessed using either the auto-generated name or via a numeric index (hits are stored in the order they are received):

>>> my_subscription.events[0]
Event(timestamp=datetime.datetime(2017, 12, 1, 22, 4, 10, 30438), args=(1, 2, 3, False, True, {}), kwargs={'x': None})
>>> my_subscription.events.jqD8TxFp
Event(timestamp=datetime.datetime(2017, 12, 1, 22, 4, 10, 30438), args=(1, 2, 3, False, True, {}), kwargs={'x': None})

When creating a Subscription it is also possible to specify a custom handler which is used in addition to the default handler for incoming events. This custom handler may be either a standard function or an async function and is called after the event is stored by the Subscription instance:

>>> async def test(*args, **kwargs):
        print(args, kwargs)
>>> my_subscription = my_session.subscribe('topic_uri', test)
Generating subscription for topic_uri with name bIMq6XcO
Subscription to topic_uri with name bIMq6XcO starting
Subscription to topic_uri with name bIMq6XcO succeeded
>>> publication = my_session.publish('topic_uri', exclude_me=False)(1,2,3,False,True,{},x=None)
Generating publisher for topic_uri with name VVjZjvF5
Publication to topic_uri with name sjfuAGSm starting
Publication to topic_uri with name sjfuAGSm succeeded
Event named ZbbzBrxJ received at 2017-12-03 22:18:10.383218 on topic topic_uri named bIMq6XcO
(1, 2, 3, False, True, {}) {'x': None}
>>> my_subscription.events.ZbbzBrxJ
Event(timestamp=datetime.datetime(2017, 12, 3, 22, 18, 10, 383218), args=(1, 2, 3, False, True, {}), kwargs={'x': None})

It is also possible to unsubscribe from a topic:

>>> my_subscription.unsubscribe()
Unsubscription from topic_uri with name bIMq6XcO starting
Unsubscription from topic_uri with name bIMq6XcO succeeded

Extending

TBD

PtPython config module

TBD

REPL class substitution

TBD

REPL API

TBD

Roadmap

  • Improved UI with custom panes/tabs/views for examining Calls, Invocations, Publishers, Publications, Registrations and Subscriptions
  • deregister/Unsubscribe should clean up the Registration/Subscription instance
  • Support usage in other REPLs
  • You tell me!

Credits

  • Autobahn-Python for providing the secret WAMP sauce
  • PtPython for providing the secret REPL sauce
  • Jedi for providing PtPython with the secret code completion sauce
  • PromptToolkit for providing PtPython with the prompt secret sauce

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