Exports/synchronizes a Mercurial repo to Git
Using hg-fast-export is quite simple for a Mercurial repository :
mkdir repo-git # or whatever cd repo-git git init hg-fast-export.sh -r <repo>
Please note that hg-fast-export does not automatically check out the newly imported repository. You probably want to follow up the import with a git checkout-command.
Incremental imports to track hg repos is supported, too.
Using hg-reset it is quite simple within a Git repository that is hg-fast-export‘ed from Mercurial:
hg-reset.sh -R <revision>
will give hints on which branches need adjustment for starting over again.
When a Mercurial repository does not use UTF-8 for encoding author strings and commit messages the -e <encoding> command line option can be used to force fast-export to convert incoming meta data from to UTF-8. This encoding option is also applied to file names.
In some locales Mercurial uses different encodings for commit messages and file names. In that case, you can use --fe <encoding> command line option which overrides the -e option for file names.
As Mercurial appears to be much less picky about the syntax of the author information than Git, an author mapping file can be given to hg-fast-export to fix up malformed author strings. The file is specified using the -A option. The file should contain lines of the form FromAuthor=ToAuthor. The example authors.map below will translate User <garbage<firstname.lastname@example.org> to User <email@example.com>.
-- Start of authors.map -- User <garbage<firstname.lastname@example.org>=User <email@example.com> -- End of authors.map --
Tag and Branch Naming
As Git and Mercurial have differ in what is a valid branch and tag name the -B and -T options allow a mapping file to be specified to rename branches and tags (respectively). The syntax of the mapping file is the same as for the author mapping.
hg-fast-export supports multiple branches but only named branches with exactly one head each. Otherwise commits to the tip of these heads within the branch will get flattened into merge commits.
As each git-fast-import run creates a new pack file, it may be required to repack the repository quite often for incremental imports (especially when importing a small number of changesets per incremental import).
The way the Hg API and remote access protocol is designed it is not possible to use hg-fast-export on remote repositories (HTTP/SSH). First clone the repository, then convert it.
Mercurial doesn’t support Python 3 and probably won’t for a while.
hg-fast-export.py was designed in a way that doesn’t require a 2-pass mechanism or any prior repository analysis: if just feeds what it finds into git-fast-import. This also implies that it heavily relies on strictly linear ordering of changesets from Hg, i.e. its append-only storage model so that changesets hg-fast-export already saw never get modified.
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