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The CDK Construct Library for AWS::DynamoDB

Project description

Amazon DynamoDB Construct Library

---

cfn-resources: Stable

cdk-constructs: Stable


Here is a minimal deployable DynamoDB table definition:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
import aws_cdk.aws_dynamodb as dynamodb

table = dynamodb.Table(self, "Table",
    partition_key=Attribute(name="id", type=dynamodb.AttributeType.STRING)
)

Importing existing tables

To import an existing table into your CDK application, use the Table.fromTableName, Table.fromTableArn or Table.fromTableAttributes factory method. This method accepts table name or table ARN which describes the properties of an already existing table:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
table = Table.from_table_arn(self, "ImportedTable", "arn:aws:dynamodb:us-east-1:111111111:table/my-table")
# now you can just call methods on the table
table.grant_read_write_data(user)

If you intend to use the tableStreamArn (including indirectly, for example by creating an @aws-cdk/aws-lambda-event-source.DynamoEventSource on the imported table), you must use the Table.fromTableAttributes method and the tableStreamArn property must be populated.

Keys

When a table is defined, you must define it's schema using the partitionKey (required) and sortKey (optional) properties.

Billing Mode

DynamoDB supports two billing modes:

  • PROVISIONED - the default mode where the table and global secondary indexes have configured read and write capacity.
  • PAY_PER_REQUEST - on-demand pricing and scaling. You only pay for what you use and there is no read and write capacity for the table or its global secondary indexes.
# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
import aws_cdk.aws_dynamodb as dynamodb

table = dynamodb.Table(self, "Table",
    partition_key=Attribute(name="id", type=dynamodb.AttributeType.STRING),
    billing_mode=dynamodb.BillingMode.PAY_PER_REQUEST
)

Further reading: https://docs.aws.amazon.com/amazondynamodb/latest/developerguide/HowItWorks.ReadWriteCapacityMode.

Configure AutoScaling for your table

You can have DynamoDB automatically raise and lower the read and write capacities of your table by setting up autoscaling. You can use this to either keep your tables at a desired utilization level, or by scaling up and down at pre-configured times of the day:

Auto-scaling is only relevant for tables with the billing mode, PROVISIONED.

# Example automatically generated. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
read_scaling = table.auto_scale_read_capacity(min_capacity=1, max_capacity=50)

read_scaling.scale_on_utilization(
    target_utilization_percent=50
)

read_scaling.scale_on_schedule("ScaleUpInTheMorning",
    schedule=appscaling.Schedule.cron(hour="8", minute="0"),
    min_capacity=20
)

read_scaling.scale_on_schedule("ScaleDownAtNight",
    schedule=appscaling.Schedule.cron(hour="20", minute="0"),
    max_capacity=20
)

Further reading: https://docs.aws.amazon.com/amazondynamodb/latest/developerguide/AutoScaling.html https://aws.amazon.com/blogs/database/how-to-use-aws-cloudformation-to-configure-auto-scaling-for-amazon-dynamodb-tables-and-indexes/

Amazon DynamoDB Global Tables

You can create DynamoDB Global Tables by setting the replicationRegions property on a Table:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
import aws_cdk.aws_dynamodb as dynamodb

global_table = dynamodb.Table(self, "Table",
    partition_key=Attribute(name="id", type=dynamodb.AttributeType.STRING),
    replication_regions=["us-east-1", "us-east-2", "us-west-2"]
)

When doing so, a CloudFormation Custom Resource will be added to the stack in order to create the replica tables in the selected regions.

The default billing mode for Global Tables is PAY_PER_REQUEST. If you want to use PROVISIONED, you have to make sure write auto-scaling is enabled for that Table:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
global_table = dynamodb.Table(self, "Table",
    partition_key={"name": "id", "type": dynamodb.AttributeType.STRING},
    replication_regions=["us-east-1", "us-east-2", "us-west-2"],
    billing_mode=BillingMode.PROVISIONED
)

global_table.auto_scale_write_capacity(
    min_capacity=1,
    max_capacity=10
).scale_on_utilization(target_utilization_percent=75)

When adding a replica region for a large table, you might want to increase the timeout for the replication operation:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
global_table = dynamodb.Table(self, "Table",
    partition_key={"name": "id", "type": dynamodb.AttributeType.STRING},
    replication_regions=["us-east-1", "us-east-2", "us-west-2"],
    replication_timeout=Duration.hours(2)
)

Encryption

All user data stored in Amazon DynamoDB is fully encrypted at rest. When creating a new table, you can choose to encrypt using the following customer master keys (CMK) to encrypt your table:

  • AWS owned CMK - By default, all tables are encrypted under an AWS owned customer master key (CMK) in the DynamoDB service account (no additional charges apply).
  • AWS managed CMK - AWS KMS keys (one per region) are created in your account, managed, and used on your behalf by AWS DynamoDB (AWS KMS charges apply).
  • Customer managed CMK - You have full control over the KMS key used to encrypt the DynamoDB Table (AWS KMS charges apply).

Creating a Table encrypted with a customer managed CMK:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
import aws_cdk.aws_dynamodb as dynamodb

table = dynamodb.Table(stack, "MyTable",
    partition_key=Attribute(name="id", type=dynamodb.AttributeType.STRING),
    encryption=TableEncryption.CUSTOMER_MANAGED
)

# You can access the CMK that was added to the stack on your behalf by the Table construct via:
table_encryption_key = table.encryption_key

You can also supply your own key:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
import aws_cdk.aws_dynamodb as dynamodb
import aws_cdk.aws_kms as kms

encryption_key = kms.Key(stack, "Key",
    enable_key_rotation=True
)
table = dynamodb.Table(stack, "MyTable",
    partition_key=Attribute(name="id", type=dynamodb.AttributeType.STRING),
    encryption=TableEncryption.CUSTOMER_MANAGED,
    encryption_key=encryption_key
)

In order to use the AWS managed CMK instead, change the code to:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
import aws_cdk.aws_dynamodb as dynamodb

table = dynamodb.Table(stack, "MyTable",
    partition_key=Attribute(name="id", type=dynamodb.AttributeType.STRING),
    encryption=TableEncryption.AWS_MANAGED
)

Get schema of table or secondary indexes

To get the partition key and sort key of the table or indexes you have configured:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
{ partitionKey, sortKey } = table.schema()

# In case you want to get schema details for any secondary index

{ partitionKey, sortKey } = table.schema(INDEX_NAME)

Kinesis Stream

A Kinesis Data Stream can be configured on the DynamoDB table to capture item-level changes.

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
import aws_cdk.aws_dynamodb as dynamodb
import aws_cdk.aws_kinesis as kinesis

stream = kinesis.Stream(self, "Stream")

table = dynamodb.Table(self, "Table",
    partition_key=Attribute(name="id", type=dynamodb.AttributeType.STRING),
    kinesis_stream=stream
)

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