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Python driver for BigchainDB

Project description

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BigchainDB Python Driver

  • Free software: Apache Software License 2.0
  • Check our Documentation


  • Support for preparing, fulfilling, and sending transactions to a BigchainDB node.
  • Retrieval of transactions by id.


The instructions below were tested on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS. They should also work on other Linux distributions and on macOS. The driver might work on Windows as well, but we do not guarantee it. We recommend to set up (e.g. via Docker on Windows) an Ubuntu VM there.

We recommend you use a virtual environment to install and update to the latest stable version using pip (or pip3):

pip install -U bigchaindb-driver

That will install the latest stable BigchainDB Python Driver. If you want to install an Alpha, Beta or RC version of the Python Driver, use something like:

pip install -U bigchaindb_driver==0.5.0a4

The above command will install version 0.5.0a4 (Alpha 4). You can find a list of all versions in the release history page on PyPI.

More information on how to install the driver can be found in the Quickstart


Example: Create a divisible asset for Alice who issues 10 token to Bob so that he can use her Game Boy. Afterwards Bob spends 3 of these tokens.

If you want to send a transaction you need to Determine the BigchainDB Root URL.

# import BigchainDB and create an object
from bigchaindb_driver import BigchainDB
bdb_root_url = ''
bdb = BigchainDB(bdb_root_url)

# generate a keypair
from bigchaindb_driver.crypto import generate_keypair
alice, bob = generate_keypair(), generate_keypair()

# create a digital asset for Alice
game_boy_token = {
    'data': {
        'token_for': {
            'game_boy': {
                'serial_number': 'LR35902'
        'description': 'Time share token. Each token equals one hour of usage.',

# prepare the transaction with the digital asset and issue 10 tokens for Bob
prepared_token_tx = bdb.transactions.prepare(
    recipients=[([bob.public_key], 10)],

# fulfill and send the transaction
fulfilled_token_tx = bdb.transactions.fulfill(

# Use the tokens
# create the output and inout for the transaction
transfer_asset = {'id': fulfilled_token_tx['id']}
output_index = 0
output = fulfilled_token_tx['outputs'][output_index]
transfer_input = {'fulfillment': output['condition']['details'],
                  'fulfills': {'output_index': output_index,
                               'transaction_id': transfer_asset['id']},
                  'owners_before': output['public_keys']}

# prepare the transaction and use 3 tokens
prepared_transfer_tx = bdb.transactions.prepare(
    recipients=[([alice.public_key], 3), ([bob.public_key], 7)])

# fulfill and send the transaction
fulfilled_transfer_tx = bdb.transactions.fulfill(
sent_transfer_tx = bdb.transactions.send_commit(fulfilled_transfer_tx)

Compatibility Matrix

BigchainDB Server BigchainDB Driver
>= 2.0.0b7 0.6.2
>= 2.0.0b7 0.6.1
>= 2.0.0b7 0.6.0
>= 2.0.0b5 0.5.3
>= 2.0.0b5 0.5.2
>= 2.0.0b5 0.5.1
>= 2.0.0b1 0.5.0
>= 2.0.0a3 0.5.0a4
>= 2.0.0a2 0.5.0a2
>= 2.0.0a1 0.5.0a1
>= 1.0.0 0.4.x
== 1.0.0rc1 0.3.x
>= 0.9.1 0.2.x
>= 0.8.2 >= 0.1.3

Although we do our best to keep the master branches in sync, there may be occasional delays.



This package was initially created using Cookiecutter and the audreyr/cookiecutter-pypackage project template. Many BigchainDB developers have contributed since then.


0.6.2 (2018-11-03)


  • In, changed python-rapidjson==0.6.0 to ~=0.6.0, and changed requests>=2.11.0 to >=2.20.0

0.6.1 (2018-10-21)


  • Fixed the problem with a docs page (Handcrafting Transactions) that wouldn’t build.

0.6.0 (2018-10-20)


  • Added support for deterministic keypair generation from a 32-byte seed. See pull request #487 by external contributor @excerebrose
  • Pinned cryptoconditions==0.8.0 in


  • The send() function was removed. See pull request #483.

Known issues

  • Builds of the Handcrafting Transactions page started failing again, in Travis CI and on ReadTheDocs.

0.5.3 (2018-09-12)


  • Fixed a failing unit test
  • Pinned cryptoconditions==0.7.2 in
  • Fixed the Handcrafting Transactions page in the docs

0.5.2 (2018-08-31)


  • Cap exponential backoff depending on timeout value for reasonable waiting time in event of network recovery. #470 <>
  • Update cryptoconditions dependency because of security vulnerability CVE-2018-10903. #472 <>

0.5.1 (2018-08-23)


  • Support for BigchainDB server v2.0.0.b5.
  • added round-robin strategy to connect to nodes of the BigchainDB network BEP 14

0.5.0 (2018-06-14)


  • Added three new methods to send/post a transaction as discussed here:

    • send_commit
    • send_async
    • send_sync


  • send() under TransactionEndpoint, and available via BigchainDB.transactions. Replaced by the above three methods: send_commit(), send_async(), and send_sync().

0.5.0a1 (2018-04-03)

There were many changes between BigchainDB 1.3 and BigchainDB 2.0 Alpha, too many to list here. We wrote a series of blog posts to summarize most changes, especially those that affect end users and application developers:

0.4.1 (2017-08-02)


0.4.0 (2017-07-05)


  • Support for BigchainDB server (HTTP API) 1.0.0.

0.3.0 (2017-06-23)


  • Support for BigchainDB server (HTTP API) 1.0.0rc1.
  • Support for crypto-conditions RFC draft version 02.
  • Added support for text search endpoint /assets?search=

0.2.0 (2017-02-06)


  • Support for BigchainDB server 0.9.
  • Methods for GET / and GET /api/v1


  • Node URLs, passed to BigchainDB() MUST not include the api prefix '/api/v1', e.g.:

    • BEFORE: http://localhost:9984/api/v1
    • NOW: http://localhost:9984

0.1.0 (2016-11-29)


  • Support for BigchainDB server 0.8.0.
  • Support for divisible assets.


  • create() and transfer() under TransactionEndpoint, and available via BigchainDB.transactions. Replaced by the three “canonical” transaction operations: prepare(), fulfill(), and send().
  • Support for client side timestamps.

0.0.3 (2016-11-25)


  • Support for “canonical” transaction operations:

    • prepare
    • fulfill
    • send


  • create() and transfer() under TransactionEndpoint, and available via BigchainDB.transactions. Replaced by the above three “canonical” transaction operations: prepare(), fulfill(), and send().


  • BigchainDB() default node setting on its transport class. See commit 0a80206

0.0.2 (2016-10-28)


  • Support for BigchainDB server 0.7.0

0.0.1dev1 (2016-08-25)

  • Development (pre-alpha) release on PyPI.


  • Minimal support for POST (via create() and transfer()), and GET operations on the /transactions endpoint.

0.0.1a1 (2016-08-12)

  • Planning release on PyPI.

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