Python AMQP RPC module
Callme provides an easy way to do RPC over AMQP (Callme is the successor of QAM <http://packages.python.org/qam>).
- Easy to use;
- Uses AMQP as transport protocol;
- Support timeouts;
- SSL support;
- Supports remote exceptions;
- OpenSource BSD-licensed;
- Designed to support broker-side permission system.
Getting started with callme
A simple RPC Server which provides an add method:
import callme def add(a, b): return a + b server = callme.Server(server_id='fooserver', amqp_host='localhost') server.register_function(add, 'add') server.start()
and a client which uses fooserver to add 1 + 1 and finally prints the result:
import callme proxy = callme.Proxy(amqp_host='localhost') print proxy.use_server('fooserver').add(1, 1)
There are optional parameters to fit different needs which are explained in depth in the Server and Proxy Documentation.
Examples are provided in the examples directory in the package.
The Proxy is not thread-safe, you must instantiate one Proxy per thread.
The Server is also not thread-safe as well. Instantiate one Server per thread.
Even if the Server is not thread-safe itself, it has the capability to use multi-threading. For each RPC Call a worker thread is started which significantly improves the call speed if multiple clients are calling the server simultaneously. To activate multi-threading on the server pass threading=True to the Server class.
It is possible to control the access to a RPC Server by the Broker. We use RabbitMQ as example because this is the broker we used for testing and development. To get the highest security out of the permission system it is recommended using separate vhost only for callme communication (if you have other amqp messages on your system on the same broker).
For a more in depth explanation why these permissions look how they are see Exchange Design.
Limit Server Permissions
To limit one server to only accept RPC Calls to its server_id and send result back to clients we use these permissions. Assumption the RPC server has its own user called carl on the rabbitmq broker.
rabbitmqctl set_permissions carl "server_fooserver_.*" "server_fooserver_.*|client_.*_ex_.*" "server_fooserver_.*"
Limit Client (Proxy) Permissions
To limit the Proxy to the server with the server_id fooserver (no other server can then be reached with this user) we use these permissions. Assumption the RPC proxy has its own user called olivia on the rabbitmq broker.
rabbitmqctl set_permissions olivia "client_olivia_.*" "client_olivia_.*|server_fooserver_ex" "client_olivia_.*"
To give the client access to another RPC server with server_id barserver we set the following permissions:
rabbitmqctl set_permissions olivia "client_olivia_.*" "client_olivia_.*|server_fooserver_ex|server_barserver_ex" "client_olivia_.*"
To give the client access to all RPC servers set the permission as follows:
rabbitmqctl set_permissions olivia "client_olivia_.*" "client_olivia_.*|server_.*_ex" "client_olivia_.*"
Callme uses kombu for communication between Proxy and Server. Callme transfers instances of the RpcResponse and RpcRequest to execute remote procedure calls (RPC). The instances of these classes are pickled by kombu and then transferred to the server or proxy.
Every Proxy creates a Exchange and a Queue bound to the Exchange which has the form client_<amqp_user>_ex_<uid> and client_<amqp_user>_queue_<uid>. <uid> is generated on creation of the Proxy. All Queues and Exchanges are auto-deleted and non-durable.
Client Exchange and Queue are declared and bound by the client and server Exchange and Queue are declared and bound by the server.
The Exchange and Queue Design:
Time | ------------------------------ | ---------------------------- | Proxy | v | Server | | User: olivia | | User: carl | | ------------ | | ---------- | | | | | | --- RPC Call--------------------------> server_fooserver_ex | | | | (Exchange) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | v | | | | | | | | server_fooserver_queue | | | | (Queue) | | | | | | | | | / | | client_olivia_ex_<uid> <----- RPC Result -------------- | | (Exchange) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | v | | | | client_olivia_queue_<uid> | | | | (Queue) | | | |____________________________| |__________________________|
At the moment there are two loggers present with the names callme.proxy and callme.server. Both are mostly used for debugging at the moment.
If you find any issues please report them on https://github.com/ceelian/callme/issues.
You can get the python package on the Python Package Index.
The git repository is available at github.com callme.
callme can be installed via the Python Package Index or from source.
Using easy_install to install callme:
$ easy_install callme
Using pip to install callme:
$ pip install callme
If you have downloaded a source tarball you can install it as follows:
$ python setup.py build $ python setup.py install
Wingware - The Python IDE (http://wingware.com).
We are welcome everyone who wants to contribute to callme. Development of callme happens at https://github.com/ceelian/callme.
Contributors (chronological order)
Callme is released under the BSD License. The full license text is in the root folder of the callme Package.