trac command-line tools
cartman allows you to create and manage your Trac tickets from the command-line, without the need to setup physical access to the Trac installation/database or even the need to install a plugin on Trac. All you need is a Trac account.
Create a new ticket, that will open your $EDITOR:
$ cm new
View the content of a ticket:
$ cm view 1514
At a minimum you need to create a ~/.cartman/config file with the following:
[trac] base_url = http://your.trac.install/ username = tamentis password = sitnemat
The password can also be specified through a TRAC_PASSWORD environment variable, which overrides the above password field.
Each section represent a site which can be selected using the -s command-line argument. Within each section, the following settings are available:
- base_url - required, defines the URL of your Trac system
- auth_type - forces an authentication type, currently available: basic (default), digest, acctmgr or none.
- username - required if auth_type is not none
- password - required if auth_type is not none
- verify_ssl_cert - ignore self-signed or invalid SSL certificates if set to false.
- editor - override the editor defined the $EDITOR environment variable.
Command walk through
Report Listing and Search
Dump a list of tickets on screen, without details:
$ cm report 1 #142. fix world hunger (bjanin@) #159. ignore unpaid rent (bjanin@)
Another way to find ticket is using the search command:
$ cm search dead mouse #154. mickey
Show all the properties of a ticket:
$ cm view 1
List of Reports
Get a list of all the available reports with:
$ cm reports
This will dump on screen all the Milestones, Components, Versions:
$ cm properties
Creating a ticket
Creating a ticket will work similarly to writing a new email in mutt, it loads your current $EDITOR and lets you edit the details of the ticket. Assuming all the parameters are correct, it will create the ticket as soon as you save and exit and return the ticket number. If your ticket does not appear valid (missing required field, inexistent Milestone, etc.) cartman will stop and lists each error and let you return to your editor:
$ cm new -- opens your editor -- Found the following errors: - Invalid 'Subject': cannot be blank - Invalid 'Milestone': expected: Bug Bucket, Release 2, Release 3 -- Hit Enter to return to editor, ^C to abort --
The first parameter to cm is the owner of the ticket, it populates the To field by default:
$ cm new jcarmack
If your Trac has custom fields, you can use their identifier in the headers, e.g.:
story_id: 5123 iteration: 15
If you specify a template with -t, cartman will look for a matching file in the ~/.cartman/templates folder and will use it as a base for your ticket:
$ cm new -t sysadmin
You can define a default template in this same directory in order to set the template used by default (without -t).
View/Set the status of a ticket
View the current status of a ticket, and the available statuses:
$ cm status 1
Set a ticket as accepted:
$ cm status 1 accept
If you need to add a comment with this status change, you can use the -c flag, it will open your default editor:
$ cm status 1 reopen -c
You may also use the -m flag to define the comment in-line, without the use of an editor:
$ cm status 1 reopen -m "does not work with x = y"
If you are using vim as your default editor, you also might want to add email-like syntax highlighting to match the .cm.ticket extension:
autocmd BufNewFile *.cm.ticket setf mail
If you use multiple Trac sites, you can have multiple configurations in the same file using the section to separate the sites, here is an example:
[other] base_url = http://other.trac.site/ username = tamentis password = sitnemat verify_ssl_cert = False
You would pass the -s parameter to cm to define which site to access:
cm -s other report 1
You may define all common configuration settings in the [DEFAULT] section.
Using cartman without editor
You may need to integrate cartman with other software where opening an editor does not make sense. In that case you can automatically create tickets from a file using the --message-file option:
cm new --message-file=secerror.txt
This file would need to contain a complete ticket, if anything is missing, cartman will exit with an error message.
Quick and dirty if you are not familiar with Python packaging:
sudo python setup.py install
- Python 2.7+, 3.3+ (not 3.2, not 2.6)
- python-requests 1.2 and above
- Tested on Trac 0.12.5 and 1.2.x
- Probably still works on 0.11, but untested.
The following command will create one virtualenv and sandbox for each latest 0.12, 1.0 and 1.2 releases of Trac:
You can then serve one or the other using, the default admin user/pass is sandbox/sandbox:
$ ./tools/serve-0.12.sh $ ./tools/serve-1.0.sh $ ./tools/serve-1.2.sh
Follow PEP-8, existing style then the following notes.
For dictionaries, lists: keep commas after each items, closing bracket should close on the same column as the first letter of the statement with the opening bracket.
Use double-quotes for strings unless it makes it easier on certain strings (avoids escaped double-quotes).
If an error is exceptional, let the exception rise.
Change the version in cartman/__init__.py
Create a tag:
git tag -a vX.Y.Z -m 'Releasing vX.Y.Z' git push --tags
Download the file from github (release section),
gpg --armor --detach-sig cartman-X.Y.Z.tar.gz
Distribute on Pypi:
python setup.py sdist upload
- add new auth_type: acctmgr
- add new auth_type: none (for sites accepting anonymous tickets/comments)
- bump compatibility to 1.2.x
- remove warnings if you decided not to verify your SSL cert.
- use SafeConfigParser to allow variables interpolation (thanks to Sandro Santilli @strk)
- allow password to be provided by environment (thanks to Antoine Beaupré @anarcat)
- add a configuration item to define the editor (by Nicolas Schodet <email@example.com>).
- fix the parsing of properties when one of them contains a semi-colon (thanks to Josh Strange <firstname.lastname@example.org>).
- fix property lookup (including option groups for milestone lookup on 1.0).
- add timeline command (thanks to Sandro Santilli @strk)
- allow to pass a fully formed message from the command line with –message-file
- added search command.
- crash properly and early when trac return error 500.
- crash with a descriptive message when you lack permission to create a ticket.
- don’t die if the base_url has a trailing slash.
- test the existence of base_url instead of stack tracing.
- create the ~/.cartman/ directory by default.
- die with an error message if you don’t have an $EDITOR env var.
- fix fetching current ticket status on v1.0+
- added the default template,
- allow an owner to be specified, even with a template,
- added v1.0 compatibility,
- show Priority in cm properties,
- fixed a bug lower-casing the properties after tokenized fuzzy match.
- fixed bug in view if the ticket contains unicode.
- cm help now prints a list of commands (by email@example.com),
- add auth_type to the config (by firstname.lastname@example.org),
- basic debianization (by Ryan P. Kelly <email@example.com>),
- added template support (in ~/.cartman/templates),
- document how to hack on this thing,
- move the configuration in a sub-directory,
- added option to skip SSL cert validation,
- added support for Trac 0.12,
- match single tokens during fuzzy find,
- python 3.3 support,
- transmit ticket body with CRLF end of lines.
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