ccc-gistemp is a reimplementation of GISTEMP in Python for clarity. GISTEMP is a reconstruction of the global historical temperature record from land and sea surface temperature records. It produces a familiar graph of historical temperatures
Nick Barnes, Climate Code Foundation
David Jones, Climate Code Foundation
$Date: 2011-06-01 16:08:26 -0400 (Wed, 01 Jun 2011) $
4. Input Data
7. Regression Testing
B. Document history
C. Copyright and license
This is release 0.6.1 of the Clear Climate Code GISTEMP project
Clear Climate Code have reimplemented GISTEMP (the GISS surface
temperature analysis system), to make it clearer. Work continues
towards making it more clear and more accessible.
ccc-gistemp release 0.6.1 is a release of ccc-gistemp version 0.6.
The purpose of version 0.6 is to make ccc-gistemp more useful by:
- allowing more flexible choices of input data. For example: GHCN v3;
USHCN only; ocean only.
- allowing a land mask to be used in the step where land and ocean
data are combined.
- making use on NumPy array.
- adding a setup.py
In addition there are various bug fixes and improvements to clarity.
Changes since earlier releases are described in more detail in
URLs for further information:
http://clearclimatecode.org/ Clear Climate Code website and blog.
http://ccc-gistemp.googlecode.com/ ccc-gistemp code repository.
You need Python and a machine that can run it, and a network
connection; there are no explicit operating system or CPU architecture
dependencies so "any" operating system or CPU should be okay.
Python comes in several versions. We recommend Python 2.6 or Python
2.7, but ccc-gistemp should work on any version of Python from the
2.x branch (since 2.4). It will not work with Python 3.x (which
python.org calls "shiny new thing"). Support for Python 2.4 (and
to some extent 2.5) remains fragile, and it has caused some problems
in the past.
The code should run on OS X, FreeBSD, Windows, and probably a variety of
other Unix-like operating systems.
A network connection is required to download the input files (which
need only be done once), and to display an optional graph from the
results. If you use a proxy to access the internet then Python requires
that the "http_proxy" environment variable is set. The proxy will need
to handle both HTTP and FTP requests (this seems to cause some trouble,
see "INPUT DATA" below for downloading data by hand).
Python may already be installed on your machine (for example, it comes
pre-installed on OS X), it may be possible to install it using your
operating system's package manager; for Windows you can download an
installer from http://www.python.org/download/ . We recommend you use a
stable production release from the Python 2.x series (Python 3.x will
4. INPUT DATA
ccc-gistemp uses input data in the subdirectory input/. This
input data includes large files (a few megabytes to a few dozen
megabytes) of temperature records from GHCN, USHCN, and sea surface
data, and small files of additional temperature records and station
tables from GISS. ccc-gistemp includes code (tool/preflight.py)
to fetch this data from the originating organisations over the
internet. It will not download a file if it is already present in
the input/ directory, so if you wish to run ccc-gistemp with updated
input data, you can delete the input/ directory before you start.
Downloading the input data is a common causes of problems. Maintaining
the part of the code that does this (which has nothing to do with the
core GISTEMP algorithm) is a significant cost. If the tools
we provide do not seem to download the input data correctly, you can
download the data "by hand" and install it in the input/ directory. See
doc/input.txt for more details.
To run ccc-gistemp:
That command runs steps 0 through 5. To run only a single step or a shorter
sequence of steps, use the -s argument. For instance:
python tool/run.py -s 3 # Runs just step 3
python tool/run.py -s 0-3,5 # Runs steps 0,1,2,3,5 (omitting 4)
We use this directory structure:
ccc-gistemp-x.x.x/code/ Source code for the GISTEMP algorithm only
/config/ Configuration files
/doc/ Internal developer documentation
/input/ Input data files
/log/ Log files
/tool/ Tools - sources other than the GISTEMP algorithm
/work/ Intermediate data files
/result/ Final result files
Running the code should write to the input/ directory when fetching
input data, but subsequently only write to the work/ log/ and result/
directories. Before running tool/run.py, these directories can all be
deleted (if you wish, for example, to have a clean run).
In 2011 a complete run takes about 35 minutes on an Amazon EC2 "High-CPU
Medium Instance" which is a bit faster than the sorts of not-very-impressive
machines that the developers use. If you want this to go much
faster we recommend that you run using PyPy (an alternate implementation
of Python http://codespeak.net/pypy/dist/pypy/doc/ ). See this note
from Paul Ollis:
After running run.py, the GISTEMP result files are all in the result/
directory. A simple graphical chart is made using the Google Chart
API; this file:
contains the URL of a chart showing the global annual mean surface
If you have the results of two separate runs in two different
directories, old-result/ and new-result/ , then an HTML report comparing
the two can be generated with this command:
python tool/compare_results.py --labela=old --labela=new old-result new-result
This will produce a file called index.html in the current directory,
including various statistical comparisons of the two result files.
7. REGRESSION TESTING
To test ccc-gistemp against GISTEMP:
This will fetch a tarball from
and uncompress it to a local directory ccc-gistemp-test-2009-12-28/.
This contains input files and result data kindly provided to the
ccc-gistemp project by Dr Reto Ruedy of NASA GISS, from an actual run
of GISTEMP at GISS on 2009-12-28. Once the tarball is fetched and
unpacked, the local ccc-gistemp code will be run on it and the results
compared, generating a report in index.html.
Note that there are indeed some changes between the results of the
reference run and 0.4.1 (and subsequent versions), mainly caused
by a change to the GISTEMP algorithm, for rural/urban station
distinction, made at GISS since the reference run. We have replicated
that change in ccc-gistemp (see
http://ccc-gistemp.googlecode.com/issues/detail?id=54). To test
ccc-gistemp running the same algorithm as the reference GISTEMP
run, edit code/parameters.py to set use_global_brightness = False
before running tool/regression.py.
B. DOCUMENT HISTORY
Most recent changes first:
2010-10-29 DRJ Updated to prepare for 0.6.1.
2010-10-22 DRJ Updated to prepare for 0.6.0.
2010-07-21 DRJ Updated to prepare for 0.5.1.
2010-07-19 DRJ Updated to prepare for 0.5.0.
2010-07-13 DRJ Added note about PyPy.
2010-03-11 DRJ Updated to prepare for 0.4.1.
2010-03-09 DRJ Updated to prepare for 0.4.0.
2010-01-26 NB Updated to prepare for 0.3.0.
2010-01-25 DRJ Removed PNG result.
2010-01-22 NB Updated to reflect some code moving to tool/.
2010-01-11 NB Updated to describe preflight better.
2010-01-06 DRJ Updated for our all-Python status.
2009-12-03 NB Updated for transfer to GoogleCode project.
2008-09-19 DRJ Added PNG result.
2008-09-13 NB Updated for CCC 0.1.0.
2008-09-12 NB Updated for CCC 0.0.3.
2008-09-12 NB Updated for CCC 0.0.2.
2008-09-11 NB Updated for CCC 0.0.1.
2008-09-08 NB Created.
C. COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
This document is copyright (C) 2009, 2010 Ravenbrook Limited; and (C)
2010 Climate Code Foundation. All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use of this document in any form, with or without
modification, is permitted provided that redistributions of this
document retain the above copyright notice, this condition and the
THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS
IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR
PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING
NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
DOCUMENT, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
$URL: https://ccc-gistemp.googlecode.com/svn/branches/2011-05-18/gsoc/readme.txt $
$Rev: 772 $
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