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Clearly see and debug your celery cluster in real time!

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Clearly see and debug your celery cluster in real time!

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Do you use celery, and monitor your tasks with flower? You'll probably like Clearly! 👍

Clearly is a real time monitor for your celery tasks and workers!

While I do like flower, to me it's not been totally up to the task (pun intended :).
Why is that? flower needs page refreshes, filters only one task type at a time, displays results as plain strings without any formatting or syntax highlighting, and on top of that also truncates them!

And clearly is actually real time, has multiple simultaneous filters, a beautiful syntax highlighting system, an advanced formating system that shows parameters, results and tracebacks just as an ipython would, has complete un-truncated results and is very easy to use! 😃
Also you can install it very easily with a docker image!

It's great to actually see in a totally real time way what's going on in your celery workers! So it's very nice for inspecting, debugging, and even demonstrating your company async-superpowers (put clearly on a big screen TV showing all tasks of your production environment 😜)!

Clearly is composed of a server, which collects real time events from the celery cluster, generates missing states, and streams filtered data to connected clients; and a client, which you use to send filter commands and display both real time and stored data. They communicate with each other via gRPC and ProtocolBuffers.

See what clearly looks like: very cool

📌 New version!

Clearly has received a major revamp in version 0.9, since its very near 1.0! \o/

All code has been revisited and several new features were implemented, which took ~170 commits, ~70 files changed and ~2700 additions! Clearly is now more mature, more reliable and way more polished in general, with beautiful colors and complete error handling, making this new Clearly way more pleasant to use!

And there's also the unit tests, which were greatly streamlined. The suite has gone from ~2600 tests down to less than 700, while keeping 100% code coverage (branch-coverage)! The PR is in https://github.com/rsalmei/clearly/pull/52 if you'd like to see it.

This endeavor has taken five weeks of full-time work, and demanded a great effort. If you appreciate my work, you could buy me a coffee 😊, I would really appreciate that! (the button is on the top-right corner)

Also please help Clearly gain more momentum! Tweet about it, write a blog post about it or just recommend it!

Enjoy!


Features

Clearly enables you to:

  • Be informed of any and all tasks running, failing or just being enqueued, both in real time and stored;
    • if you enable task_send_sent_event in your code, you can track tasks even before they get into a worker!
  • Be informed of workers availability, knowing immediately if any goes down or up;
  • Filter tasks any way you want by several fields, both in real time and stored;
  • Debug the actual parameters the tasks were called with, and analyze their outcome, such as success results or failure tracebacks and retries;
  • All types and representations of those parameters and outcomes can be clearly seen with the advanced formatting system and syntax highlighting;
  • Analyze metrics of your system.

Clearly is

  • compatible with any version of celery, from 3.1 to 4.4+;
  • aware of your result backend, using it if available to retrieve tasks' results;
  • running inside docker, so anyone with any version of python can use it! 👏

Clearly is not

  • an administration tool for celery clusters, it is specialized in monitoring.

Get clearly the docker way

Requirements

To use clearly, you just have to:

  • enable Events in your celery workers (celery worker -E)

and you're good to go!

Start the server

$ docker run --rm --name clearly-server -p <clearly_port>:12223 \
      rsalmei/clearly server <broker_url> [--backend backend_url]

You should see something like:

server

Start the client

$ docker run --rm -ti --name clearly-client -v ipythonhist:/root/.ipython/profile_default/ \
      rsalmei/clearly client [clearly_server [clearly_port]]

Note: The above volume (-v) is not really necessary, but it's very nice to not lose your clearlycli history every time you leave it. I recommend it 👍.

That's it, you're good to go! \o/

What, you really need to use it inside your own REPL?

Ok, you can use clearly the pip way, but this is not recommended anymore. The docker way is much more portable, and avoids coupling between yours and clearly code. Also enables me to use internally any python version I see fit, without fear of breaking user's code. See in the changelog the currently supported python version.

$ pip install clearly

Start the server

$ clearly server <broker_url> [--backend backend_url] [--port 12223]
Just a quickie debug?

Clearly Client used to not need any server, which was convenient but had several shortcomings, like losing all history when closed, and receiving every single event from the celery cluster for each new client, which stressed the broker way more. But if you'd like to use it quickly like that, be it to just assert something or to trial clearly before committing, you still can. Just start the server in-process:

    from clearly.server import ClearlyServer
    clearly_server = ClearlyServer('<broker_url>', '<backend>')
    clearly_server.start_server(<port>)

Then you can simply start the client without arguments: clearlycli = ClearlyClient()

Start the client

Enter any REPL like python or IPython:

from clearly.client import ClearlyClient
clearlycli = ClearlyClient('<clearly_server>', <12223>)

That's it, you're good to go!

Constrained to Python 2.7?

Use the docker way! :)
If you still really want this, maybe to embed in your legacy projects' shell, please use version 0.4.2 as in:

$ pip install clearly==0.4.2

This version is prior to the server split, so it connects directly to the broker, but should still work.

You could also use 0.6.4, which is newer and already has a server, but please do mind that gRPC and Python 2.7 have a very annoying bug in this case: you can't CTRL+C out of clearly client's capture method (or any streaming methods), so you have to kill the process itself when needed with CTRL+\. For more details on this nasty bug:


How to use it

So, you are ready to see tasks popping up in your screen faster than you can see? (Remember to filter them!)

Grab them

In real time ⚡️

clearlycli.capture()
clearlycli.capture_tasks()
clearlycli.capture_workers()

Past, stored events 🗄

clearlycli.tasks()
clearlycli.workers()

Example using the capture() method, which will show all real time activity in the celery cluster, including both tasks and workers.

capture

The real time method variants block to receive streaming events from the server.
At any moment, you can CTRL+C out them, and rest assured the server will continue to gather all events seamlessly, it's just this client that will stop receiving them. The capture_tasks() and capture_workers() methods receive only its respective real time events.
The tasks() and workers() methods operates similarly, but retrieving only stored events without blocking.

The client will display those events in a format configured by the corresponding Display Mode.

Display modes

clearlycli.display_modes()

Display modes specify the level of details you want to see. Things like to show or not arguments being sent, to show exceptions, with or without arguments, to show tasks' results, etc.

display modes

To change a display mode, just call the same method with the constant number beside it or the enum constant.

clearlycli.display_modes(ModeTask.RESULT, ModeWorker.STATS)  # the enums are automatically imported
clearlycli.display_modes(2, 13)  # has the same effect, but easier on the fingers

You can also change only one display mode at a time (just call with one argument).

clearlycli.display_modes(ModeTask.SUCCESS)  # the same as calling with (5)
clearlycli.display_modes(12)  # sets the worker display mode to ModeWorker.WORKER

And even configure the default directly in the docker run env: just include a -e CLI_DISPLAY_MODES="...", with one or two constant numbers (the enum constants are not accepted here).

Seen tasks, metrics and reset tasks

clearlycli.seen_tasks()  # prints all seen task types
clearlycli.metrics()  # prints some metrics about the celery cluster and Clearly itself
clearlycli.reset_tasks()  # resets stored tasks

This section should be pretty self-explanatory.

seen metrics


How clearly works

Clearly has started as a fully contained tool, one that you just run in a python REPL and filter tasks! It used to connect directly to the broker, which had several shortcomings like stressing the broker a lot (repeating all events to all connected clearlys), and losing all history whenever it was closed.

Nowadays, its software architecture is quite different. Since version 0.5, it is split in two software components: a server that extracts events and share data, and a client that interfaces with it, sending commands and displaying results.

Clearly server has three subsystems: the listener, the dispatcher and the RPC server. The listener runs on a background thread, that captures raw celery events in real time directly from the broker, updates their tasks in an LRU cache and dynamically generates missing states if needed (so it seems the events were perfectly ordered to the user). The dispatcher runs two other threads that handle connected users, filtering and dispatching selected events to the interested parties. The RPC server implements the gRPC communication mechanism.

The events in the server may (and usually will) come in a chaotic order, so it must dynamically generate missing states and ignore late ones, so you never see a STARTED task before it being even RECEIVED, which would be weird. In a real time monitoring system this is very important, as it's not only about displaying the current state, but displaying the complete train of events that lead up to that state.

Clearly client can filter real time and persisted tasks by name, uuid, routing key and state, and workers by hostname, including brief metrics about the clearly server itself. It has advanced formatting and syntax highlighting abilities, and configurable display modes to exhibit selected data. It does not use any threads and is totally broker and celery agnostic, relying only on the server via gRPC.

The arguments of the tasks are safely compiled into an AST (Abstract Syntax Tree), and beautifully syntax highlighted. Successful tasks get their results directly from the result backend if available, to overcome the problem of truncated results (the broker events have a size limit).

All async workers' life cycles are also processed and displayed, beautifully syntax highlighted too. If you enable task_send_sent_event, all triggered tasks show up immediately on screen (it's quite nice to see!).

The memory consumption for server persisted tasks, although very optimized, must of course be limited. By default it stores 10,000 tasks and 100 workers at a time, and is configurable.


Client commands Reference

def capture_tasks(self, tasks: Optional[str] = None,
                  mode: Union[None, int, ModeTask] = None) -> None:
    """Start capturing task events in real time, so you can instantly see exactly
    what your publishers and workers are doing. Filter as much as you can to find
    what you need, and don't worry as the Clearly Server will still seamlessly
    handle all tasks updates.

    Currently, you can filter tasks by name, uuid, routing key or state.
    Insert an '!' in the first position to select those that do not match criteria.

    This runs in the foreground. Press CTRL+C at any time to stop it.

    Args:
        tasks: a simple pattern to filter tasks
            ex.: 'email' to find values containing that word anywhere
                 'failure|rejected|revoked' to find tasks with problem
                 '^trigger|^email' to find values starting with any of those words
                 'trigger.*123456' to find values with those words in that sequence
                 '!^trigger|^email' to filter values not starting with both those words
        mode: an optional display mode to present data

    See Also:
        ClearlyClient#display_modes()

    """

def capture_workers(self, workers: Optional[str] = None,
                    mode: Union[None, int, ModeWorker] = None) -> None:
    """Start capturing worker events in real time, so you can instantly see exactly
    what your workers states are. Filter as much as you can to find
    what you need, and don't worry as the Clearly Server will still seamlessly
    handle all tasks and workers updates.

    Currently, you can filter workers by hostname.
    Insert an '!' in the first position to select those that do not match criteria.

    This runs in the foreground. Press CTRL+C at any time to stop it.

    Args:
        workers: a simple pattern to filter workers
            ex.: 'email' to find values containing that word anywhere
                 'service|priority' to find values containing any of those words
                 '!service|priority' to find values not containing both those words
        mode: an optional display mode to present data

    See Also:
        ClearlyClient#display_modes()

    """

def capture(self, tasks: Optional[str] = None, workers: Optional[str] = None,
            modes: Union[None, int, ModeTask, ModeWorker, Tuple] = None) -> None:
    """Start capturing all events in real time, so you can instantly see exactly
    what your publishers and workers are doing. Filter as much as you can to find
    what you need, and don't worry as the Clearly Server will still seamlessly
    handle all tasks and workers updates.

    This runs in the foreground. Press CTRL+C at any time to stop it.

    Args:
        tasks: the pattern to filter tasks
        workers: the pattern to filter workers
        modes: optional display modes to present data
            send one or a tuple, as described in display_modes()

    See Also:
        ClearlyClient#capture_tasks()
        ClearlyClient#capture_workers()
        ClearlyClient#display_modes()

    """

def tasks(self, tasks: Optional[str] = None, mode: Union[None, int, ModeTask] = None,
          limit: Optional[int] = None, reverse: bool = True) -> None:
    """Fetch current data from past tasks.

    Note that the `limit` field is just a hint, it may not be accurate.
    Also, the total number of tasks fetched may be slightly different from
    the server `max_tasks` setting.

    Args:
        tasks: the pattern to filter tasks
        mode: an optional display mode to present data
        limit: the maximum number of events to fetch, fetches all if None or 0 (default)
        reverse: if True (default), shows the most recent first

    See Also:
        ClearlyClient#capture_tasks()
        ClearlyClient#display_modes()

    """

def workers(self, workers: Optional[str] = None,
            mode: Union[None, int, ModeWorker] = None) -> None:
    """Fetch current data from known workers.

    Args:
        workers: the pattern to filter workers
        mode: an optional display mode to present data

    See Also:
        ClearlyClient#capture_workers()
        ClearlyClient#display_modes()

    """

def seen_tasks(self) -> None:
    """Fetch a list of seen task types."""

def reset_tasks(self) -> None:
    """Reset stored tasks."""

def metrics(self) -> None:
    """List some metrics about the celery cluster and Clearly itself.

    Shows:
        Tasks processed: actual number of tasks processed, including retries
        Events processed: total number of events processed
        Tasks stored: number of currently stored tasks
        Workers stored: number of workers seen, including offline

    """

Hints to extract the most out of it

  • write a small celery router and generate dynamic routing keys, based on the actual arguments of the async call in place. That way, you'll be able to filter tasks based on any of those, like an id of an entity or the name of a product! Remember the args and kwargs are not used in the filtering.
  • if you're using django and django-extensions, put in your settings a SHELL_PLUS_POST_IMPORT to auto import clearly! Just create a module to initialize a clearlycli instance for the django shell_plus and you're good to go. It's really nice to have Clearly always ready to be used, without importing or configuring anything, and quickly see what's going on with your tasks, even in production :)
  • the more you filter, the less you'll have to analyze and debug! A production environment can have an overwhelmingly high number of tasks, like thousands of tasks per minute, so filter wisely.

Maybe some day

  • support python 3;
  • split Clearly client and server, to allow an always-on server to run, with multiple clients connecting, without any of the shortcomings;
  • remove python 2 support
  • dockerize the server, to make its deploy way easier;
  • improve the client command line, to be able to call capture() and others right from the shell;
  • make the search pattern apply to args and kwargs too;
  • support to constrain search pattern to only some fields;
  • ability to hide sensitive information, directly in event listener;
  • secure connection between server and client;
  • any other ideas welcome!

Changelog:

  • 0.9.2: fix a warning on client startup
  • 0.9.1: fix reset() breaking protobuf serialization; also rename it to reset_tasks()
  • 0.9.0: major code revamp with new internal flow of data, in preparation to the 1.0 milestone! Now there's two StreamingDispatcher instances, each with its own thread, to handle tasks and workers separately (reducing ifs, complexity and latency); include type annotation in all code; several clearlycli improvements: introduced the "!" instead of "negate", introduced display modes instead of "params, success and error", renamed stats() to metrics(), removed task() and improved tasks() to also retrieve tasks by uuid, general polish in all commands and error handling; server log filters passwords from both broker and result backend; worker states reengineered, and heartbeats now get through to the client; unified the streaming and stored events filtering; refactor some code with high cyclomatic complexity; include the so important version number in both server and client initializations; adds a new stylish logo; friendlier errors in general; fix a connection leak, where streaming clients were not being disconnected; included an env var to configure default display modes; streamlined the test system, going from ~2600 tests down to less than 700, while keeping the same 100% branch coverage (removed fixtures combinations which didn't make sense); requires Python 3.6+
  • 0.8.3: extended user friendliness of gRPC errors to all client rpc methods; last version to support Python 3.5
  • 0.8.2: reduce docker image size; user friendlier gRPC errors on client capture (with --debug to raise actual exception); nicer client autocomplete (no clearly package or clearly dir are shown)
  • 0.8.1: keep un-truncate engine from breaking when very distant celery versions are used in publisher and server sides
  • 0.8.0: clearly is dockerized! both server and client are now available in rsalmei/clearly docker hub; include new capture_tasks and capture_workers methods; fix task result being displayed in RETRY state; detect and break if can't connect to the broker
  • 0.7.0: code cleanup, supporting only Python 3.5+
  • 0.6.4: last version to support Python 2.7
  • 0.6.0: supports again standalone mode, in addition to client/server mode
  • 0.5.0: independent client and server, connected by gRPC (supports a server with multiple clients)
  • 0.4.2: last version with client and server combined
  • 0.4.0: supports both py2.7 and py3.4+
  • 0.3.6: last version to support py2 only
  • 0.3.0: result backend is not mandatory anymore
  • 0.2.6: gets production quality
  • 0.2.0: support standard celery events
  • 0.1.4: last version that doesn't use events

License

This software is licensed under the MIT License. See the LICENSE file in the top distribution directory for the full license text.


Did you like it?

Thank you for your interest!

I've put much ❤️ and effort into this.

I wish you have fun using Clearly! :)

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