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Python driver with native interface for ClickHouse

Project description

ClickHouse Python Driver

ClickHouse Python Driver with native (TCP) interface support.

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Asynchronous wrapper is available here: https://github.com/mymarilyn/aioch

Features

  • Compression support:
  • TLS support (since server version 1.1.54304).
  • Basic types support:
    • Float32/64
    • [U]Int8/16/32/64
    • Date/DateTime(‘timezone’)
    • String/FixedString(N)
    • Enum8/16
    • Array(T)
    • Nullable(T)
    • UUID
  • External data for query processing.
  • Query settings.
  • Query progress information.
  • Block by block results streaming.

Installation

The package can be installed using pip:

pip install clickhouse-driver

You can install extras packages if you need compression support. Example of LZ4 compression requirements installation:

pip install clickhouse-driver[lz4]

You also can specify multiple extras by using comma. Install LZ4 and ZSTD requirements:

pip install clickhouse-driver[lz4,zstd]

Usage example:

from clickhouse_driver import Client

client = Client('localhost')

print(client.execute('SHOW TABLES'))

client.execute('DROP TABLE IF EXISTS test')

client.execute('CREATE TABLE test (x Int32) ENGINE = Memory')

client.execute(
    'INSERT INTO test (x) VALUES',
    [{'x': 1}, {'x': 2}, {'x': 3}, {'x': 100}]
)
client.execute('INSERT INTO test (x) VALUES', [[200]])

print(client.execute('SELECT sum(x) FROM test'))

Arrays:

client.execute('CREATE TABLE test2 (x Array(Int32)) ENGINE = Memory')
client.execute(
    'INSERT INTO test2 (x) VALUES',
    [{'x': [10, 20, 30]}, {'x': [11, 21, 31]}]
)

print(client.execute('SELECT * FROM test2'))

Enums:

from enum import IntEnum

class MyEnum(IntEnum):
    foo = 1
    bar = 2

client.execute('''
    CREATE TABLE test3
    (
        x Enum8('foo' = 1, 'bar' = 2)
    ) ENGINE = Memory
''')
client.execute(
    'INSERT INTO test3 (x) VALUES',
    [{'x': MyEnum.foo}, {'x': 'bar'}, {'x': 1}]
)

print(client.execute('SELECT * FROM test3'))

Data compression:

from clickhouse_driver import Client

client_with_lz4 = Client('localhost', compression=True)
client_with_lz4 = Client('localhost', compression='lz4')
client_with_zstd = Client('localhost', compression='zstd')

Secure connection:

from clickhouse_driver import Client

client = Client('localhost', secure=True)
# Using self-signed certificate.
self_signed_client = Client('localhost', secure=True, ca_certs='/etc/clickhouse-server/server.crt')
# Disable verification.
no_verifyed_client = Client('localhost', secure=True, verify=False)

# Example of secured client with Let's Encrypt certificate.
import certifi

client = Client('remote-host', secure=True, ca_certs=certifi.where())

External data for query processing:

tables = [{
    'name': 'ext',
    'structure': [('x', 'Int32'), ('y', 'Array(Int32)')],
    'data': [
        {'x': 100, 'y': [2, 4, 6, 8]},
        {'x': 500, 'y': [1, 3, 5, 7]},
    ]
}]
rv = client.execute(
    'SELECT sum(x) FROM ext', external_tables=tables)
print(rv)

Query progress information:

from datetime import datetime

progress = client.execute_with_progress('LONG AND COMPLICATED QUERY')

timeout = 20
started_at = datetime.now()

for num_rows, total_rows in progress:
    done = float(num_rows) / total_rows if total_rows else total_rows
    now = datetime.now()
    # Cancel query if it takes more than 20 seconds to process 50% of rows.
    if (now - started_at).total_seconds() > timeout and done < 0.5:
        client.cancel()
        break
else:
    rv = progress.get_result()
    print(rv)

Block by block results streaming:

settings = {'max_block_size': 100000}
rows_gen = client.execute_iter('QUERY WITH MANY ROWS', settings=settings)

for row in rows_gen:
    print(row)

CityHash algorithm notes

Unfortunately ClickHouse server comes with built-in old version of CityHash hashing algorithm. That’s why we can’t use original CityHash package. Downgraded version of this algorithm is placed at PyPI.

Client Parameters

The first parameter host is required. There are some optional parameters:

  • port is port ClickHouse server is bound to. Default is 9000.
  • database is database connect to. Default is 'default'.
  • user. Default is 'default'.
  • password. Default is '' (no password).
  • client_name. This name will appear in server logs. Default is 'python-driver'.
  • compression. Whether or not use compression. Default is False. Possible choices:
    • True is equivalent to 'lz4'.
    • 'lz4'.
    • 'lz4hc' high-compression variant of 'lz4'.
    • 'zstd'.
  • insert_block_size. Chunk size to split rows for INSERT. Default is 1048576.
  • settings. Dictionary of settings that passed to every query. Default is empty.

SSL/TLS parameters:

  • secure. Establish secure connection. Default is False.
  • verify. Specifies whether a certificate is required and whether it will be validated after connection. Default is True.
  • other parameters: ssl_version, ca_certs, ciphers. See ssl.wrap_socket documentation.

You can also specify timeouts via:

  • connect_timeout. Default is 10 seconds.
  • send_receive_timeout. Default is 300 seconds.
  • sync_request_timeout. Default is 5 seconds.

Miscellaneous

Passing parameters to SELECT SQL queries:

from datetime import date

rv = client.execute(
    'SELECT %(date)s, %(a)s + %(b)s',
    {'date': date.today(), 'a': 1, 'b': 2}
)
print(rv)

Specifying query_id:

from uuid import uuid1

query_id = str(uuid1())
print(client.execute('SHOW TABLES', query_id=query_id))

Client settings:

# Set max number threads for all queries execution.
settings = {'max_threads': 2}
client = Client('localhost', settings=settings)

Overriding default query settings:

# Set lower priority to query and limit max number threads to execute the request.
settings = {'max_threads': 2, 'priority': 10}
print(client.execute('SHOW TABLES', settings=settings))

Retrieving results in columnar form. This is also faster:

print(client.execute('SELECT arrayJoin(range(3))', columnar=True))

Data types check is disabled for performance on INSERT queries. You can turn it on by types_check option:

client.execute('INSERT INTO test (x) VALUES', [('abc', )], types_check=True)

License

ClickHouse Python Driver is distributed under the MIT license.

How to Contribute

  1. Check for open issues or open a fresh issue to start a discussion around a feature idea or a bug.
  2. Fork the repository on GitHub to start making your changes to the master branch (or branch off of it).
  3. Write a test which shows that the bug was fixed or that the feature works as expected.
  4. Send a pull request and bug the maintainer until it gets merged and published.

Download files

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Filename, size & hash SHA256 hash help File type Python version Upload date
clickhouse-driver-0.0.14.tar.gz (34.9 kB) Copy SHA256 hash SHA256 Source None Aug 16, 2018

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