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Extension for colcon to gather test results.

Project description

colcon-lcov-result

An extension for colcon-core to provide aggregate coverage results using LCOV.

LCOV is a graphical front-end for GCC’s coverage testing tool gcov, producing the following coverage metrics:

  • Statement coverage
  • Function coverage
  • Branch coverage

For more information, see this paper and this Wikipedia page.

Usage

  1. Build your packages with coverage flags, using colcon:

    $ colcon build \
          --symlink-install \
          --cmake-args \
              -DCMAKE_CXX_FLAGS='-fprofile-arcs -ftest-coverage' \
              -DCMAKE_C_FLAGS='-fprofile-arcs -ftest-coverage'
    
  2. Create a baseline for zero coverage:

    $ colcon lcov-result --initial
    
    • This step is optional, but will help reveal any files that are untouched by tests
  3. Run tests:

    $ colcon test
    
  4. Gather the lcov results:

    $ colcon lcov-result
    Reading tracefile /home/user/workspace/my_cool_ws/lcov/total_coverage.info
    Summary coverage rate:
      lines......: 78.6% (44 of 56 lines)
      functions..: 94.4% (34 of 36 functions)
      branches...: 37.0% (34 of 92 branches)
    
  5. Browse the coverage report by opening lcov/index.html in a browser

  6. Zero the coverage counters and re-run tests:

    $ colcon lcov-result --zero-counters
    $ colcon lcov-result --initial
    $ colcon test
    $ colcon lcov-result
    Reading tracefile /home/user/workspace/my_cool_ws/lcov/total_coverage.info
    Summary coverage rate:
      lines......: 78.6% (44 of 56 lines)
      functions..: 94.4% (34 of 36 functions)
      branches...: 37.0% (34 of 92 branches)
    

Tips and Tricks

  • When running locally, use the --packages-select option to generate coverage information for relevant packages
    • This will also suppress warnings for packages that were either not built with coverage flags or for which tests did not run
  • The --verbose flag can be used to print the coverage summary of each individual package as the results are analyzed

Contributing

For non-trivial contributions, it is recommended to first create an issue to discuss your ideas.

The following is the recommended workflow for contributing:

  1. Install colcon and extensions in a virtual environment:

    $ cd <workspace>
    $ python3 -m venv colcon-env
    $ source colcon-env/bin/activate
    $ pip3 install colcon-common-extensions
    
  2. Install colcon-lcov-result in editable mode:

    $ cd <workspace>
    $ python3 -m venv colcon-env
    $ source colcon-env/bin/activate
    $ cd path/to/colcon-lcov-result
    $ pip3 install -e .
    
  3. As long as you are in the virtual environment, make changes to colcon-lcov-result run colcon lcov-result, and see the effect of the changes

  4. Commit changes and submit a PR:

Troubleshooting

  • The following warning when running colcon lcov-result --initial implies that the package was not built with the correct flags:

    --- stderr: my_pkg
    geninfo: WARNING: no .gcno files found in /home/user/workspace/build/my_pkg - skipping!
    ---
    
    • The package will not show up in the final results. Use --packages-skip to suppress the warning
  • The following warning when running colcon lcov-result implies that no tests ran for that package

    [0.576s] ERROR:colcon.colcon_lcov_result.task.lcov:lcov:
    ERROR: no valid records found in tracefile /home/user/workspace/build/my_pkg/coverage.info
    --- stderr: my_pkg
    geninfo: WARNING: no .gcda files found in /home/user/workspace/build/my_pkg - skipping!
    ---
    
    • The package will show up in the final results with 0% coverage. Use --packages-skip to suppress these packages from the total

Known Issues

  1. The final step of aggregating all the result files can be slow depending on the number of packages that were analyzed

Project details


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