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Project Description

Python has instance methods, class methods (@classmethod), and static methods (@staticmethod). But it doesn’t have a clear way to invoke a method on either a class or its instances. With combomethod, it does.

from combomethod import combomethod

class A(object):

    @combomethod
    def either(receiver, x, y):
        return x + y

a = A()
assert a.either(1, 3) == 4
assert A.either(1, 3) == 4

Voila! You method now takes either the class or the instance–whichever one you want to call it with.

Discussion

In some cases, you can fake @combomethod with @classmethod. In the code above, for example, there is no real reference to the class or instance, and either could have been designated a @classmethod, since they can be called with either classes or instances. But, there’s a problem: Class methods always pass the class to the method, even if they’re called with an instance. With this approach, you can never access the instance variables. Ouch!

Alternatively, either could have been designated a @staticmethod, had its receiver parameter been removed. But while it would then be callable from either an instance or a class, in neither case would it pass the object the method was called from. There’d never be a way to access either the class or instance variables. Ouch again!

As useful as @classmethod and @staticmethod are, they don’t handle the important case where you need to call with either the class or an instance and you need genuine access to the object doing the call. Here’s an example that needs this:

class Above(object):

    base = 10

    def __init__(self, base=100):
        self.base = base

    @combomethod
    def above_base(receiver, x):
        return receiver.base + x

a = Above()
assert a.above_base(5) == 105
assert Above.above_base(5) == 15

aa = Above(12)
assert aa.above_base(5) == 17
assert Above.above_base(5) == 15

When you need to call with either an instance or a class, and you also care about the object doing the calling, @combomethod rocks and rolls.

Notes

  • This module is primarily a convenient packaging, testing, and documentation of insights and code from Mike Axiak’s Stack Overflow post. Thank you, Mike!
  • While the module is new to separate PyPI distribution, I’ve successfuly used it in production code for several years.
  • Automated multi-version testing managed with pytest, pytest-cov, coverage, and tox. Continuous integration testing with Travis-CI. Packaging linting with pyroma.
  • Successfully packaged for, and tested against, all late-model versions of Python: 2.6, 2.7, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, and 3.5 as well as PyPy 2.6.1 (based on 2.7.10) and PyPy3 2.4.0 (based on 3.2.5).
  • The author, Jonathan Eunice or @jeunice on Twitter welcomes your comments and suggestions.

Installation

To install or upgrade to the latest version:

pip install -U combomethod

To easy_install under a specific Python version (3.3 in this example):

python3.3 -m easy_install --upgrade combomethod

(You may need to prefix these with sudo to authorize installation. In environments without super-user privileges, you may want to use pip’s --user option, to install only for a single user, rather than system-wide.)

Release History

Release History

1.0.6

This version

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1.0.5

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1.0.3

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1.0.2

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1.0.1

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1.0.0

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Download Files

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File Name & Checksum SHA256 Checksum Help Version File Type Upload Date
combomethod-1.0.6-py2.py3-none-any.whl (6.9 kB) Copy SHA256 Checksum SHA256 2.7 Wheel Sep 14, 2015
combomethod-1.0.6.tar.gz (5.9 kB) Copy SHA256 Checksum SHA256 Source Sep 14, 2015
combomethod-1.0.6.zip (12.9 kB) Copy SHA256 Checksum SHA256 Source Sep 14, 2015

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