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A simple toolkit for building microservices with flask

Project description

Cruet

Cruet is a simple toolkit for building microservices with flask. It works with both, function based and class based views.

It is built on top of:

  • flask
  • marshmallow
  • webargs

Example

from flask import Flask
from marshmallow import fields
from cruet import Cruet, use_args, ApiError, ApiResponse

app = Flask(__name__)
cruet = Cruet(app)

@app.route('/')
@use_args({'name': fields.Str(required=True)})
def index(args):
    if len(args['name']) < 3:
        raise ApiError('Name has to be at least 3 characters', 400)

    return ApiResponse({'msg': 'Hello ' + args['name']})

if __name__ == '__main__':
    app.run()

# curl http://localhost:5000/?name='World'
# {"data": {"msg": "Hello World"}}

Installation

Cruet is available from PyPi

pip install cruet

Response

Cruet provides the ApiResponse class for building json responses that are formatted consistently across all endpoints.

Error Handling

Cruet provides the ApiError exception class for raising an exception and returning a formatted json response with the error message.

Input Validation

Cruet uses the excellent webargs library for validating HTTP requests. It integrates the library in a very transparent way, which doesn't change the way webargs is being used and their documentation should be used as the reference. Cruet only adds its own error handling to webargs and provides convenient decorators for different HTTP request input types.

For general use, the use_args and use_kwargs decorators can be used. The example above uses use_args to check for a parameter called name. The webargs library uses the concept of locations to define where it should look for the HTTP request data. Cruet provides a few convenient decorators for the most common locations.

Query

The query decorator looks for the data as part of the arguments in the URL query string.

from cruet import query

@app.route('/')
@query({'name': fields.Str(required=True)})
def index(args):
    if len(args['name']) < 3:
        raise ApiError('Name has to be at least 3 characters', 400)

    return ApiResponse({'msg': 'Hello ' + args["name"]})

# curl http://localhost:5000/?name='World'
# {"data": {"msg": "Hello World"}}

Body

The body decorator looks for json formatted data in the request body.

from cruet import body

@app.route('/', methods=['POST'])
@body({'name': fields.Str(required=True)})
def index(args):
    if len(args['name']) < 3:
        raise ApiError('Name has to be at least 3 characters', 400)

    return ApiResponse({'msg': 'Hello ' + args["name"]})

# curl -d '{"name":"World"}' -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST http://localhost:5000
# {"data": {"msg": "Hello World"}}

Form

The form decorator looks for form-urlencoded data.

from cruet import form

@app.route('/', methods=['POST'])
@form({'name': fields.Str(required=True)})
def index(args):
    if len(args['name']) < 3:
        raise ApiError('Name has to be at least 3 characters', 400)

    return ApiResponse({'msg': 'Hello ' + args["name"]})

# curl -d "name=World" -X POST http://localhost:5000
# {"data": {"msg": "Hello World"}}

Project details


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