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library for setting up torch DDP on a dask cluster

Project description

dask-pytorch-ddp

dask-pytorch-ddp is a Python package that makes it easy to train PyTorch models on Dask clusters using distributed data parallel. The intended scope of the project is

  • bootstrapping PyTorch workers on top of a Dask cluster
  • Using distributed data stores (e.g., S3) as normal PyTorch datasets
  • mechanisms for tracking and logging intermediate results, training statistics, and checkpoints.

At this point, this library and examples provided are tailored to computer vision tasks, but this library is intended to be useful for any sort of PyTorch tasks. The only thing really specific to image processing is the S3ImageFolder dataset class. Implementing a PyTorch dataset (assuming map style random access) outside of images currently requires implementing __getitem__(self, idx: int): and __len__(self): We plan to add more varied examples for other use cases in the future, and welcome PRs extending functionality.

Typical non-dask workflow

A typical example of non-dask PyTorch usage is as follows:

Loading Data

Create an dataset (ImageFolder), and wrap it in a DataLoader

transform = transforms.Compose([
    transforms.Resize(256),
    transforms.CenterCrop(250),
    transforms.ToTensor()
])

whole_dataset = ImageFolder(path, transform=transform)

batch_size = 100
num_workers = 64
indices = list(range(len(data)))
np.random.shuffle(indices)
train_idx = indices[:num]
test_idx = indices[num:num+num]

train_sampler = SubsetRandomSampler(train_idx)
train_loader = DataLoader(data, sampler=train_sampler, batch_size=batch_size, num_workers=num_workers)

Training a Model

Loop over the dataset, and train the model by stepping the optimizer

device = torch.device(0)
net = models.resnet18(pretrained=False)
model = net.to(device)
device_ids = [0]

criterion = nn.CrossEntropyLoss().cuda()
lr = 0.001
optimizer = optim.SGD(model.parameters(), lr=lr, momentum=0.9)
count = 0
for epoch in range(n_epochs):
    model.train()  # Set model to training mode
    for inputs, labels in train_loader:
        inputs = inputs.to(device)
        labels = labels.to(device)
        outputs = model(inputs)
        _, preds = torch.max(outputs, 1)
        loss = criterion(outputs, labels)

        # zero the parameter gradients
        optimizer.zero_grad()
        loss.backward()
        optimizer.step()
        count += 1

Now on Dask

With dask_pytorch_ddp and PyTorch Distributed Data Parallel, we can train on multiple workers as follows:

Loading Data

Load the dataset from S3, and explicitly set the multiprocessing context (Dask defaults to spawn, but pytorch is generally configured to use fork)

from dask_pytorch_ddp.data import S3ImageFolder

whole_dataset = S3ImageFolder(bucket, prefix, transform=transform)
train_loader = torch.utils.data.DataLoader(
    whole_dataset, sampler=train_sampler, batch_size=batch_size, num_workers=num_workers, multiprocessing_context=mp.get_context('fork')
)

Training in Parallel

Wrap the training loop in a function (and add metrics logging. Not necessary, but very useful). Convert the model into a PyTorch Distributed Data Parallel (DDP) model which knows how to sync gradients together across workers.

import uuid
import pickle
import logging
import json


key = uuid.uuid4().hex
rh = DaskResultsHandler(key)

def run_transfer_learning(bucket, prefix, samplesize, n_epochs, batch_size, num_workers, train_sampler):
    worker_rank = int(dist.get_rank())
    device = torch.device(0)
    net = models.resnet18(pretrained=False)
    model = net.to(device)
    model = DDP(model, device_ids=[0])

    criterion = nn.CrossEntropyLoss().cuda()
    lr = 0.001
    optimizer = optim.SGD(model.parameters(), lr=lr, momentum=0.9)
    whole_dataset = S3ImageFolder(bucket, prefix, transform=transform)

    train_loader = torch.utils.data.DataLoader(
        whole_dataset,
        sampler=train_sampler,
        batch_size=batch_size,
        num_workers=num_workers,
        multiprocessing_context=mp.get_context('fork')
    )

    count = 0
    for epoch in range(n_epochs):
        # Each epoch has a training and validation phase
        model.train()  # Set model to training mode
        for inputs, labels in train_loader:
            dt = datetime.datetime.now().isoformat()
            inputs = inputs.to(device)
            labels = labels.to(device)
            outputs = model(inputs)
            _, preds = torch.max(outputs, 1)
            loss = criterion(outputs, labels)

            # zero the parameter gradients
            optimizer.zero_grad()
            loss.backward()
            optimizer.step()
            count += 1

            # statistics
            rh.submit_result(
                f"worker/{worker_rank}/data-{dt}.json",
                json.dumps({'loss': loss.item(), 'epoch': epoch, 'count': count, 'worker': worker_rank})
            )
            if (count % 100) == 0 and worker_rank == 0:
                rh.submit_result(f"checkpoint-{dt}.pkl", pickle.dumps(model.state_dict()))

How does it work?

dask-pytorch-ddp is largely a wrapper around existing pytorch functionality. pytorch.distributed provides infrastructure for Distributed Data Parallel (DDP).

In DDP, you create N workers, and the 0th worker is the "master", and coordinates the synchronization of buffers and gradients. In SGD, gradients are normally averaged between all data points in a batch. By running batches on multiple workers, and averaging the gradients, DDP enables you to run SGD with a much bigger batch size (N * batch_size)

dask-pytorch-ddp sets some environment variables to configure the "master" host and port, and then calls init_process_group before training, and calls destroy_process_group after training. This is the same process normally done manually by the data scientist.

Multi GPU machines

dask_cuda_worker automatically rotates CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES for each worker it creates (typically one per GPU). As a result, your PyTorch code should always start with the 0th GPU.

For example, if I have an 8 GPU machine, the 3rd worker will have CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES set to 2,3,4,5,6,7,0,1. On that worker, if I call torch.device(0), I will get GPU 2.

What else?

dask-pytorch-ddp also implements an S3 based ImageFolder. More distributed friendly datasets are planned. dask-pytorch-ddp also implements a basic results aggregation framework so that it is easy to collect training metrics across different workers. Currently, only DaskResultsHandler which leverages Dask pub-sub communication protocols is implemented, but an S3 based result handler is planned.

Some Notes

Dask generally spawns processes. PyTorch generally forks. When using a multiprocessing enabled data loader, it is a good idea to pass the Fork multiprocessing context to force the use of Forking in the data loader.

Some Dask deployments do not permit spawning processes. To override this, you can change the distributed.worker.daemon setting.

Environment variables are a convenient way to do this:

DASK_DISTRIBUTED__WORKER__DAEMON=False

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