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Sanitizes contents of a database.

Project description

Database sanitation tool

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database-sanitizer is a tool which retrieves an database dump from relational database and performs sanitation on the retrieved data according to rules defined in a configuration file. Currently the sanitation tool supports both PostgreSQL and MySQL databases.


database-sanitizer can be installed from PyPI with pip like this:

$ pip install database-sanitizer

If you are using MySQL, you need to install the package like this instead, so that additional requirements are included:

$ pip install database-sanitizer[MySQL]


Once the package has been installed, database-sanitizer can be used like this:

$ database-sanitizer <DATABASE-URL>

Command line argument DATABASE-URL needs to be provided so the tool knows how to retrieve the dump from the database. With PostgreSQL, it would be something like this:

$ database-sanitizer postgres://user:password@host/database

However, unless an configuration file is provided, no sanitation will be performed on the retrieved database dump, which leads us to the next section which will be...


Rules for the sanitation can be given in a configuration file written in YAML. Path to the configuration file is then given to the command line utility with --config argument (-c for shorthand) like this:

$ database-sanitizer -c config.yml postgres://user:password@host/database

The configuration file uses following kind of syntax:

    - some.other.package
    - yet.another.package
  extra_parameters: # These parameters will be passed to the dump tool CLI
      - "--single-transaction" # Included by default
      - "--exclude-table=something"
    first_name: name.first_name
    last_name: name.last_name
    secret_key: string.empty
  access_log: skip_rows

In the example configuration above, there are first listed two "addon packages", which are names of Python packages where the sanitizer will be looking for sanitizer functions. They are completely optional and can be omitted, in which case only sanitizer functions defined in package called sanitizers and built-in sanitizers will be used instead.

It's also possible to define extra parameters to pass to the dump tool ( mysqldump or pg_dump). By default, mysqldump will include the --single-transaction extra parameter. You can disable this by defining the extra parameters in the config file explicitly, e.g. with an empty array [].

The strategy portion of the configuration contains the actual sanitation rules. First you define name of the database table (in the example that would be user) followed by column names in that table which each one mapped to sanitation function name. The name of the sanitation function consists from two parts separated from each other by a dot: Python module name and name of the actual function, which will be prefixed with sanitize_, so name.first_name would be a function called sanitize_first_name in a file called

Table content can be left out completely from the sanitized dump by setting table strategy to skip_rows (check access_log table in the example config). This will leave out all INSERT INTO (MySQL) or COPY (PostgreSQL) statements from the sanitized dump file. CREATE TABLE statements will not be removed.

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