Skip to main content

('Package for working with DHCP packets - including a DHCP client',)

Project description

DHCP Python

Version 0.1.2

A Python implementation of a DHCP client and the tools to manipulate DHCP packets. Includes:

  1. A parser of DHCP packets, returning Python objects
  2. Supports for all DHCP options in RFC 2132
  3. A rudimentary DHCP client

Installation

pip install dhcppython

Requirements

  • Python 3.8.0 or higher

NOTE: This has been tested on Ubuntu 18.04 and Windows WSL. May or may not work on other platforms.

The Packet Parser

Two files contribute to the packet parsing: dhcppython.packet and dhcppython.options. For most operations only dhcppython.packet will be required.

dhcppython.packet

The main class in dhcppython.packet is the DHCPPacket. The DHCPPacket class contains multiple constructors for parsing and constructing DHCP packets.

Converting a packet in wireformat to a Python object

Given a DHCP packet in bytes format (such as what you would get from reading a DHCP packet straight from a socket) a DHCPPacket object can be instantiated by calling the from_bytes and supplying the bytes.

>>> pkt = dhcppython.packet.DHCPPacket.from_bytes(b'\x01\x01\x06\x00\xea\xbe\xc3\x97\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x8cE\x00E\x12\t\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00c\x82Sc5\x01\x01=\x07\x01\x8cE\x00E\x12\t9\x02\x05\xdc<\x0eandroid-dhcp-9\x0c\tGalaxy-S97\n\x01\x03\x06\x0f\x1a\x1c3:;+\xff')
>>> pkt
DHCPPacket(op='BOOTREQUEST', htype='ETHERNET', hlen=6, hops=0, xid=3938370455, secs=1, flags=0, ciaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), yiaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), siaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), giaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), chaddr='8C:45:00:45:12:09', sname=b'', file=b'', options=OptionList([MessageType(code=53, length=1, data=b'\x01'), ClientIdentifier(code=61, length=7, data=b'\x01\x8cE\x00E\x12\t'), MaxDHCPMessageSize(code=57, length=2, data=b'\x05\xdc'), VendorClassIdentifier(code=60, length=14, data=b'android-dhcp-9'), Hostname(code=12, length=9, data=b'Galaxy-S9'), ParameterRequestList(code=55, length=10, data=b'\x01\x03\x06\x0f\x1a\x1c3:;+'), End(code=255, length=0, data=b'')]))

Converting a DHCPPacket object to wireformat

Given a DHCPPacket object you can easily output the corresponding DHCP packet in wireformat by accessing the asbytes attribute of the object.

>>> pkt.asbytes
b'\x01\x01\x06\x00\xea\xbe\xc3\x97\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x8cE\x00E\x12\t\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00c\x82Sc5\x01\x01=\x07\x01\x8cE\x00E\x12\t9\x02\x05\xdc<\x0eandroid-dhcp-9\x0c\tGalaxy-S97\n\x01\x03\x06\x0f\x1a\x1c3:;+\xff'

This bytes output is suitable for sending over a socket to a DHCP server.

Other Constructors of the DHCPPacket Class

  • The default, low level, constructor (not recommended):
>>> pkt = dhcppython.packet.DHCPPacket(op="BOOTREQUEST", htype="ETHERNET", hlen=6, hops=0, xid=123456, secs=0, flags=0, ciaddr=ipaddress.IPv4Address(0), yiaddr=ipaddress.IPv4Address(0), siaddr=ipaddress.IPv4Address(0), giaddr=ipaddress.IPv4Address(0), chaddr="DE:AD:BE:EF:C0:DE", sname=b'', file=b'', options=dhcppython.options.OptionList([dhcppython.options.options.short_value_to_object(53, "DHCPDISCOVER")]))
>>> pkt
DHCPPacket(op='BOOTREQUEST', htype='ETHERNET', hlen=6, hops=0, xid=123456, secs=0, flags=0, ciaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), yiaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), siaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), giaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), chaddr='DE:AD:BE:EF:C0:DE', sname=b'', file=b'', options=OptionList([MessageType(code=53, length=1, data=b'\x01')]))
  • Higher level constructors specific to the four main DHCP message types: DISCOVER, OFFER, REQUEST, ACK:
>>> dhcppython.packet.DHCPPacket.Discover('de:ad:be:ef:c0:de')
DHCPPacket(op='BOOTREQUEST', htype='ETHERNET', hlen=6, hops=0, xid=4249353806, secs=0, flags=32768, ciaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), yiaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), siaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), giaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), chaddr='de:ad:be:ef:c0:de', sname=b'', file=b'', options=OptionList([MessageType(code=53, length=1, data=b'\x01')]))
>>> dhcppython.packet.DHCPPacket.Offer('de:ad:be:ef:c0:de', seconds=0, tx_id=4249353806, yiaddr=ipaddress.IPv4Address('192.168.56.4'))
DHCPPacket(op='BOOTREPLY', htype='ETHERNET', hlen=6, hops=0, xid=4249353806, secs=0, flags=32768, ciaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), yiaddr=IPv4Address('192.168.56.4'), siaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), giaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), chaddr='de:ad:be:ef:c0:de', sname=b'', file=b'', options=OptionList([MessageType(code=53, length=1, data=b'\x02')]))
>>> dhcppython.packet.DHCPPacket.Request('de:ad:be:ef:c0:de', seconds=0, tx_id=4249353806)
DHCPPacket(op='BOOTREQUEST', htype='ETHERNET', hlen=6, hops=0, xid=4249353806, secs=0, flags=32768, ciaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), yiaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), siaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), giaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), chaddr='de:ad:be:ef:c0:de', sname=b'', file=b'', options=OptionList([MessageType(code=53, length=1, data=b'\x03')]))
>>> dhcppython.packet.DHCPPacket.Ack('de:ad:be:ef:c0:de', seconds=0, tx_id=4249353806, yiaddr=ipaddress.IPv4Address('192.168.56.4'))
DHCPPacket(op='BOOTREPLY', htype='ETHERNET', hlen=6, hops=0, xid=4249353806, secs=0, flags=32768, ciaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), yiaddr=IPv4Address('192.168.56.4'), siaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), giaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), chaddr='de:ad:be:ef:c0:de', sname=b'', file=b'', options=OptionList([MessageType(code=53, length=1, data=b'\x05')]))

dhcppython.options

This module provides classes for:

  1. All DHCP options described in RFC 2132
  2. An unknown option class for options not encoded
  3. An abstract Option class that is easily extendable if additional options are required
  4. A data structure for mananging DHCP options - the OptionList
  5. An higher lever Option factory - the OptionDirectory

A high level API is provided by the dhcppython.options.options object and the Option class:

  • Create an options object from bytes by calling the bytes_to_object method
>>> opt = dhcppython.options.options.bytes_to_object(b"\x3d\x07\x01\x8c\x45\x00\x45\x12\x09")
>>> opt
ClientIdentifier(code=61, length=7, data=b'\x01\x8cE\x00E\x12\t')
  • Get a human readable dict of an options object value
>>> opt.value
{'client_identifier': {'hwtype': 1, 'hwaddr': '8C:45:00:45:12:09'}}
  • Create an options object from its human readable dict of its value:
>>> dhcppython.options.options.value_to_object({'client_identifier': {'hwtype': 1, 'hwaddr': '8C:45:00:45:12:09'}})
ClientIdentifier(code=61, length=7, data=b'\x01\x8cE\x00E\x12\t')

OR

>>> dhcppython.options.options.short_value_to_object(61, {'hwtype': 1, 'hwaddr': '8C:45:00:45:12:09'})
ClientIdentifier(code=61, length=7, data=b'\x01\x8cE\x00E\x12\t')
  1. Convert a human readable dict of an option value to the bytes representation
>>> dhcppython.options.options.value_to_bytes({'client_identifier': {'hwtype': 1, 'hwaddr': '8C:45:00:45:12:09'}})
b'=\x07\x01\x8cE\x00E\x12\t'
  1. Get the bytes representation of an option given its Option object
>>> opt = dhcppython.options.ClientIdentifier(code=61, length=7, data=b'\x01\x8cE\x00E\x12\t')
>>> opt.asbytes
b'=\x07\x01\x8cE\x00E\x12\t'

The OptionList class provides a very convenient set of methods for managing a list of DHCP options.

  • Create an OptionList instance from a list of Option objects
>>> opt_list = dhcppython.options.OptionList(
...             [
...                 dhcppython.options.options.short_value_to_object(61, {'hwtype': 1, 'hwaddr': "8c:45:00:23:45:67"}),
...                 dhcppython.options.options.short_value_to_object(57, 1500),
...                 dhcppython.options.options.short_value_to_object(60, "android-dhcp-9"),
...                 dhcppython.options.options.short_value_to_object(12, "Galaxy-S9"),
...                 dhcppython.options.options.short_value_to_object(55, [1, 3, 6, 15, 26, 28, 51, 58, 59, 43])
...             ]
...         )
>>> opt_list
OptionList([ClientIdentifier(code=61, length=7, data=b'\x01\x8cE\x00#Eg'), MaxDHCPMessageSize(code=57, length=2, data=b'\x05\xdc'), VendorClassIdentifier(code=60, length=14, data=b'android-dhcp-9'), Hostname(code=12, length=9, data=b'Galaxy-S9'), ParameterRequestList(code=55, length=10, data=b'\x01\x03\x06\x0f\x1a\x1c3:;+')])
  • Retrieve any options in the OptionList by its option code
>>> opt_list.by_code(12)
Hostname(code=12, length=9, data=b'Galaxy-S9')
>>> opt_list.by_code(13)
>>>
  • Append (add) any options using the append method
>>> opt_list.append(dhcppython.options.options.short_value_to_object(53, "DHCPDISCOVER"))
>>> opt_list
OptionList([ClientIdentifier(code=61, length=7, data=b'\x01\x8cE\x00#Eg'), MaxDHCPMessageSize(code=57, length=2, data=b'\x05\xdc'), VendorClassIdentifier(code=60, length=14, data=b'android-dhcp-9'), Hostname(code=12, length=9, data=b'Galaxy-S9'), ParameterRequestList(code=55, length=10, data=b'\x01\x03\x06\x0f\x1a\x1c3:;+'), MessageType(code=53, length=1, data=b'\x01')])
  • Protects against duplicate options (duplicate overwrites in place)
>>> opt_list
OptionList([ClientIdentifier(code=61, length=7, data=b'\x01\x8cE\x00#Eg'), MaxDHCPMessageSize(code=57, length=2, data=b'\x13\x88'), VendorClassIdentifier(code=60, length=14, data=b'android-dhcp-9'), Hostname(code=12, length=9, data=b'Galaxy-S9'), ParameterRequestList(code=55, length=10, data=b'\x01\x03\x06\x0f\x1a\x1c3:;+'), MessageType(code=53, length=1, data=b'\x01')])
  • Allows for iteration like a list
>>> for opt in opt_list:
...     print(opt)
...
ClientIdentifier(code=61, length=7, data=b'\x01\x8cE\x00#Eg')
MaxDHCPMessageSize(code=57, length=2, data=b'\x13\x88')
VendorClassIdentifier(code=60, length=14, data=b'android-dhcp-9')
Hostname(code=12, length=9, data=b'Galaxy-S9')
ParameterRequestList(code=55, length=10, data=b'\x01\x03\x06\x0f\x1a\x1c3:;+')
MessageType(code=53, length=1, data=b'\x01')

The DHCP Client

A very primitive DHCP client is included in this package in the dhcppython.client module. The client is able to negotiate a lease with a DHCP server and can be configured to use:

  • A given interface
  • Option to send broadcast packets or unicast packets to a specific server
  • Set a relay in the giaddr field
  • "Spoof" MAC addresses
  • Specify options to send with request

The high level interface to negotiate a lease is the get_lease method of the dhcppython.client.DHCPClient object. This method goes through the DORA DHCP handshake and returns a Lease namedtuple which includes all the packets in the :

>>> import dhcppython
>>> client = dhcppython.client.DHCPClient(interface="enp0s8")
>>> lease = client.get_lease(mac_addr="de:ad:be:ef:c0:de", broadcast=True, relay=None, server="255.255.255.255", options_list=None)
Lease succesful: 192.168.56.3 -- DE:AD:BE:EF:C0:DE -- 3 ms elapsed
>>> lease
Lease(discover=DHCPPacket(op='BOOTREQUEST', htype='ETHERNET', hlen=6, hops=0, xid=2829179566, secs=0, flags=32768, ciaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), yiaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), siaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), giaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), chaddr='de:ad:be:ef:c0:de', sname=b'', file=b'', options=OptionList([MessageType(code=53, length=1, data=b'\x01')])), offer=DHCPPacket(op='BOOTREPLY', htype='ETHERNET', hlen=6, hops=0, xid=2829179566, secs=0, flags=32768, ciaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), yiaddr=IPv4Address('192.168.56.3'), siaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), giaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), chaddr='DE:AD:BE:EF:C0:DE', sname=b'', file=b'', options=OptionList([SubnetMask(code=1, length=4, data=b'\xff\xff\xff\x00'), Router(code=3, length=4, data=b'\n\x97\x01\x01'), DNSServer(code=6, length=4, data=b'\nh\x01\x08'), Hostname(code=12, length=22, data=b'dhcp.-192-168-56-3.com'), DomainName(code=15, length=14, data=b'example.com'), IPAddressLeaseTime(code=51, length=4, data=b'\x00\x01Q\x80'), MessageType(code=53, length=1, data=b'\x02'), ServerIdentifier(code=54, length=4, data=b'\xc0\xa88\x02'), RenewalTime(code=58, length=4, data=b'\x00\x00T`'), RebindingTime(code=59, length=4, data=b'\x00\x00\xa8\xc0'), End(code=255, length=0, data=b'')])), request=DHCPPacket(op='BOOTREQUEST', htype='ETHERNET', hlen=6, hops=0, xid=2829179566, secs=0, flags=32768, ciaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), yiaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), siaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), giaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), chaddr='de:ad:be:ef:c0:de', sname=b'', file=b'', options=OptionList([MessageType(code=53, length=1, data=b'\x03')])), ack=DHCPPacket(op='BOOTREPLY', htype='ETHERNET', hlen=6, hops=0, xid=2829179566, secs=0, flags=32768, ciaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), yiaddr=IPv4Address('192.168.56.3'), siaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), giaddr=IPv4Address('0.0.0.0'), chaddr='DE:AD:BE:EF:C0:DE', sname=b'', file=b'', options=OptionList([SubnetMask(code=1, length=4, data=b'\xff\xff\xff\x00'), Router(code=3, length=4, data=b'\n\x97\x01\x01'), DNSServer(code=6, length=4, data=b'\nh\x01\x08'), Hostname(code=12, length=22, data=b'dhcp.-192-168-56-3.com'), DomainName(code=15, length=14, data=b'example.com'), IPAddressLeaseTime(code=51, length=4, data=b'\x00\x01Q\x80'), MessageType(code=53, length=1, data=b'\x05'), ServerIdentifier(code=54, length=4, data=b'\xc0\xa88\x02'), RenewalTime(code=58, length=4, data=b'\x00\x00T`'), RebindingTime(code=59, length=4, data=b'\x00\x00\xa8\xc0'), End(code=255, length=0, data=b'')])), time=0.0032514659978915006, server=('192.168.56.2', 67))

Project details


Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Files for dhcppython, version 0.1.2
Filename, size File type Python version Upload date Hashes
Filename, size dhcppython-0.1.2-py3-none-any.whl (1.3 MB) File type Wheel Python version py3 Upload date Hashes View hashes
Filename, size dhcppython-0.1.2.tar.gz (1.2 MB) File type Source Python version None Upload date Hashes View hashes

Supported by

Elastic Elastic Search Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Google Google BigQuery Sentry Sentry Error logging AWS AWS Cloud computing DataDog DataDog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN DigiCert DigiCert EV certificate StatusPage StatusPage Status page