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Common things every Django app needs!

Project description

Overview

Django-common consists of the following things:

  • A middleware that makes sure your web-app runs either on or without ‘www’ in the domain.
  • A SessionManagerBase base class, that helps in keeping your session related code object-oriented and clean! See session.py for usage details.
  • An EmailBackend for authenticating users based on their email, apart from username.
  • Some custom db fields that you can use in your models including a UniqueHashField and RandomHashField.
  • Bunch of helpful functions in helper.py
  • A render_form_field template tag that makes rendering form fields easy and DRY.
  • A couple of dry response classes: JsonResponse and XMLResponse in the django_common.http that can be used in views that give json/xml responses.

Installation

  • Install django_common (ideally in your virtualenv!) using pip or simply getting a copy of the code and putting it in a directory in your codebase.

  • Add django_common to your Django settings INSTALLED_APPS:

        INSTALLED_APPS = [
        # ...
        "django_common",
    ]
    
  • Add the following to your settings.py with appropriate values:

    • IS_DEV
    • IS_PROD
    • DOMAIN_NAME
    • WWW_ROOT
  • Add common_settings to your Django settings TEMPLATE_CONTEXT_PROCESSORS:

    TEMPLATE_CONTEXT_PROCESSORS = [
            # ...
            'django_common.context_processors.common_settings',
    ]
    
  • Add EmailBackend to the Django settings AUTHENTICATION_BACKENDS:

    AUTHENTICATION_BACKENDS = (
            'django_common.auth_backends.EmailBackend',
            'django.contrib.auth.backends.ModelBackend'
    )
    
  • Add WWWRedirectMiddleware if required to the list of middlewares:

    MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES = [
            # ...
            "WWWRedirectMiddleware",
    ]
    
  • Scaffolds / ajax_form.js (ajax forms) etc. require jQuery

Scaffolding feature

  1. Installing

To get scaffold just download scaffold branch of django-common, add it to INSTALLED_APPS and set up SCAFFOLD_APPS_DIR in settings.

Default is set to main app directory. However if you use django_base_project you must set up this to SCAFFOLD_APPS_DIR = 'apps/'.

  1. Run

To run scaffold type:

python manage.py scaffold APPNAME --model MODELNAME [fields]

APPNAME is app name. If app does not exists it will be created. MODELNAME is model name. Just enter model name that you want to create (for example: Blog, Topic, Post etc). It must be alphanumerical. Only one model per run is allowed!

[fields] - list of the model fields.

  1. Field types

Available fields:

char - CharField
text - TextField
int - IntegerFIeld
decimal -DecimalField
datetime - DateTimeField
foreign - ForeignKey

All fields requires name that is provided after : sign, for example:

char:title  text:body int:posts datetime:create_date

Two fields foreign and decimal requires additional parameters:

  • “foreign” as third argument takes foreignkey model, example:

    foreign:blog:Blog, foreign:post:Post, foreign:added_by:User
    

NOTICE: All foreign key models must alread exist in project. User and Group model are imported automatically.

  • decimal field requires two more arguments max_digits and decimal_places, example:

    decimal:total_cost:10:2
    

NOTICE: To all models scaffold automatically adds two fields: update_date and create_date.

  1. How it works?

Scaffold creates models, views (CRUD), forms, templates, admin, urls and basic tests (CRUD). Scaffold templates are using two blocks extending from base.html:

{% extends "base.html" %}
{% block page-title %} {% endblock %}
{% block conent %} {% endblock %}

So be sure you have your base.html set up properly.

Scaffolding example usage

Let’s create very simple forum app. We need Forum, Topic and Post model.

  • Forum model

Forum model needs just one field name:

python manage.py scaffold forum --model Forum char:name
  • Topic model

Topics are created by site users so we need: created_by, title and Forum foreign key (update_date and create_date are always added to models):

python manage.py scaffold forum --model Topic foreign:created_by:User char:title foreign:forum:Forum
  • Post model

Last one are Posts. Posts are related to Topics. Here we need: title, body, created_by and foreign key to Topic:

python manage.py scaffold forum --model Post char:title text:body foreign:created_by:User foreign:topic:Topic

All data should be in place!

Now you must add forum app to INSTALLED_APPS and include app in urls.py file by adding into urlpatterns:

urlpatterns = patterns('',
    ...
    (r'^', include('forum.urls')),
)

Now syncdb new app and you are ready to go:

python manage.py syncdb

Run your server:

python manage.py runserver

And go to forum main page:

http://localhost:8000/forum/

All structure are in place. Now you can personalize models, templates and urls.

At the end you can test new app by runing test:

python manage.py test forum

Creating test database for alias 'default'...
.......
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Ran 7 tests in 0.884s

OK

Happy scaffolding!

This open-source app is brought to you by Tivix, Inc. ( http://tivix.com/ )

Changelog

0.6.1

  • Added support for attaching content to emails manually (without providing path to file).
  • Added LoginRequiredMixin

0.6

  • Added support for Django 1.5
  • Added fixes in nested inlines
  • Added support for a multi-select checkbox field template and radio button in render_form_field
  • Added Test Email Backend for overwrite TO, CC and BCC fields in all outgoing emails
  • Added Custom File Email Backend to save emails as file with custom extension
  • Rewrote fragments to be Bootstrap-compatible

0.5.1

  • root_path deprecated in Django 1.4+

0.5

  • Added self.get_inline_instances() usages instead of self.inline_instances
  • Changed minimum requirement to Django 1.4+ because of the above.

0.4

  • Added nested inline templates, js and full ajax support. Now we can add/remove nested fields dynamically.
  • JsonpResponse object for padded JSON
  • User time tracking feature - how long the user has been on site, associated middleware etc.
  • @anonymous_required decorator: for views that should not be accessed by a logged-in user.
  • Added EncryptedTextField and EncryptedCharField
  • Misc. bug fixes

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