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Handle database views. Allow to create migrations for database views. View migrations using django code. They can be reversed. Changes in model view definition are detected automatically. Support almost all options as regular makemigrations command

Project description

django-db-views

:memo: License License
:package: PyPi PyPi
Django Versions 2.2 to 4.0
Python Versions 3.6 to 3.10

How to install?

  • pip install django-db-views

How to use?

  • add django_db_views to INSTALLED_APPS
  • use makeviewmigrations command to create migrations for view models

How to create view in your database?

  • To create your view use DBView class, remember to set view definition attribute.

     from django.db import models
     from django_db_views.db_view import DBView
     
     
     class VirtualCard(models.Model):
         ...
     
     
     class Balance(DBView):
    
         virtual_card = models.ForeignKey(
             VirtualCard,  # VirtualCard is a regular Django model. 
             on_delete=models.DO_NOTHING, related_name='virtual_cards'
         )
         total_discount = models.DecimalField(max_digits=12, decimal_places=2)
         total_returns = models.DecimalField(max_digits=12, decimal_places=2)
         balance = models.DecimalField(max_digits=12, decimal_places=2)
         
         view_definition = """
             SELECT
                 row_number() over () as id,  # Django requires column called id
                 virtual_card.id as virtual_card_id,
                 sum(...) as total_discount,
             ...
         """
     
         class Meta:
             managed = False  # Managed must be set to False!
             db_table = 'virtual_card_balance'
    
  • The view definition can be: str/dict or a callable which returns str/dict.

    Callable view definition examples:

     from django_db_views.db_view import DBViewl
    
     class ExampleView(DBView):
         @staticmethod
         def view_definition():
             return str(SomeModel.objects.all().query)
         # OR
         view_definition = lambda: str(SomeModel.objects.all().query)
         class Meta:
             managed = False 
             db_table = 'example_view'
    

    using callable allow you to write view definition using ORM.

  • Ensure that you include managed = False in the DBView model's Meta class to prevent Django creating it's own migration.

How view migrations work?

  • DBView working as regular django model. You can use it in any query.
  • It's using Django code, view-migrations looks like regular migrations.
  • It relies on db_table names.
  • makeviewmigrations command finds previous migration for view.
    • if there is no such migration then script create a new migration
    • if previous migration exists but no change in view_definition is detected nothing is done
    • if previous migration exists, then script will use previous view_definition for backward operation, and creates new migration.
    • when run it will check if the current default engine definined in django.settings is the same engine the view was defined with

Multidatabase support

Yoy can define view_definition as a dict for multiple engine types.

If you do not pass in an engine and have a str or callable the engine will be defaulted to the default database defined in django.

It respects --database flag in the migrate command, So you are able to define a specific view definitions for specific databases using the engine key. If the key do not match your current database, view migration will be skipped.

Also, feature becomes useful if you use a different engine for local / dev / staging / production.

Example dict view definition:

view_definition = {
    "django.db.backends.sqlite3": """
        SELECT
            row_number() over () as id,
            q.id as question_id,
            count(*) as total_choices
        FROM question q
        JOIN choice c on c.question_id = q.id
        GROUP BY q.id
    """,
    "django.db.backends.postgresql": """
        SELECT
            row_number() over () as id,
            q.id as question_id,
            count(*) as total_choices
        FROM question q
        JOIN choice c on c.question_id = q.id
        GROUP BY q.id
    """,
}

Coming soon:

  • Materialized views
  • database table functions

Please use the newest version. version 0.1.0 has backward incompatibility which is solved in version 0.1.1 and higher.

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