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Run checks on services like databases, queue servers, celery processes, etc.

Project description

version ci coverage health license

This project checks the health for a number of backends and sees if they are able to connect and do a simple action.

The following health check backends are bundled into this project:

  • Cache
  • Database
  • Storage
  • AWS S3 storage
  • Celery task queue

Writing your own custom health checks is also very quick and easy.

We also like contributions, so don’t be afraid to make a pull request.


First install the django-health-check package:

pip install django-health-check

Add the health checker to an URL you want to use:

urlpatterns = [
    # ...
    url(r'^ht/', include('health_check.urls')),

Add the health_check applications to your INSTALLED_APPS:

    # ...
    'health_check',                             # required
    'health_check.db',                          # stock Django health checkers
    'health_check.contrib.celery',              # requires celery
    'health_check.contrib.s3boto_storage',      # requires boto and S3BotoStorage backend

If using the DB check, run migrations:

django-admin migrate

Setting up monitoring

You can use tools like Pingdom or other uptime robots to monitor service status. The /ht/ endpoint will respond a HTTP 200 if all checks passed and a HTTP 500 if any of the tests failed.

$ curl -v -X GET -H

> GET /ht/ HTTP/1.1
> Host:
> Accept: */*
< HTTP/1.1 200 OK
< Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8

<!-- This is an excerpt -->
<div class="container">
    <h1>System status</h1>
            <td class="status_1"></td>
            <td class="status_1"></td>
            <td class="status_1"></td>

Getting machine readable JSON reports

If you want machine readable status reports you can request the /ht/ endpoint with the Accept HTTP header set to application/json.

The backend will return a JSON response:

$ curl -v -X GET -H "Accept: application/json"

> GET /ht/ HTTP/1.1
> Host:
> Accept: application/json
< HTTP/1.1 200 OK
< Content-Type: application/json

    "CacheBackend": "working",
    "DatabaseBackend": "working",
    "S3BotoStorageHealthCheck": "working"

Writing a custom health check

Writing a health check is quick and easy:

from health_check.backends import BaseHealthCheckBackend

class MyHealthCheckBackend(BaseHealthCheckBackend):
    def check_status(self):
        # The test code goes here.
        # You can use `self.add_error` or
        # raise a `HealthCheckException`,
        # similar to Django's form validation.

    def identifier(self):
        return self.__class__.__name__  # Display name on the endpoint.

After writing a custom checker, register it in your app configuration:

from django.apps import AppConfig

from health_check.plugins import plugin_dir

class MyAppConfig(AppConfig):
    name = 'my_app'

    def ready(self):
        from .backends import MyHealthCheckBackend

Make sure the application you write the checker into is registered in your INSTALLED_APPS.

Customizing output

You can customize HTML or JSON rendering by inheriting from MainView in health_check.views and customizing the template_name, get, render_to_response and render_to_response_json properties:

from health_check.views import MainView

class HealthCheckCustomView(MainView):
    template_name = 'myapp/health_check_dashboard.html'  # customize the used templates

    def get(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
        plugins = []
        # ...
        if 'application/json' in request.META.get('HTTP_ACCEPT', ''):
            return self.render_to_response_json(plugins, status)
        return self.render_to_response(plugins, status)

    def render_to_response(self, plugins, status):       # customize HTML output
        return HttpResponse('COOL' if status == 200 else 'SWEATY', status=status)

    def render_to_response_json(self, plugins, status):  # customize JSON output
        return JsonResponse(
            {str(p.identifier()): 'COOL' if status == 200 else 'SWEATY' for p in plugins}

import views

urlpatterns = [
    # ...
    url(r'^ht/$', views.HealthCheckCustomView.as_view(), name='health_check_custom'),

Other resources

  • django-watchman is a package that does some of the same things in a slightly different way.
  • See this weblog about configuring Django and health checking with AWS Elastic Load Balancer.

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