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A simple Django app to offload tasks from main web server

Project description

Django Leek

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The simple and slick way to run async tasks in Django.

  • Django-friendly API
  • Easy to start and stop

Based on django-queue.

Why?

With a healthy mix of vegetables, such as Celery and Carrot aleady in the midst, what does django-leek bring?

The most "lightweight" library so far has "install Redis" as step one. Although, Redis is a fantastic software, sometimes you just want a simple way of offload the webserver and run a task async, such as sending an email.

Here django-leek comes to the rescue. Usage and architecture cannot be simpler, and with so few moving parts, it should be very stable, although it's still not battle tested as e.g. Celery.

With django-leek you can get up and running quickly The more complex distributed queues can wait until the website has a lot of traffic, and the scalability is really required.

Getting started

  1. Install django-leek with pip

    $ pip install django-leek
    
  2. Add django-leek to INSTALLED_APPS in your settings.py file.

  3. Create tables needed

    $ manange.py migrate
    
  4. Make sure the django-leek server is running.

    $ python manage.py runleek
    
  5. Go nuts

    leek = Leek()
    @leek.task
    def send_mail(to):
        do_what_ever()
    
    send_mail.offload(to='foobar@example.com')
    

    You can also use the "old" as found in django-queue

    push_task_to_queue(send_mail, to='foobar@example.com')	
    
  6. It's easy to unit test code that in production offloads work to the Leek server.

    def _invoke(a_callable, *args, **kwargs):
    
  • a_callable(*args, **kwargs) @patch('django_leek.api.push_task_to_queue', _invoke) def test_mytest(): send_mail.offload(to='sync@leek.com') # now runs synchronously, like a normal function ```

Development

There is a test application you can play around with when developing on django-leek. Example:

  1. ./manage.sh test_app runserver - Starts the test app
  2. ./manage.sh test_app leek - Starts a leek instance for the test app
  3. ./manage.sh django_leek test - Run test suite.

Technical overview

In a nutshell, a python SocketServer runs in the background, listening on a tcp socket. SocketServer gets the request to run a task from it's socket, puts the task on a Queue. A Worker thread picks tasks from this Queue, and runs the tasks one by one.

Components

  1. Python SocketServer that listens to a tcp socket.
  2. A Worker thread.
  3. A python Queue

Workflow

The workflow that runs an async task:

  1. When SocketServer starts, it initializes the Worker thread.
  2. SocketServer listens to requests.
  3. When SocketServer receives a request - a callables with args and kwargs - it puts the request on a python Queue.
  4. The Worker thread picks a task from the Queue.
  5. The Worker thread runs the task.

Can this queue scale to production?

Depends on the traffic: SocketServer is simple, but solid, and as the site gets more traffic, it's possible to move the django-queue server to another machine, separate database etc. At some point, probably, it's better to pick Celery. Until then, django-leek is a simple, solid, and no-hustle solution.

Settings

To change the default django-queue settings, add a LEEK dictionary to your project main settings.py file.

This is the dictionary and the defaults:

LEEK = {
	'bind': "localhost:8002",
 	'host': "localhost",
 	'port': 8002}

bind The leek server will bind here.

host The django server will connect to this host when notifying leek of jobs.

port The django server will connect to this port when notifying leek of jobs.

Persistence

The following models are used.

QueuedTasks
The model saves every tasks pushed to the queue.
The task is pickled as a tasks_queue.tasks.Task object, which is a simple class with a callable,args and kwargs attributes, and one method: run()

SuccessTasks
The Worker thread saves to this model the task_id of every task that was carried out successfuly. task_id is the task's QueuedTasks id.

FailedTasks
After the Worker tries to run a task and it fails by raising an exception, the Worker saves it to this model. The failed taks is saved by the task_id, with the exception message. Only the exception from the last run is saved.

Purge Tasks

According to your project needs, you can purge tasks that the Worker completed successfuly.

The SQL to delete these tasks:

DELETE queued,success
FROM tasks_queue_queuedtasks queued
INNER JOIN tasks_queue_successtasks success
ON success.task_id = queued.id;

In a similar way, delete the failed tasks. You can run a cron script, or other script, to purge the tasks.

Release a new version

  1. Checkout master branch

  2. Make sure virtual environment is activated. source venv/bin/activate 3, Make sure version in setup.py is correct. grep version setup.py

  3. Make sure setuptools, twine, and wheel are installed and up to date

    pip install "setuptools>=38.6.0" "twine>=1.11.0" "wheel>=0.31.0"
    
  4. Clean out any old dist packages. rm -r dist/

  5. Build source and wheel dists. python setup.py sdist bdist_wheel

  6. Upload to PyPI twine upload dist/*

  7. Profit!

Authors

Aviah, Silvia Scalisi and Samuel Carlsson

See contributors for full list.

Project details


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