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A django-compressor filter to compile SASS files using libsass

Project description

A django-compressor filter to compile Sass files using libsass.

Installation

Starting from a Django project with django-compressor set up:

pip install django-libsass

and add django_libsass.SassCompiler to your COMPRESS_PRECOMPILERS setting:

COMPRESS_PRECOMPILERS = (
    ('text/x-scss', 'django_libsass.SassCompiler'),
)

You can now use the content type text/x-scss on your stylesheets, and have them compiled seamlessly into CSS:

{% load compress %}

{% compress css %}
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/x-scss" href="{% static "myapp/css/main.scss" %}" />
{% endcompress %}

Imports

Relative paths in @import lines are followed as you would expect:

@import "../variables.scss";

Additionally, Django’s STATICFILES_FINDERS setting is consulted, and all possible locations for static files on the local filesystem are included on the search path. This makes it possible to import files across different apps:

@import "myotherapp/css/widget.scss"

Settings

The following settings can be used to control django-libsass’s behaviour:

  • LIBSASS_SOURCE_COMMENTS - whether to enable SASS source comments (adds comments about source lines). Defaults to True when Django’s DEBUG is True, False otherwise.
  • LIBSASS_OUTPUT_STYLE - SASS output style. Options are 'nested', 'expanded', 'compact' and 'compressed', although as of libsass 3.0.2 only 'nested' and 'compressed' are implemented. Default is ‘nested’. See SASS documentation for output styles. Note that django-compressor’s settings may also affect the formatting of the resulting CSS.
  • LIBSASS_CUSTOM_FUNCTIONS - A mapping of custom functions to be made available within the SASS compiler. By default, a static function is provided, analogous to Django’s static template tag.
  • LIBSASS_SOURCEMAPS - Enable embedding sourcemaps into file output (default: False)
  • LIBSASS_PRECISION - Number of digits of numerical precision (default: 5)
  • LIBSASS_ADDITIONAL_INCLUDE_PATHS - a list of base paths to be recognised in @import lines, in addition to Django’s recognised static file locations

Custom functions

The SASS compiler can be extended with custom Python functions defined in the LIBSASS_CUSTOM_FUNCTIONS setting. By default, a static function is provided, for generating static paths to resources such as images and fonts:

.foo {
    background: url(static("myapp/image/bar.png"));
}

If your STATIC_URL is ‘/static/’, this will be rendered as:

.foo {
    background: url("/static/myapp/image/bar.png"));
}

Why django-libsass?

We wanted to use Sass in a Django project without introducing any external (non pip-installable) dependencies. (Actually, we wanted to use Less, but the same arguments apply…) There are a few pure Python implementations of Sass and Less, but we found that they invariably didn’t match the behaviour of the reference compilers, either in their handling of @imports or lesser-used CSS features such as media queries.

libsass is a mature C/C++ port of the Sass engine, co-developed by the original creator of Sass, and we can reasonably rely on it to stay in sync with the reference Sass compiler - and, being C/C++, it’s fast. Thanks to Hong Minhee’s libsass-python project, it has Python bindings and installs straight from pip.

django-libsass builds on libsass-python to make @import paths aware of Django’s staticfiles mechanism, and provides a filter module for django-compressor which uses the libsass-python API directly, avoiding the overheads of calling an external executable to do the compilation.

Reporting bugs

Please see the troubleshooting page for help with some common setup issues.

I do not provide support for getting django-libsass working with your CSS framework of choice. If you believe you’ve found a bug, please try to isolate it as a minimal reproducible test case before reporting it - ideally this will consist of a few edits / additions to the hello-django-libsass example project. If you cannot demonstrate the problem in a few standalone SCSS files, it is almost certainly not a django-libsass bug - any bug reports that relate to a third-party CSS framework are likely to be closed without further investigation.

Author

Matt Westcott matthew.westcott@torchbox.com

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