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SASS processor to compile SCSS files into *.css, while rendering, or offline.

Project Description
django-sass-processor
=====================

Being annoyed having to run a Compass, Grunt or Gulp daemon while
developing Django projects?

Well, then this app is for you! Compile SASS/SCSS files on the fly
without having to manage third party services nor special IDE plugins.

|Build Status| |PyPI| |PyPI version| |PyPI| |Twitter Follow|

**django-sass-processor** converts ``*.scss`` or ``*.sass`` files into
``*.css`` while rendering templates. For performance reasons this is
done only once, since the preprocessor keeps track on the timestamps and
only recompiles, if any of the imported SASS/SCSS files is younger than
the corresponding generated CSS file.

Introduction
------------

This Django app provides a templatetag
``{% sass_src 'path/to/file.scss' %}``, which can be used instead of the
built-in templatetag ``static``. This templatetag also works inside
Jinja2 templates.

If SASS/SCSS files shall be referenced through the ``Media`` class, or
``media`` property, the SASS processor can be used directly.

Additionally, **django-sass-processor** is shipped with a management
command, which can convert the content of all occurrences inside the
templatetag ``sass_src`` as an offline operation. Hence the **libsass**
compiler is not required in a production environment.

During development, a
`sourcemap <https://developer.chrome.com/devtools/docs/css-preprocessors>`__
is generated along side with the compiled ``*.css`` file. This allows to
debug style sheet errors much easier.

With this tool, you can safely remove your Ruby installations "Compass"
and "SASS" from your Django projects. You neither need any directory
"watching" daemons based on node.js.

Project's Home
--------------

On GitHub:

https://github.com/jrief/django-sass-processor

Please use the issue tracker to report bugs or propose new features.

Installation
------------

::

pip install libsass django-compressor django-sass-processor

``django-compressor`` is required only for offline compilation, when
using the command ``manage.py compilescss``.

``libsass`` is not required on the production environment, if SASS/SCSS
files have been precompiled and deployed using offline compilation.

Configuration
-------------

In ``settings.py`` add to:

.. code:: python

INSTALLED_APPS = [
...
'sass_processor',
...
]

Optionally, add a list of additional search paths, the SASS compiler may
examine when using the ``@import "...";`` statement in SASS/SCSS files:

.. code:: python

import os

SASS_PROCESSOR_INCLUDE_DIRS = [
os.path.join(PROJECT_PATH, 'extra-styles/scss'),
os.path.join(PROJECT_PATH, 'node_modules'),
]

Additionally, **django-sass-processor** will traverse all installed
Django apps (``INSTALLED_APPS``) and look into their static folders. If
any of them contain a file matching the regular expression pattern
``^_.+\.(scss|sass)$`` (read: filename starts with an underscore and is
of type ``scss`` or ``sass``), then that app specific static folder is
added to the **libsass** include dirs. This feature can be disabled in
your settings with:

.. code:: python

SASS_PROCESSOR_AUTO_INCLUDE = False

If inside of your SASS/SCSS files, you also want to import (using
``@import "path/to/scssfile";``) files which do not start with an
underscore, then you can configure another Regex pattern in your
settings, for instance:

.. code:: python

SASS_PROCESSOR_INCLUDE_FILE_PATTERN = r'^.+\.scss$'

will look for all files of type ``scss``. Remember that SASS/SCSS files
which start with an underscore, are intended to be imported by other
SASS/SCSS files, while files starting with a letter or number are
intended to be included by the HTML tag
``<link href="{% sass_src 'path/to/file.scss' %}" ...>``.

During development, or when ``SASS_PROCESSOR_ENABLED = True``, the
compiled file is placed into the folder referenced by
``SASS_PROCESSOR_ROOT`` (if unset, this setting defaults to
``STATIC_ROOT``). Having a location outside of the working directory
prevents to pollute your local ``static/css/...`` directories with
auto-generated files. Therefore assure, that this directory is writable
by the Django runserver.

**django-sass-processor** is shipped with a special finder, to locate
the generated ``*.css`` files in the directory referred by
``SASS_PROCESSOR_ROOT`` (or, if unset ``STATIC_ROOT``). Just add it to
your ``settings.py``. If there is no ``STATICFILES_FINDERS`` in your
``settings.py`` don't forget to include the **Django** `default
finders <https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/stable/ref/settings/#std:setting-STATICFILES_FINDERS>`__.

If the directory referred by ``SASS_PROCESSOR_ROOT`` does not exist,
then **django-sass-processor** creates it. This does does not apply, if
``SASS_PROCESSOR_ROOT`` is unset and hence defaults to ``STATIC_ROOT``.
Therefore it is a good idea to otherwise use
``SASS_PROCESSOR_ROOT = STATIC_ROOT`` in your ``settings.py``.

.. code:: python

STATICFILES_FINDERS = [
'django.contrib.staticfiles.finders.FileSystemFinder',
'django.contrib.staticfiles.finders.AppDirectoriesFinder',
'sass_processor.finders.CssFinder',
...
]

Fine tune SASS compiler parameters in ``settings.py``.
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Integer ``SASS_PRECISION`` sets floating point precision for output css.
libsass' default is ``5``. Note: **bootstrap-sass** requires ``8``,
otherwise various layout problems *will* occur.

.. code:: python

SASS_PRECISION = 8

``SASS_OUTPUT_STYLE`` sets coding style of the compiled result, one of
``compact``, ``compressed``, ``expanded``, or ``nested``. Default is
``nested`` for ``DEBUG`` and ``compressed`` in production.

Note: **libsass-python** 0.8.3 has `problem encoding result while saving
on Windows <https://github.com/dahlia/libsass-python/pull/82>`__, the
issue is already fixed and will be included in future ``pip`` package
release, in the meanwhile avoid ``compressed`` output style.

.. code:: python

SASS_OUTPUT_STYLE = 'compact'

Jinja2 support
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

``sass_processor.jinja2.ext.SassSrc`` is a Jinja2 extension. Add it to
your Jinja2 environment to enable the tag ``sass_src``, there is no need
for a ``load`` tag. Example of how to add your Jinja2 environment to
Django:

In ``settings.py``:

.. code:: python

TEMPLATES = [{
'BACKEND': 'django.template.backends.jinja2.Jinja2',
'DIRS': [],
'APP_DIRS': True,
'OPTIONS': {
'environment': 'yourapp.jinja2.environment'
},
...
}]

Make sure to add the default template backend, if you're still using
Django templates elsewhere. This is covered in the `Upgrading templates
documentation <https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/stable/ref/templates/upgrading/>`__.

In ``yourapp/jinja2.py``:

.. code:: python

# Include this for Python 2.
from __future__ import absolute_import

from jinja2 import Environment


def environment(**kwargs):
extensions = [] if 'extensions' not in kwargs else kwargs['extensions']
extensions.append('sass_processor.jinja2.ext.SassSrc')
kwargs['extensions'] = extensions

return Environment(**kwargs)

If you want to make use of the ``compilescss`` command, then you will
also have to add the following to your settings:

.. code:: python

from yourapp.jinja2 import environment

COMPRESS_JINJA2_GET_ENVIRONMENT = environment

Usage
-----

In your Django templates
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

.. code:: django

{% load sass_tags %}

<link href="{% sass_src 'myapp/css/mystyle.scss' %}" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />

The above template code will be rendered as HTML

.. code:: html

<link href="/static/myapp/css/mystyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />

You can safely use this templatetag inside a Sekizai's
``{% addtoblock "css" %}`` statement.

In Media classes or properties
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

In Python code, you can access the API of the SASS processor directly.
This for instance is useful in Django's admin or form framework.

.. code:: python

from sass_processor.processor import sass_processor

class SomeAdminOrFormClass(...):
...
class Media:
css = {
'all': [sass_processor('myapp/css/mystyle.scss')],
}

Offline compilation
-------------------

If you want to precompile all occurrences of your SASS/SCSS files for
the whole project, on the command line invoke:

.. code:: shell

./manage.py compilescss

This is useful for preparing production environments, where SASS/SCSS
files can't be compiled on the fly.

To simplify the deployment, the compiled ``*.css`` files are stored
side-by-side with their corresponding SASS/SCSS files. After compiling
the files run

.. code:: shell

./manage.py collectstatic

as you would in a normal deployment.

In case you don't want to expose the SASS/SCSS files in a production
environment, deploy with:

.. code:: shell

./manage.py collectstatic --ignore=*.scss

To get rid of the compiled ``*.css`` files in your local static
directories, simply reverse the above command:

.. code:: shell

./manage.py compilescss --delete-files

This will remove all occurrences of previously generated ``*.css``
files.

Or you may compile results to the ``SASS_PROCESSOR_ROOT`` directory
directy (if not specified - to ``STATIC_ROOT``):

.. code:: shell

./manage.py compilescss --use-processor-root

Combine with ``--delete-files`` switch to purge results from there.

If you use an alternative templating engine set its name in ``--engine``
argument. Currently ``django`` and ``jinja2`` are supported, see
`django-compressor
documentation <http://django-compressor.readthedocs.org/en/latest/>`__
on how to set up ``COMPRESS_JINJA2_GET_ENVIRONMENT`` to configure jinja2
engine support.

During offline compilation **django-sass-processor** parses all Python
files and looks for invocations of
``sass_processor('path/to/sassfile.scss')``. Therefore the string
specifying the filename must be hard coded and shall not be concatenated
or being somehow generated.

Alternative templates
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

By default, **django-sass-processor** will locate SASS/SCSS files from
.html templates, but you can extend or override this behavior in your
settings with:

.. code:: python

SASS_TEMPLATE_EXTS = ['.html','.jade']

Configure SASS variables through settings.py
--------------------------------------------

In SASS, a nasty problem is to set the correct include paths for icons
and fonts. Normally this is done through a ``_variables.scss`` file, but
this inhibits a configuration through your projects ``settings.py``.

To avoid the need for duplicate configuration settings,
**django-sass-processor** offers a SASS function to fetch any arbitrary
configuration directive from the project's ``settings.py``. This is
specially handy to set the include path of your Glyphicons font
directory. Assume, Bootstrap-SASS has been installed using:

.. code:: shell

npm install bootstrap-sass

then locate the directory named ``node_modules`` and add it to your
settings, so that your fonts are accessible through the Django's
``django.contrib.staticfiles.finders.FileSystemFinder``:

.. code:: python

STATICFILES_DIRS = [
...
('node_modules', '/path/to/your/project/node_modules/'),
...
]

NODE_MODULES_URL = STATIC_URL + 'node_modules/'

With the SASS function ``get-setting``, it now is possible to override
any SASS variable with a value configured in the project's
``settings.py``. For the Glyphicons font search path, add this to your
``_variables.scss``:

::

$icon-font-path: unquote(get-setting(NODE_MODULES_URL) + "bootstrap-sass/assets/fonts/bootstrap/");

and ``@import "variables";`` whenever you need Glyphicons. You then can
safely remove any font references, such as
``<link href="/path/to/your/fonts/bootstrap/glyphicons-whatever.ttf" ...>``
from you HTML templates.

Development
-----------

To run the tests locally, clone the repository, create a new virtualenv,
activate it and then run these commands:

.. code:: shell

cd django-sass-processor
pip install tox
tox

Changelog
---------

- 0.5.5
- Create directory ``SASS_PROCESSOR_ROOT`` if it does not exist.

- 0.5.4
- Added unit tests and continuous integration to the project.

- 0.5.3
- Fixed compilescss: Did not find calls of sass\_processor within a
dict, list or tuple

- 0.5.2
- Fixed Python 3 incompatibility. Open files as binaries, since they
may contain unicode characters.

- 0.5.1
- Add ``APPS_INCLUDE_DIRS`` to the SASS include path.

- 0.5.0
- SASS/SCSS files can also be referenced in pure Python files, for
instance in ``Media`` class or ``media`` property definitions.
- The SASS processor will look for potential include directories, so
that the ``@import "..."`` statement also works for SASS files
located in other Django apps.

- 0.4.0 - 0.4.4
- Refactored the sass processor into a self-contained class
``SassProcessor``, which can be accessed through an API, the Jinja2
template engine and the existing templatetag.

- 0.3.5
- Added Jinja2 support, see `Jinja2 support <#jinja2-support>`__.

- 0.3.4
- Fixed: ``get_template_sources()`` in Django-1.9 returns Objects
rather than strings.
- In command, use ``ArgumentParser`` rather than ``OptionParser``.

- 0.3.1...0.3.3
- Changed the build process in ``setup.py``.

- 0.3.0
- Compatible with Django 1.8+.
- bootstrap3-sass ready: appropriate floating point precision (8) can
be set in ``settings.py``.
- Offline compilation results may optionally be stored in
``SASS_PROCESSOR_ROOT``.

- 0.2.6
- Hotfix: added SASS function ``get-setting`` also to offline compiler.

- 0.2.5
- Compatible with Python3
- Replaced ``SortedDict`` with ``OrderedDict`` to be prepared for
Django-1.9
- Raise a ``TemplateSyntax`` error, if a SASS ``@include "..."`` fails
to find the file.
- Added SASS function ``get-setting`` to fetch configuration directives
from ``settings.py``.

- 0.2.4
- Forcing compiled unicode to bytes, since 'Font Awesome' uses Unicode
Private Use Area (PUA) and hence implicit conversion on
``fh.write()`` failed.

- 0.2.3
- Allow for setting template extensions and output style.
- Force Django to calculate template\_source\_loaders from
TEMPLATE\_LOADERS settings, by asking to find a dummy template.

- 0.2.0
- Removed dependency to **django-sekizai** and **django-classy-tags**.
It now can operate in stand-alone mode. Therefore the project has
been renamed to **django-sass-processor**.

- 0.1.0
- Initial revision named **django-sekizai-processors**, based on a
preprocessor for the Sekizai template tags ``{% addtoblock %}``.

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