Skip to main content
This is a pre-production deployment of Warehouse. Changes made here affect the production instance of PyPI (pypi.python.org).
Help us improve Python packaging - Donate today!

SASS processor to compile SCSS files into *.css, while rendering, or offline.

Project Description
# django-sass-processor

Being annoyed having to run a Compass, Grunt or Gulp daemon while developing Django projects?

Well, then this app is for you! Compile SASS/SCSS files on the fly without having to manage
third party services nor special IDE plugins.

[![Build Status](https://travis-ci.org/jrief/django-sass-processor.svg)](https://travis-ci.org/jrief/django-sass-processor)
[![PyPI](https://img.shields.io/pypi/pyversions/django-sass-processor.svg)]()
[![PyPI version](https://img.shields.io/pypi/v/django-sass-processor.svg)](https://https://pypi.python.org/pypi/django-sass-processor)
[![PyPI](https://img.shields.io/pypi/l/django-sass-processor.svg)]()
[![Twitter Follow](https://img.shields.io/twitter/follow/shields_io.svg?style=social&label=Follow&maxAge=2592000)](https://twitter.com/jacobrief)

**django-sass-processor** converts ``*.scss`` or ``*.sass`` files into ``*.css`` while rendering
templates. For performance reasons this is done only once, since the preprocessor keeps track on
the timestamps and only recompiles, if any of the imported SASS/SCSS files is younger than the
corresponding generated CSS file.


## Introduction

This Django app provides a templatetag ``{% sass_src 'path/to/file.scss' %}``, which can be used
instead of the built-in templatetag ``static``. This templatetag also works inside Jinja2 templates.

If SASS/SCSS files shall be referenced through the ``Media`` class, or ``media`` property, the SASS
processor can be used directly.

Additionally, **django-sass-processor** is shipped with a management command, which can convert
the content of all occurrences inside the templatetag ``sass_src`` as an offline operation. Hence
the **libsass** compiler is not required in a production environment.

During development, a [sourcemap](https://developer.chrome.com/devtools/docs/css-preprocessors) is
generated along side with the compiled ``*.css`` file. This allows to debug style sheet errors much
easier.

With this tool, you can safely remove your Ruby installations "Compass" and "SASS" from your Django
projects. You neither need any directory "watching" daemons based on node.js.


## Project's Home

On GitHub:

https://github.com/jrief/django-sass-processor

Please use the issue tracker to report bugs or propose new features.


## Installation

```
pip install libsass django-compressor django-sass-processor
```

``django-compressor`` is required only for offline compilation, when using the command
``manage.py compilescss``.

``libsass`` is not required on the production environment, if SASS/SCSS files have been precompiled
and deployed using offline compilation.


## Configuration

In ``settings.py`` add to:

```python
INSTALLED_APPS = [
...
'sass_processor',
...
]
```

Optionally, add a list of additional search paths, the SASS compiler may examine when using the
``@import "...";`` statement in SASS/SCSS files:

```python
import os

SASS_PROCESSOR_INCLUDE_DIRS = [
os.path.join(PROJECT_PATH, 'extra-styles/scss'),
os.path.join(PROJECT_PATH, 'node_modules'),
]
```

Additionally, **django-sass-processor** will traverse all installed Django apps (``INSTALLED_APPS``)
and look into their static folders. If any of them contain a file matching the regular expression
pattern ``^_.+\.(scss|sass)$`` (read: filename starts with an underscore and is of type ``scss`` or
``sass``), then that app specific static folder is added to the **libsass** include dirs. This
feature can be disabled in your settings with:

```python
SASS_PROCESSOR_AUTO_INCLUDE = False
```

If inside of your SASS/SCSS files, you also want to import (using ``@import "path/to/scssfile";``)
files which do not start with an underscore, then you can configure another Regex pattern in your
settings, for instance:

```python
SASS_PROCESSOR_INCLUDE_FILE_PATTERN = r'^.+\.scss$'
```

will look for all files of type ``scss``. Remember that SASS/SCSS files which start with an
underscore, are intended to be imported by other SASS/SCSS files, while files starting with a
letter or number are intended to be included by the HTML tag
``<link href="{% sass_src 'path/to/file.scss' %}" ...>``.

During development, or when ``SASS_PROCESSOR_ENABLED = True``, the compiled file is placed into the
folder referenced by ``SASS_PROCESSOR_ROOT`` (if unset, this setting defaults to ``STATIC_ROOT``).
Having a location outside of the working directory prevents to pollute your local ``static/css/...``
directories with auto-generated files. Therefore assure, that this directory is writable by the
Django runserver.

**django-sass-processor** is shipped with a special finder, to locate the generated ``*.css`` files
in the directory referred by ``SASS_PROCESSOR_ROOT`` (or, if unset ``STATIC_ROOT``). Just add it to
your ``settings.py``. If there is no ``STATICFILES_FINDERS`` in your ``settings.py`` don't forget
to include the **Django** [default finders](https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/stable/ref/settings/#std:setting-STATICFILES_FINDERS).

If the directory referred by ``SASS_PROCESSOR_ROOT`` does not exist, then **django-sass-processor**
creates it. This does does not apply, if ``SASS_PROCESSOR_ROOT`` is unset and hence defaults to
``STATIC_ROOT``. Therefore it is a good idea to otherwise use ``SASS_PROCESSOR_ROOT = STATIC_ROOT``
in your ``settings.py``.

```python
STATICFILES_FINDERS = [
'django.contrib.staticfiles.finders.FileSystemFinder',
'django.contrib.staticfiles.finders.AppDirectoriesFinder',
'sass_processor.finders.CssFinder',
...
]
```

#### Fine tune SASS compiler parameters in ``settings.py``.

Integer `SASS_PRECISION` sets floating point precision for output css. libsass'
default is ``5``. Note: **bootstrap-sass** requires ``8``, otherwise various
layout problems _will_ occur.
```python
SASS_PRECISION = 8
```

`SASS_OUTPUT_STYLE` sets coding style of the compiled result, one of ``compact``,
``compressed``, ``expanded``, or ``nested``. Default is ``nested`` for ``DEBUG``
and ``compressed`` in production.

Note: **libsass-python** 0.8.3 has [problem encoding result while saving on
Windows](https://github.com/dahlia/libsass-python/pull/82), the issue is already
fixed and will be included in future `pip` package release, in the meanwhile
avoid ``compressed`` output style.
```python
SASS_OUTPUT_STYLE = 'compact'
```

### Jinja2 support

`sass_processor.jinja2.ext.SassSrc` is a Jinja2 extension. Add it to your Jinja2 environment to enable the tag `sass_src`, there is no need for a `load` tag. Example of how to add your Jinja2 environment to Django:

In `settings.py`:
```python
TEMPLATES = [{
'BACKEND': 'django.template.backends.jinja2.Jinja2',
'DIRS': [],
'APP_DIRS': True,
'OPTIONS': {
'environment': 'yourapp.jinja2.environment'
},
...
}]
```

Make sure to add the default template backend, if you're still using Django templates elsewhere.
This is covered in the [Upgrading templates documentation](https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/stable/ref/templates/upgrading/).

In `yourapp/jinja2.py`:
```python
# Include this for Python 2.
from __future__ import absolute_import

from jinja2 import Environment


def environment(**kwargs):
extensions = [] if 'extensions' not in kwargs else kwargs['extensions']
extensions.append('sass_processor.jinja2.ext.SassSrc')
kwargs['extensions'] = extensions

return Environment(**kwargs)
```

If you want to make use of the `compilescss` command, then you will also have to add the following to your settings:
```python
from yourapp.jinja2 import environment

COMPRESS_JINJA2_GET_ENVIRONMENT = environment
```

## Usage

### In your Django templates

```django
{% load sass_tags %}

<link href="{% sass_src 'myapp/css/mystyle.scss' %}" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
```

The above template code will be rendered as HTML

```html
<link href="/static/myapp/css/mystyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
```

You can safely use this templatetag inside a Sekizai's ``{% addtoblock "css" %}`` statement.


### In Media classes or properties

In Python code, you can access the API of the SASS processor directly. This for instance is useful
in Django's admin or form framework.

```python
from sass_processor.processor import sass_processor

class SomeAdminOrFormClass(...):
...
class Media:
css = {
'all': [sass_processor('myapp/css/mystyle.scss')],
}
```


## Offline compilation

If you want to precompile all occurrences of your SASS/SCSS files for the whole project, on the
command line invoke:
```shell
./manage.py compilescss
```

This is useful for preparing production environments, where SASS/SCSS files can't be compiled on
the fly.

To simplify the deployment, the compiled ``*.css`` files are stored side-by-side with their
corresponding SASS/SCSS files. After compiling the files run
```shell
./manage.py collectstatic
```
as you would in a normal deployment.

In case you don't want to expose the SASS/SCSS files in a production environment,
deploy with:
```shell
./manage.py collectstatic --ignore=*.scss
```

To get rid of the compiled ``*.css`` files in your local static directories, simply reverse the
above command:
```shell
./manage.py compilescss --delete-files
```
This will remove all occurrences of previously generated ``*.css`` files.

Or you may compile results to the ``SASS_PROCESSOR_ROOT`` directory directy (if not specified - to
``STATIC_ROOT``):
```shell
./manage.py compilescss --use-processor-root
```
Combine with ``--delete-files`` switch to purge results from there.

If you use an alternative templating engine set its name in ``--engine`` argument. Currently
``django`` and ``jinja2`` are supported, see
[django-compressor documentation](http://django-compressor.readthedocs.org/en/latest/) on how to
set up ``COMPRESS_JINJA2_GET_ENVIRONMENT`` to configure jinja2 engine support.

During offline compilation **django-sass-processor** parses all Python files and looks for
invocations of ``sass_processor('path/to/sassfile.scss')``. Therefore the string specifying
the filename must be hard coded and shall not be concatenated or being somehow generated.


### Alternative templates

By default, **django-sass-processor** will locate SASS/SCSS files from .html templates,
but you can extend or override this behavior in your settings with:
```python
SASS_TEMPLATE_EXTS = ['.html','.jade']
```

## Configure SASS variables through settings.py

In SASS, a nasty problem is to set the correct include paths for icons and fonts. Normally this is
done through a ``_variables.scss`` file, but this inhibits a configuration through your projects
``settings.py``.

To avoid the need for duplicate configuration settings, **django-sass-processor** offers a SASS
function to fetch any arbitrary configuration directive from the project's ``settings.py``. This
is specially handy to set the include path of your Glyphicons font directory. Assume, Bootstrap-SASS
has been installed using:
```shell
npm install bootstrap-sass
```

then locate the directory named ``node_modules`` and add it to your settings, so that your fonts are
accessible through the Django's ``django.contrib.staticfiles.finders.FileSystemFinder``:

```python
STATICFILES_DIRS = [
...
('node_modules', '/path/to/your/project/node_modules/'),
...
]

NODE_MODULES_URL = STATIC_URL + 'node_modules/'
```

With the SASS function ``get-setting``, it now is possible to override any SASS variable with a
value configured in the project's ``settings.py``. For the Glyphicons font search path, add this
to your ``_variables.scss``:

```
$icon-font-path: unquote(get-setting(NODE_MODULES_URL) + "bootstrap-sass/assets/fonts/bootstrap/");
```

and ``@import "variables";`` whenever you need Glyphicons. You then can safely remove any font
references, such as ``<link href="/path/to/your/fonts/bootstrap/glyphicons-whatever.ttf" ...>``
from you HTML templates.


## Development

To run the tests locally, clone the repository, create a new virtualenv, activate it and then run
these commands:

```shell
cd django-sass-processor
pip install tox
tox
```

## Changelog

* 0.5.6
- Added compatibility layer to work with AWS S3 Storage.


* 0.5.5
- Create directory ``SASS_PROCESSOR_ROOT`` if it does not exist.

* 0.5.4
- Added unit tests and continuous integration to the project.


* 0.5.3
- Fixed compilescss: Did not find calls of sass_processor within a dict, list or tuple

* 0.5.2
- Fixed Python 3 incompatibility. Open files as binaries, since they may contain unicode characters.

* 0.5.1
- Add ``APPS_INCLUDE_DIRS`` to the SASS include path.

* 0.5.0
- SASS/SCSS files can also be referenced in pure Python files, for instance in ``Media`` class or
``media`` property definitions.
- The SASS processor will look for potential include directories, so that the ``@import "..."``
statement also works for SASS files located in other Django apps.

* 0.4.0 - 0.4.4
- Refactored the sass processor into a self-contained class ``SassProcessor``, which can be accessed
through an API, the Jinja2 template engine and the existing templatetag.

* 0.3.5
- Added Jinja2 support, see [Jinja2 support](#jinja2-support).

* 0.3.4
- Fixed: ``get_template_sources()`` in Django-1.9 returns Objects rather than strings.
- In command, use ``ArgumentParser`` rather than ``OptionParser``.

* 0.3.1...0.3.3
- Changed the build process in ``setup.py``.

* 0.3.0
- Compatible with Django 1.8+.
- bootstrap3-sass ready: appropriate floating point precision (8) can be set in ``settings.py``.
- Offline compilation results may optionally be stored in ``SASS_PROCESSOR_ROOT``.

* 0.2.6
- Hotfix: added SASS function ``get-setting`` also to offline compiler.

* 0.2.5
- Compatible with Python3
- Replaced ``SortedDict`` with ``OrderedDict`` to be prepared for Django-1.9
- Raise a ``TemplateSyntax`` error, if a SASS ``@include "..."`` fails to find the file.
- Added SASS function ``get-setting`` to fetch configuration directives from ``settings.py``.

* 0.2.4
- Forcing compiled unicode to bytes, since 'Font Awesome' uses Unicode Private Use Area (PUA)
and hence implicit conversion on ``fh.write()`` failed.

* 0.2.3
- Allow for setting template extensions and output style.
- Force Django to calculate template_source_loaders from TEMPLATE_LOADERS settings, by asking to find a dummy template.

* 0.2.0
- Removed dependency to **django-sekizai** and **django-classy-tags**. It now can operate in
stand-alone mode. Therefore the project has been renamed to **django-sass-processor**.

* 0.1.0
- Initial revision named **django-sekizai-processors**, based on a preprocessor for the Sekizai
template tags ``{% addtoblock %}``.
Release History

Release History

This version
History Node

0.5.6

History Node

0.5.5

History Node

0.5.4

History Node

0.5.3

History Node

0.5.2

History Node

0.5.1

History Node

0.5.0

History Node

0.4.6

History Node

0.4.5

History Node

0.4.4

History Node

0.4.3

History Node

0.4.2

History Node

0.4.1

History Node

0.4.0

History Node

0.3.5

History Node

0.3.4

History Node

0.3.3

History Node

0.3.2

History Node

0.3.1

History Node

0.3.0

History Node

0.2.6

History Node

0.2.5

History Node

0.2.4

History Node

0.2.3

History Node

0.2.2

Download Files

Download Files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

File Name & Checksum SHA256 Checksum Help Version File Type Upload Date
django-sass-processor-0.5.6.tar.gz (23.5 kB) Copy SHA256 Checksum SHA256 Source Nov 21, 2017

Supported By

WebFaction WebFaction Technical Writing Elastic Elastic Search Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Dyn Dyn DNS Sentry Sentry Error Logging CloudAMQP CloudAMQP RabbitMQ Heroku Heroku PaaS Kabu Creative Kabu Creative UX & Design Fastly Fastly CDN DigiCert DigiCert EV Certificate Rackspace Rackspace Cloud Servers DreamHost DreamHost Log Hosting