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Tweak the form field rendering in templates, not in python-level form definitions.

Project description

Jazzband PyPI Version Build Status

Tweak the form field rendering in templates, not in python-level form definitions. Altering CSS classes and HTML attributes is supported.

That should be enough for designers to customize field presentation (using CSS and unobtrusive javascript) without touching python code.

License is MIT.

Installation

You can get Django Widget Tweaks by using pip:

$ pip install django-widget-tweaks

To enable widget_tweaks in your project you need to add it to INSTALLED_APPS in your projects settings.py file:

INSTALLED_APPS = [
    ...
    'widget_tweaks',
    ...
]

Usage

This app provides two sets of tools that may be used together or standalone:

  1. a render_field template tag for customizing form fields by using an HTML-like syntax.
  2. several template filters for customizing form field HTML attributes and CSS classes

The render_field tag should be easier to use and should make form field customizations much easier for designers and front-end developers.

The template filters are more powerful than the render_field tag, but they use a more complex and less HTML-like syntax.

render_field

This is a template tag that can be used as an alternative to aforementioned filters. This template tag renders a field using a syntax similar to plain HTML attributes.

Example:

{% load widget_tweaks %}

<!-- change input type (e.g. to HTML5) -->
{% render_field form.search_query type="search" %}

<!-- add/change several attributes -->
{% render_field form.text rows="20" cols="20" title="Hello, world!" %}

<!-- append to an attribute -->
{% render_field form.title class+="css_class_1 css_class_2" %}

<!-- template variables can be used as attribute values -->
{% render_field form.text placeholder=form.text.label %}

<!-- double colon -->
{% render_field form.search_query v-bind::class="{active:isActive}" %}

For fields rendered with {% render_field %} tag it is possible to set error class and required fields class by using WIDGET_ERROR_CLASS and WIDGET_REQUIRED_CLASS template variables:

{% with WIDGET_ERROR_CLASS='my_error' WIDGET_REQUIRED_CLASS='my_required' %}
    {% render_field form.field1 %}
    {% render_field form.field2 %}
    {% render_field form.field3 %}
{% endwith %}

You can be creative with these variables: e.g. a context processor could set a default CSS error class on all fields rendered by {% render_field %}.

attr

Adds or replaces any single html attribute for the form field.

Examples:

{% load widget_tweaks %}

<!-- change input type (e.g. to HTML5) -->
{{ form.search_query|attr:"type:search" }}

<!-- add/change several attributes -->
{{ form.text|attr:"rows:20"|attr:"cols:20"|attr:"title:Hello, world!" }}

<!-- attributes without parameters -->
{{ form.search_query|attr:"autofocus" }}


<!-- attributes with double colon Vuejs output: v-bind:class="{active:ValueEnabled}" -->
{{ form.search_query|attr:"v-bind::class:{active:ValueEnabled}" }}

add_class

Adds CSS class to field element. Split classes by whitespace in order to add several classes at once.

Example:

{% load widget_tweaks %}

<!-- add 2 extra css classes to field element -->
{{ form.title|add_class:"css_class_1 css_class_2" }}

set_data

Sets HTML5 data attribute ( http://ejohn.org/blog/html-5-data-attributes/ ). Useful for unobtrusive javascript. It is just a shortcut for ‘attr’ filter that prepends attribute names with ‘data-‘ string.

Example:

{% load widget_tweaks %}

<!-- data-filters:"OverText" will be added to input field -->
{{ form.title|set_data:"filters:OverText" }}

append_attr

Appends attribute value with extra data.

Example:

{% load widget_tweaks %}

<!-- add 2 extra css classes to field element -->
{{ form.title|append_attr:"class:css_class_1 css_class_2" }}

‘add_class’ filter is just a shortcut for ‘append_attr’ filter that adds values to the ‘class’ attribute.

add_label_class

The same as add_class but adds css class to form labels.

Example:

{% load widget_tweaks %}

<!-- add 2 extra css classes to field label element -->
{{ form.title|add_label_class:"label_class_1 label_class_2" }}

add_error_class

The same as ‘add_class’ but adds css class only if validation failed for the field (field.errors is not empty).

Example:

{% load widget_tweaks %}

<!-- add 'error-border' css class on field error -->
{{ form.title|add_error_class:"error-border" }}

add_error_attr

The same as ‘attr’ but sets an attribute only if validation failed for the field (field.errors is not empty). This can be useful when dealing with accessibility:

{% load widget_tweaks %}

<!-- add aria-invalid="true" attribute on field error -->
{{ form.title|add_error_attr:"aria-invalid:true" }}

field_type and widget_type

'field_type' and 'widget_type' are template filters that return field class name and field widget class name (in lower case).

Example:

{% load widget_tweaks %}

<div class="field {{ field|field_type }} {{ field|widget_type }} {{ field.html_name }}">
    {{ field }}
</div>

Output:

<div class="field charfield textinput name">
    <input id="id_name" type="text" name="name" maxlength="100" />
</div>

Mixing render_field and filters

The render_field tag and filters mentioned above can be mixed.

Example:

{% render_field form.category|append_attr:"readonly:readonly" type="text" placeholder="Category" %}

returns:

<input name="category" placeholder="Profession" readonly="readonly" type="text">

Filter chaining

The order django-widget-tweaks filters apply may seem counter-intuitive (leftmost filter wins):

{{ form.simple|attr:"foo:bar"|attr:"foo:baz" }}

returns:

<input foo="bar" type="text" name="simple" id="id_simple" />

It is not a bug, it is a feature that enables creating reusable templates with overridable defaults.

Reusable field template example:

{# inc/field.html #}
{% load widget_tweaks %}
<div>{{ field|attr:"foo:default_foo" }}</div>

Example usage:

{# my_template.html #}
{% load widget_tweaks %}
<form method='POST' action=''> {% csrf_token %}
    {% include "inc/field.html" with field=form.title %}
    {% include "inc/field.html" with field=form.description|attr:"foo:non_default_foo" %}
</form>

With ‘rightmost filter wins’ rule it wouldn’t be possible to override |attr:"foo:default_foo" in main template.

Contributing

If you’ve found a bug, implemented a feature or have a suggestion, do not hesitate to contact me, fire an issue or send a pull request.

Testing

Make sure you have tox installed, then type

tox

from the source checkout.

NOT SUPPORTED

MultiWidgets: SplitDateTimeWidget, SplitHiddenDateTimeWidget

Changes

1.4.5 (2019-06-08)

  • Fix rST formatting errors.

1.4.4 (2019-06-05)

  • Add support for type attr.
  • Add Python 3.7 and drop Python 3.3 support.
  • Add support for double colon syntax.

1.4.3 (2018-09-6)

  • Added add_label_class filter for CSS on form labels
  • Removed compatibility code for unsupported Django versions
  • Fixed support for non-value attributes in Django < 1.8
  • Support non-value attributes in HTML5 by setting their value to True

1.4.2 (2018-03-19)

  • update readme to make installation more clear
  • shallow copy field before updating attributes
  • drop Python 2.6 and Python 3.2 support
  • always cast the result of render to a string
  • fix import for django >= 2.0
  • moved to jazzband

1.4.1 (2015-06-29)

  • fixed a regression in django-widget-tweaks v1.4 (the field is no longer deep copied).

1.4 (2015-06-27)

  • Django 1.7, 1.8 and 1.9 support;
  • setup.py is switched to setuptools;
  • testing improvements;
  • Python 3.4 support is added;
  • Python 2.5 is not longer supported;
  • bitbucket repository is no longer supported (development is moved to github).

1.3 (2013-04-05)

  • added support for WIDGET_ERROR_CLASS and WIDGET_REQUIRED_CLASS template variables that affect {% render_field %}.

1.2 (2013-03-23)

  • new add_error_attr template filter;
  • testing improvements.

1.1.2 (2012-06-06)

  • support for template variables is added to render_field tag;
  • new field_type and widget_type filters.

1.1.1 (2012-03-22)

  • some issues with render_field tag are fixed.

1.1 (2012-03-22)

  • render_field template tag.

1.0 (2012-02-06)

  • filters return empty strings instead of raising exceptions if field is missing;
  • test running improvements;
  • python 3 support;
  • undocumented ‘behave’ filter is removed.

0.3 (2011-03-04)

  • add_error_class filter.

0.2.1 (2011-02-03)

  • Attributes customized in widgets are preserved;
  • no more extra whitespaces;
  • tests;

0.1 (2011-01-12)

Initial release.

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