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Buildout recipes for django development

Project description

© 2014-2020 Thomas Khyn

Buildout recipes for django development


The recipes available in djangorecipebook are mostly derived from djangorecipe’s functionalities. However, while djangorecipe aims at generating all scripts in one part, djangorecipebook enables you to define one part per script (create, manage, wsgi, test, makemigrations), hence allowing the use of different settings and/or eggs for each part.

Through its automatic minimal settings generation, djangorecipebook is particularly adapted to reusable apps development, e.g. for testing or maintenance (migrations generation).

djangorecipebook works with django 2.2 and 3.0 and relevant python versions (3.5 to 3.8, depending on django version).

If you like djangorecipebook and find it useful, you may want to thank me and encourage future development by sending a few mBTC / mBCH / mBSV at this address: 1EwENyR8RV6tMc1hsLTkPURtn5wJgaBfG9.

Available recipes


Creates a management script for the project


Creates a wsgi script for the project


Creates a gunicorn service launcher for the project


Creates a script that invokes test [apps], or pytest

djangorecipebook:makemigrations (new in v1.2)

Generates Django migrations If you need to generate south migrations for Django < 1.7, you need to use djangorecipe 1.2.x or 1.3.x

djangorecipebook:migrate (new in v1.2)

Invokes migrate [apps]. For the lazy ones.


Creates a django project from a user-defined template or using django’s startproject management command. This recipe will not generate any script. The name of the created project is the name of the section.


Common options


The directory where the project files lie, relative to the buildout.cfg directory.

Defaults to '.' (buildout directory).


The settings module to load, imported from the project directory.

Defaults to 'settings' or a set of minimal settings, depending on the recipe.


Paths to add to sys.path in the generated script.

Defaults to [].


Any environment variable that need to be set for the test run, one per line, under the form VARIABLE = value (spaces are tolerated).

Defaults to no environment variable set.


Some (basic) python initialization code to insert in the generated script. Don’t forget that leading whitespaces are stripped.

Defaults to ''.

Manage options


If a settings module is not provided, the settings will be a set of minimal parameters, with the added installed apps below.

Defaults to minimal settings.


The apps to add to the INSTALLED_APPS setting if no settings module is provided. This option should not be used when a settings module is provided.

Defaults to ''.


The management command to run, if any.

Defaults to no command (and in that case the args option is disabled).


Any command-line argument you wish to have added to the generated script, separated by spaces or line-breaks.

Defaults to no arguments.

WSGI and gunicorn options


Must be a settings module, no default minimal settings are available for these recipes.


The path to a log file where all stdout and/or stderr data should be redirected to.

Defaults to '', which disables logging


The level to log errors for. Can be one of INFO (stdout + stderr) or ERROR (stderr only).

Defaults to INFO.


The virtualenv that should be used to run the wsgi script. This requires virtualenv and virtualenvwrapper, as it relies upon the WORKON_HOME environment variable.

Defaults to '', which disables any virtual environment setup.


The desired output path of the script, as a path to a filename relative to the buildout directory (= where the buildout.cfg file lies).

Defaults to buildout’s bin directory with the recipe’s name.

application (wsgi and gunicorn only)

Used with the wsgi recipe, it is the dotted path to a user-defined wsgi application, and defaults to the result of django’s get_wsgi_application().

Used with the gunicorn recipe, it can be:
  • unspecified (default), which means that the gunicorn script must be called with an parameter defining the WSGI application

  • a path/to/a/wsgi:application. The gunicorn script will set the current working directory to path/to/a and use wsgi:application as the application parameter

  • auto. The recipe will automatically generate a wsgi module using the provided settings, log-file and log-level, and the gunicorn script will refer to that module

Test options


Replaces `nose` option from version 1.3

Use this option if you are using nose (and therefore django_nose) to test your Django app or project. This will simply include django_nose and nose in your buildout.

Defaults to unset.


The working directory to launch the tests from.

Defaults to the current


See Manage options.

settings, inst_apps

See Manage options. Note that the command option is disabled. Not available when using pytest.


The names of the apps that should be tested, separated by spaces or line-breaks. If using minimal settings, these apps will be added to the INSTALLED_APPS (in addition to those in the inst_apps option).

Defaults to '', all the apps in INSTALLED_APPS. Not available when using runner = pytest

Makemigrations options

settings, inst_apps, args

See Manage options. Note that the command option is disabled.


The names of the apps for which migrations should be generated, separated by spaces or line-breaks. If using minimal settings, these apps will be added to the INSTALLED_APPS (in addition to those in the inst_apps option).

Defaults to '', all the apps in INSTALLED_APPS

Migrate options

Same options as in Test options. The only difference is that you cannot use minimal settings (the default is 'settings') nor the inst_apps option. Indeed, migrations generally need a database to migrate!

Create options

In create mode, the following common options are unused:

  • extra-paths

  • initialization

The settings import path must be set as it is used to determine whether the project has already been created or not.

The following options are added:


The directories in which to search for user-defined project templates. This option may also be added in a [djangorecipebook] section (for example in the default.cfg file). See the Templates discovery section below.

Defaults to the built-in templates directory, containing default django project templates.


The template that should be used.

Defaults to the standard django project for the major version of django you are using.


The SECRET_KEY to be used in the created settings file(s).

Defaults to a randomly generated alphanumeric key.

For more details on templating, see the Templates section below.


In create mode, a templating engine is available for greater personalisation of your django project initialization.

Templates discovery

If a template-dirs option is found either in the recipe section or in a specific djangorecipebook section, the recipe searches in these directories - from the last defined to the first - for a subdirectory name matching the template name provided.

If the search is unsuccessful or if none of template-dirs or template are defined, the recipe uses the default template for the major version of django being used.

For example, if in ~/.buildout/default.cfg you have the following lines:

template-dirs =

And your buildout.cfg contains this section:

recipe = djangorecipebook:create
template-dirs = /my/other/template/dir
template = mytemplate

The recipe will search for a mytemplate directory in that order:

  1. /my/other/template/dir

  2. /my/project/template/directory2

  3. /my/project/template/directory

Template engine

The template engine is as simple as it can be and relies upon pythons’s string.Template. A variable can be inserted in any file or directory name or file content in template directory using the syntax ${variable}.

The following variables are available:

  • any user-defined recipe option from the configuration file

  • secret: the secret key for django settings

  • project_name: the project name (= the section name)

  • year: the current year

  • month: the current month

  • day: the current day of the month

For example, if you have in buildout.cfg:

recipe = djangorecipebook:create
template = mytemplate
author = Thomas Khyn

for a copyright notice in a module docstring, you may use:

(c) ${year} ${author}

which will produce to the following output in the final file (if we are in 2014):

(c) 2014 Thomas Khyn

or, if you have a directory named ${project_name}_parameters, the final name will be mynewproject_parameters.

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