A (still small) repository of mockup objects for Zope  tests.
This is a (still small) repository with mockup objects to be used in testsuites for Zope 2 applications and application components.
Usually, the ZODB (Zope Object Database) handles persistency transparently. However, there are important exceptions: when a mutable attribute of a persistent object is modified via its methods, the ZODB does not know about these modifications. Without special measures, such modifications are not persisted or persisted non-deterministically. Such persistency bugs are difficult to detect and, therefore, should be explicitely tested against. This module defines a ZODB mockup connection which facilitates such tests.
The mockup connection has the following special methods:
- get_state (obj)
return the current state of obj to be used later in verify_state.
As side effect, obj is registered with (added to) the connection (if necessary).
- verify_state (state)
state must have been obtained by a previous call to get_state. The call verifies that all modifications to the respective obj or its subcomponents are correctly registered with the ZODB. It raises an AssertionError with relevant information about the failing persistent subobjects.
As side effect, new persistent subobjects encountered during the verification are registered with (added to) the connection.
Due to http://bugs.python.org/issue12596, this currently works unreliably: Python 2.7 has introduced a (minor) optimization which suppresses BINPUT pickle instructions in some (rare) cases. As verify_state compares the historical pickle and the current one in order to detect modifications, this bug lets see it changes where there are none. The current release tries to work around this problem by not comparing the pickles verbatim but checking for equivalence modulo *PUT operations. The implemented equivalence is not perfect (e.g. it does not recognize that dumps(("spam", "spam"), 2) and dumps(("spaml"[:-1], "spaml"[:-1]), 2) are equivalent) but it might be sufficient for practical use.
- emulate_commit ()
- performs a savepoint which has similar effects as commit but will be undone by the next transaction abort.
The module’s get_mockup_connection``() returns a mockup connection. Behind this is a ``DemoStorage (i.e. a storage storing its state in memory). In fact, get_mockup_connection returns a singleton connection, [re]opened, associated with its own TransactionManager in an aborted transaction.
Following is typical test example:
>>> # elementary setup ... from persistent import Persistent >>> from dm.zope.mockup.zodb import get_mockup_connection >>> >>> class P(Persistent): ... def __init__(self, id): self.id = id ... # to get predictable output ... def __repr__(self): return self.id ... >>> # work around for "python setup.py test" peculiarity ... import __builtin__; __builtin__.P = P >>> >>> c = get_mockup_connection() >>> obj = P('obj')
>>> # normal attribute assignment ... state = c.get_state(obj) >>> obj.l =  >>> c.verify_state(state)
>>> # get_mockup_connection aborts the transaction ... # in our case, it does not change the state of "obj" as ... # this was newly created ... obj._p_changed True >>> c = get_mockup_connection() >>> obj._p_changed False
>>> # unregistered modification of mutable attribute ... state = c.get_state(obj) >>> obj.l.append(1) >>> c.verify_state(state) Traceback (most recent call last): ... AssertionError: ('unregistered modifications', [obj])
>>> # registered modification of mutable attribute ... state = c.get_state(obj) >>> obj._p_changed = True >>> obj.l.append(1) >>> c.verify_state(state)
>>> # the same works for persistent subobjects as well ... c = get_mockup_connection() >>> >>> obj0 = P('obj0') >>> obj = obj0.obj = P('obj') >>> >>> state = c.get_state(obj0) >>> obj.l =  >>> c.verify_state(state) >>> c.emulate_commit() >>> >>> state = c.get_state(obj0) >>> obj.l.append(1) >>> c.verify_state(state) Traceback (most recent call last): ... AssertionError: ('unregistered modifications', [obj]) >>> >>> state = c.get_state(obj0) >>> obj._p_changed = True >>> obj.l.append(1) >>> c.verify_state(state)