Skip to main content

DOM Notation JS

Project description

dnjs

dnjs is a pure subset of JavaScript that wants to replace (across many host languages):

  • overly limiting/baroque configuration languages
  • mucky string based html/xml templating

It is powerful yet familiar, and the reduced syntax makes it easy to implement (the reference implementation in Python took a couple of days to write) and easy to reason about. Currently the state is very alpha - see the TODO at the end.

╔══════════════════════════════╗
║ ╔═══════════════╗            ║
║ ║ ╔══════╗      ║            ║
║ ║ ║ JSON ║ dnjs ║ JavaScript ║
║ ║ ╚══════╝      ║            ║
║ ╚═══════════════╝            ║
╚══════════════════════════════╝

Installing the reference interpreter

pip install dnjs
dnjs --help

Examples

Some of these examples reference other files in the examples folder.

For configuration:

import { environments } from "./global.dn.js"

// names of the services to deploy
const serviceNames = ["signup", "account"]

const makeService = (environment, serviceName) => ({
    name: serviceName,
    ip: environment === environments.PROD ? "189.34.0.4" : "127.0.0.1"
})

export default (environment) => serviceNames.map(
    (v, i) => makeService(environment, v)
)

Let's use the reference implementation written in Python to run these (this also has a Python API documented below):

dnjs examples/configuration.dn.js examples/environment.json | jq

Gives us:

[
  {
    "name": "signup",
    "ip": "127.0.0.1"
  },
  {
    "name": "account",
    "ip": "127.0.0.1"
  }
]

For html templating

dnjs prescribes functions for making html, that handily are a subset of mithril (this makes it possible to write powerful, reusable cross-language html components).

Given the file commentsPage.dn.js:

import m from "mithril"

import { page } from "./basePage.dn.js"

const commentList = (comments) => m("ul",
    comments.map((comment, i) => m("li", `Comment ${i} says: ${comment.text}`))
)

export default (comments) => page(commentList(comments))

Then in a python webserver we can render the file as html:

from dnjs import render

@app.route("/some-route"):
def some_route():
    ...
    return render("commentsPage.dn.js", comments)

And the endpoint will return:

<html>
    <head>
        <script src="someScript.js">
        </script>
    </head>
    <body>
        <ul>
            <li>
                Comment 0 says: hiya!
            </li>
            <li>
                Comment 1 says: oioi
            </li>
        </ul>
    </body>
</html>

Or we can use the same components on the frontend with mithril:

import page from "../commentsPage.dn.js"
...
m.mount(document.body, page)

Or we can render the html on the command line similar to before:

dnjs examples/commentsPage.dn.js examples/comments.json --html

Note, that without the --html flag, we still make the following JSON, the conversion to html is a post-processing stage:

{
  "tag": "html",
  "attrs": {
    "className": ""
  },
  "children": [
    {
      "tag": "head",
      "attrs": {
...

For css templating

Using --css will post-process eg:

export default {
  ".bold": {"font-weight": "bold"},
  ".red": {"color": "red"},
}

to:

.bold {
    font-weight: bold;
}
.red {
    color: red;
}

As a jq replacement

JSON='[{foo: 1, bar: "one"}, {foo: 2, bar: "two"}]'
echo $JSON | dnjs - -p 'a=>a.map(b=>[b.bar, b.foo])'
[["one", 1], ["two", 2]]

csv

echo $JSON | dnjs - -p 'a=>a.map(b=>[b.bar, b.foo])' --csv
"one",1
"two",2

csv, raw

echo $JSON | dnjs - -p 'a=>a.map(b=>[b.bar, b.foo])' --csv --raw
one,1
two,2

jsonl

(While dnjs is implemented in python, this is very slow).

JSON='{foo: 1, bar: "one"}\n{foo: 2, bar: "two"}'
echo $JSON | while read l; do echo $l | dnjs - -p 'a=>a.bar' --raw; done
one
two

Flattening

Remember, you can flatten arrays with:

.reduce((a, b)=>[...a, ...b], [])

How exactly does dnjs extend JSON?

Remember dnjs is a restriction of JavaScript, the aim is not to implement all of it, any more than JSON is.

Here are all the extensions to JSON:

  • Comments with //.
  • Optional trailing commas.
  • Unquoted keys in objects.
  • import { c } from "./b.dn.js", import b from "./b.dn.js". Non-local imports are simply ignored (so as to allow importing m as anything).
  • export default a, export const b = c.
  • dicts and lists can be splatted with rest syntax: {...a}/[...a].
  • Functions can be defined with const f = (a, b) => c syntax. Brackets are not required for one argument, functions are called with the number of arguments provided.
  • Ternary expressions, only in the form a === b ? c : d. Equality should be implemented however JavaScript does.
  • Map, filter, reduce, map over dict, dict from entries, in the form a.map((v, i) => b), a.filter((v, i) => b), a.reduce((x, y) => [...x, ...y], []), Object.entries(a).map(([k, v], i) => b), Object.fromEntries(a).
  • Hyperscript, somewhat compatible with mithril - m("sometag#some-id.some-class.other-class", {"href": "foo.js", "class": ["another-class"]}, children), this evaluates to dicts like {"tag": "sometag", "attrs": {"id": "some-id", className: "some-class other-class another-class", "href": "foo.js", "children": children}. m.trust(a) to not escape html.
  • Multiline templates in the form `foo ${a}`, dedent(`foo ${a}`). dedent should work the same as this npm package.
  • Lists have .length, .includes(a) attributes.

Name

Originally the name stood for DOM Notation JavaScript.

Python

API

These functions return JSON-able data:

from dnjs import get_default_export, get_named_export

get_default_export(path)
get_named_export(path, name)

This function returns html as a str:

from dnjs import render

render(path, *values)

The types used throughout dnjs are fairly simple dataclasss , there's not much funny stuff going on in the code - check it out!

Development

Install dev requirements with:

pip install -r requirements-dev.txt

Run tests with:

pytest

Pin requirements with:

pip-compile -q; cat requirements.in requirements-dev.in | pip-compile -q --output-file=requirements-dev.txt -

Rebuild and publish (after upversioning) with:

# up version setup.py
rm dist/*; python setup.py sdist bdist_wheel; twine upload dist/*

JS

Javascript validation library to follow - see TODO section below.

Run tests with:

npm install
npm test

TODO

  • Use on something real to iron out bugs.
  • Spec out weird behaviour + make the same as js:
    • numbers
    • ===
  • Nicer docs:
    • Write up why we don't need filters like | to_human.
  • Consider onclick, onkeydown, on... functions... and how we want to handle them / attach them on reaching the browser in a isomophic setup.
  • Decide what else should be added:
    • Common string functions like upper case, replace etc?
    • parseInt etc..
  • Standalone (in c/rust/go? with Python bindings) to JSON program.
  • Write JS library that simply wraps mithril render and has a dnjs.isValid(path) function that uses the grammar (doing this may involve removing some lark-specific bits in the grammar.
  • Typescript support?
  • Consider what prevents dnjs from becoming a data interchange format - eg. infinite recursion. --safe mode? Specify PATHs that it's permitted to import from.
  • Allow importing JSON using Experimental JSON modules](https://nodejs.org/api/esm.html#esm_experimental_json_modules).
  • Remove accidental non-js compatability - eg. template grammar is a bit wacky.

Project details


Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Source Distribution

dnjs-0.0.12.tar.gz (24.2 kB view hashes)

Uploaded source

Built Distribution

dnjs-0.0.12-py3-none-any.whl (24.8 kB view hashes)

Uploaded py3

Supported by

AWS AWS Cloud computing Datadog Datadog Monitoring Facebook / Instagram Facebook / Instagram PSF Sponsor Fastly Fastly CDN Google Google Object Storage and Download Analytics Huawei Huawei PSF Sponsor Microsoft Microsoft PSF Sponsor NVIDIA NVIDIA PSF Sponsor Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Salesforce Salesforce PSF Sponsor Sentry Sentry Error logging StatusPage StatusPage Status page