Skip to main content

Docker Interactive Shell Runner

Project description

Docker Interactive Shell Runner

The docker-shell command makes it quick and easy to start an interactive shell inside a Docker container, with the following features:

  • Both Windows and Linux containers are supported.

  • The current working directory is automatically bind-mounted into the container and set as the container's working directory.

  • When running Linux containers under Linux host systems, host networking mode is enabled automatically to eliminate the need for exposing individual ports or port ranges.

  • GPU support is automatically enabled when running GPU-enabled Linux containers under Linux host systems with the NVIDIA binary drivers and the NVIDIA Container Toolkit installed.

  • Short aliases are provided for running popular shells:

Contents

Requirements

  • One of Docker's supported operating systems (with the additional minimum requirement of version 1809 or newer for Windows systems):

    • Linux: 64-bit version of one of Docker's supported Linux distributions (CentOS 7+, Debian 7.7+, Fedora 26+, Ubuntu 14.04+)
    • macOS: macOS 10.10.3 Yosemite or newer running on 2010 or newer model Mac hardware
    • Windows 10: 64-bit Windows 10 Pro/Enterprise/Education version 1809 or newer, or 64-bit Windows 10 Home version 2004 or newer with WSL2
    • Windows Server: Windows Server 2019 / Windows Server version 1809 or newer
  • An appropriate Docker installation for your operating system:

  • Python version 3.5 or newer

Installation

To install docker-shell, run the following command:

# This may need to be prefixed with sudo under Linux and macOS
pip3 install docker-shell

Usage

Basic usage

To start a GNU Bash shell in an official Python container under Windows, macOS or Linux, run either of the following commands:

# Long version
docker-shell bash python

# Short version
dbash python

To start a Windows Command Prompt in a Windows Server Core container under Windows, run either of the following commands:

# Long version
docker-shell cmd mcr.microsoft.com/windows/servercore:ltsc2019

# Short version
dcmd mcr.microsoft.com/windows/servercore:ltsc2019

To start a PowerShell session in a Windows Server Core container under Windows, run any of the following commands:

# Long version
docker-shell powershell mcr.microsoft.com/windows/servercore:ltsc2019

# Short versions
dps mcr.microsoft.com/windows/servercore:ltsc2019
dpowershell mcr.microsoft.com/windows/servercore:ltsc2019

Passing additional flags to Docker

Any additional flags that are specified on the command-line will be propagated automatically to the underlying docker run command:

# The flags `-u 1000 --name mycontainer` will be passed directly to Docker
docker-shell bash python -u 1000 --name mycontainer

Working with alias tags

When working with lengthy image tags it is often more convenient to use the docker tag command to create concise aliases, for example:

# Add a shorter tag alias for the Windows Server Core image
docker tag mcr.microsoft.com/windows/servercore:ltsc2019 windows:latest

# Run a Windows Command Prompt using the short tag
dcmd windows

Specifying additional options using image labels

If there are bind mounts or command-line flags that you always use when running a particular image then you can specify these using image labels in your Dockerfile and docker-shell will apply them automatically:

FROM my-base-image

# The directory specified by the environment variable `SOMEVAR` will be bind-mounted irrespective of the host platform
LABEL docker-shell.mounts.1="\$SOMEVAR:/data"

# The named volume specified by the special `VOLUME` variable (see below for details) will be bind-mounted irrespective of the host platform
LABEL docker-shell.mounts.2="\$VOLUME:/project-data"

# The current user's Desktop directory will be bind-mounted irrespective of the host platform
LABEL docker-shell.mounts.3="~/Desktop:/desktop"

# This specific user's Desktop directory will be bind-mounted only when running on Linux hosts
LABEL docker-shell.linux.mounts.1="/home/user/Desktop:/user-desktop"

# This specific user's Desktop directory will be bind-mounted only when running on macOS hosts
LABEL docker-shell.mac.mounts.1="/Users/user/Desktop:/user-desktop"

# This specific user's Desktop directory will be bind-mounted only when running on Windows hosts
LABEL docker-shell.windows.mounts.1="C:/Users/User/Desktop:/user-desktop"

# The command-line flags `-u 1000` will be applied irrespective of the host platform
LABEL docker-shell.args.1="-u"
LABEL docker-shell.args.2="1000"

# The command-line flags `--priveleged` will be applied only when running on Linux hosts
LABEL docker-shell.linux.args.1="--priveleged"

# The command-line flags `-m 1GB` will be applied only when running on macOS hosts
LABEL docker-shell.mac.args.1="-m"
LABEL docker-shell.mac.args.2="1GB"

# The command-line flags `-m 2GB` will be applied only when running on Windows hosts
LABEL docker-shell.windows.args.1="-m"
LABEL docker-shell.windows.args.2="2GB"

Special variables available for use in labels

When specifying additional options via image labels, the following special variables are supported:

  • CWD: resolves to the current working directory on the host system
  • HOSTIP: resolves to the IP address of the host system on the local network, or 127.0.0.1 if no network interfaces are available
  • VOLUME: resolves to the SHA-256 hash of the absolute path to the current working directory on the host system, suitable for use as a volume name when you want to associate data with a particular project but don't want to store files on the host filesystem for performance or compatibility reasons

Automatic Docker daemon selection under Windows 10

When running Docker Desktop under Windows 10, docker-shell can automatically switch between Windows containers mode and Linux containers mode based on the specified shell. (Windows containers mode is used for cmd and powershell, whilst Linux containers mode is used for all other shells.) Because this behaviour alters system state and may be considered intrusive, it is disabled by default. To enable automatic daemon selection, set the environment variable DOCKERSHELL_WINDOWS_AUTO_SELECT to 1.

Legal

Copyright © 2020, Adam Rehn. Licensed under the MIT License, see the file LICENSE for details.

Project details


Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Files for docker-shell, version 0.0.8
Filename, size File type Python version Upload date Hashes
Filename, size docker_shell-0.0.8-py3-none-any.whl (11.4 kB) File type Wheel Python version py3 Upload date Hashes View

Supported by

AWS AWS Cloud computing Datadog Datadog Monitoring DigiCert DigiCert EV certificate Facebook / Instagram Facebook / Instagram PSF Sponsor Fastly Fastly CDN Google Google Object Storage and Download Analytics Microsoft Microsoft PSF Sponsor Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Salesforce Salesforce PSF Sponsor Sentry Sentry Error logging StatusPage StatusPage Status page