This is a pre-production deployment of Warehouse. Changes made here affect the production instance of PyPI (pypi.python.org).
Help us improve Python packaging - Donate today!

A simple Python module for common Active Directory authentication and lookup tasks

Project Description

A simple Python module for common Active Directory authentication and lookup tasks

Copyright 2016 Sean Whalen

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.

Why?

Most LDAP solutions for Python and/or Flask focus in being generic LDAP interfaces. It’s up to the developer to understand and work around the quirks of Active Directory. This module aims to reduce the complexity and development time for Python-powered applications that securely interface with Active Directory.

Features

  • Python 2 and 3 support
  • Unicode support
  • Authenticate user credentials via direct bind
  • Quickly test if a user is a member of a group, including nested groups
  • Query user and group attributes
  • Simple user and group search
  • Get all groups that a user is a member of, including nested groups
  • Get a list of all group member users, including from nested groups
  • Options to automatically convert binary data into base64 for JSON-safe output

Installing

First, install the system dependencies

$ sudo apt-get install libsasl2-dev python3-dev python3-pip libldap2-dev libssl-dev

Then

$ sudo pip3 install -U easyad

Example uses

from __future__ import unicode_literals, print_function

from getpass import getpass
from json import dumps

from easyad import EasyAD

# Workaround to make input() return a string in Python 2 like it does in Python 3
# It's 2016...you should really be using Python 3
try:
    input = raw_input
except NameError:
        pass

# Set up configuration. You could also use a Flask app.config
config = dict(AD_SERVER="ad.example.net",
              AD_DOMAIN="example.net",
              CA_CERT_FILE="myrootca.crt")

# Initialize all the things!
ad = EasyAD(config)

# Authenticate a user
username = input("Username: ")
password = getpass("Password: ")

local_admin_group_name = "LocalAdministrators"

user = ad.authenticate_user(username, password, json_safe=True)

if user:
    # Successful login! Let's print your details as JSON
    print(dumps(user, sort_keys=True, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False))

    # Lets find out if you are a member of the "LocalAdministrators" group
    print(ad.user_is_member_of_group(user, local_admin_group_name))
else:
    print("Those credentials are invalid. Please try again.")
    exit(-1)

# You can also add service account credentials to the config to do lookups without
# passing in the credentials on every call
ad.config["AD_BIND_USERNAME"] = "SA-ADLookup"
ad.config["AD_BIND_PASSWORD"] = "12345LuggageAmazing"

user = ad.get_user("maurice.moss", json_safe=True)
print(dumps(user, sort_keys=True, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False))

group = ad.get_group("helpdesk", json_safe=True)
print(dumps(user, sort_keys=True, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False))

print("Is Jen a manager?")
print(ad.user_is_member_of_group("jen.barber", "Managers"))

# The calls below can be taxing on an AD server, especially when used frequently.
# If you just need to check if a user is a member of a group use
# EasyAD.user_is_member_of_group(). It is *much* faster.

# I wonder who all is in the "LocalAdministrators" group? Let's run a
# query that will search in nested groups.
print(dumps(ad.get_all_users_in_group(local_admin_group_name, json_safe=True)))

# Let's see all of the groups that Moss in in, including nested groups
print(dumps(ad.get_all_user_groups(user), indent=2, ensure_ascii=False))

easyad methods

convert_ad_timestamp(timestamp, json_safe=False)

Converts a LDAP timestamp to a datetime or a human-readable string

Args:
    timestamp: the LDAP timestamp
    json_safe: If true, return a a human-readable string instead of a datetime

Returns:
    A datetime or a human-readable string

enhance_user(user, json_safe=False)

Adds computed attributes to AD user results

Args:
    user: A dictionary of user attributes
    json_safe: If true, converts binary data into base64,
    And datetimes into human-readable strings

Returns:
    An enhanced dictionary of user attributes

process_ldap_results(results, json_safe=False)

Converts LDAP search results from bytes to a dictionary of UTF-8 where possible

Args:
    results: LDAP search results
    json_safe: If true, convert binary data to base64 and datetimes to human-readable strings

Returns:
    A list of processed LDAP result dictionaries.

easyad.ADConnection

A LDAP configuration abstraction class

Attributes:
    config: The configuration dictionary
    ad:The LDAP interface instance

ADConnection.__init__(self, config)

Initializes an ADConnection object

 Args:
    config: A dictionary of configuration settings
        Required:
            AD_SERVER: The hostname of the Active Directory Server
        Optional:
            AD_REQUIRE_TLS: Require a TLS connection. True by default.
            AD_CA_CERT_FILE: The path to the root CA certificate file
            AD_PAGE_SIZE: Overrides the default page size of 1000
            AD_OPTIONS: A dictionary of other python-ldap options

ADConnection.bind(self, credentials=None)

Attempts to bind to the Active Directory server

Args:
    credentials: A optional dictionary of the username and password to use.
    If credentials are not passed, the credentials from the initial EasyAD configuration are used.

Returns:
    True if the bind was successful

Raises:
    ldap.LDAP_ERROR

ADConnection.unbind(self)

Unbind from the Active Directory server

easyad.EasyAD

A high-level class for interacting with Active Directory

Attributes:
    user_attributes: A default list of attributes to return from a user query
    group_attributes: A default list of attributes to return from a user query

EasyAD.__init__(self, config)

Initializes an EasyAD object

 Args:
    config: A dictionary of configuration settings
        Required:
            AD_SERVER: the hostname of the Active Directory Server
            AD_DOMAIN: The domain to bind to, in TLD format
        Optional:
            AD_REQUIRE_TLS: Require a TLS connection. True by default.
            AD_CA_CERT_FILE: the path to the root CA certificate file
            AD_BASE_DN: Overrides the base distinguished name. Derived from AD_DOMAIN by default.

EasyAD.authenticate_user(self, username, password, base=None, attributes=None, json_safe=False)

Test if the given credentials are valid

Args:
    username: The username
    password: The password
    base: Optionally overrides the base object DN
    attributes: A list of user attributes to return
    json_safe: Convert binary data to base64 and datetimes to human-readable strings

Returns:
    A dictionary of user attributes if successful, or False if it failed

Raises:
    ldap.LDAP_ERROR

EasyAD.get_all_user_groups(self, user, base=None, credentials=None, json_safe=False)

Returns a list of all group DNs that a user is a member of, including nested groups

Args:
    user: A username, distinguishedName, or a dictionary containing a distinguishedName
    base: Overrides the configured base object dn
    credentials: An optional dictionary of the username and password to use
    json_safe: If true, convert binary data to base64 and datetimes to human-readable strings

Returns:
    A list of group DNs that the user is a member of, including nested groups

Raises:
    ldap.LDAP_ERROR

Notes:
    This call can be taxing on an AD server, especially when used frequently.
    If you just need to check if a user is a member of a group,
    use EasyAD.user_is_member_of_group(). It is *much* faster.

EasyAD.get_all_users_in_group(self, group, base=None, credentials=None, json_safe=False)

Returns a list of all user DNs that are members of a given group, including from nested groups

Args:
   group: A group name, cn, or dn
   base: Overrides the configured base object dn
   credentials: An optional dictionary of the username and password to use
   json_safe: If true, convert binary data to base64 and datetimes to human-readable strings

Returns:
   A list of all user DNs that are members of a given group, including users from nested groups

Raises:
    ldap.LDAP_ERROR

Notes:
   This call can be taxing on an AD server, especially when used frequently.
   If you just need to check if a user is a member of a group,
   use EasyAD.user_is_member_of_group(). It is *much* faster.

EasyAD.get_group(self, group_string, base=None, credentials=None, attributes=None, json_safe=False)

Searches for a unique group object and returns its attributes

Args:
    group_string: A group name, cn, or dn
    base: Optionally override the base object dn
    credentials: A optional dictionary of the username and password to use.
    If credentials are not passed, the credentials from the initial EasyAD configuration are used.
    attributes: An optional list of attributes to return. Otherwise uses self.group_attributes.
    To return all attributes, pass an empty list.
    json_safe: If true, convert binary data to base64 and datetimes to human-readable strings

Returns:
    A dictionary of group attributes

Raises:
    ValueError: Query returned no or multiple results
    ldap.LDAP_ERROR: An LDAP error occurred

EasyAD.get_user(self, user_string, json_safe=False, credentials=None, attributes=None)

Searches for a unique user object and returns its attributes

Args:
    user_string: A userPrincipalName, sAMAccountName, or distinguishedName
    json_safe: If true, convert binary data to base64 and datetimes to human-readable strings
    credentials: A optional dictionary of the username and password to use.
    If credentials are not passed, the credentials from the initial EasyAD configuration are used.
    attributes: An optional list of attributes to return. Otherwise uses self.user_attributes.
    To return all attributes, pass an empty list.

Returns:
    A dictionary of user attributes

Raises:
    ValueError: query returned no or multiple results

EasyAD.resolve_group_dn(self, group, base=None, credentials=None, json_safe=False)

Returns a group's DN when given a principalAccountName, sAMAccountName, email, or DN

Args:
    group: A group name, CN, or DN, or a dictionary containing a DN
    base: Optionally overrides the base object DN
    credentials: An optional dictionary of the username and password to use
    json_safe: If true, convert binary data to base64 and datetimes to human-readable strings

Returns:
    The groups's DN

Raises:
    ldap.LDAP_ERROR

EasyAD.resolve_user_dn(self, user, base=None, credentials=None, json_safe=False)

Returns a user's DN when given a principalAccountName, sAMAccountName, email, or DN

Args:
    user: A principalAccountName, sAMAccountName, email, DN, or a dictionary containing a DN
    base: Optionally overrides the base object DN
    credentials: An optional dictionary of the username and password to use
    json_safe: If true, convert binary data to base64 and datetimes to human-readable strings

Returns:
    The user's DN

Raises:
    ldap.LDAP_ERROR
search(self, base=None, scope=ldap.SCOPE_SUBTREE, filter_string=”(objectClass=*)”, credentials=None,
attributes=None, json_safe=False, page_size=None)
Run a search of the Active Directory server, and get the results

Args:
    base: Optionally override the DN of the base object
    scope: Optional scope setting, subtree by default.
    filter_string: Optional custom filter string
    credentials: Optionally override the bind credentials
    attributes: A list of attributes to return. If none are specified, all attributes are returned
    json_safe: If true, convert binary data to base64, and datetimes to human-readable strings
    page_size: Optionally override the number of results to return per LDAP page

Returns:
    Results as a list of dictionaries

Raises:
    ldap.LDAP_ERROR

Notes:
    Setting a small number of search_attributes and return_attributes reduces server load and bandwidth
    respectively
search_for_groups(self, group_string, base=None, search_attributes=None, return_attributes=None,
credentials=None, json_safe=False)
Returns matching group objects as a list of dictionaries

Args:
    group_string: The substring to search for
    base: Optionally override the base object's DN
    search_attributes: The attributes to search through, with binary data removed
    easyad.EasyAD.group_attributes by default
    return_attributes: A list of attributes to return. easyad.EasyAD.group_attributes by default
    credentials: Optionally override the bind credentials
    json_safe: If true, convert binary data to base64 and datetimes to human-readable strings

Returns:
    Results as a list of dictionaries

Raises:
    ldap.LDAP_ERROR

Notes:
    Setting a small number of search_attributes and return_attributes reduces server load and bandwidth
    respectively
search_for_users(self, user_string, base=None, search_attributes=None, return_attributes=None, credentials=None,
json_safe=False)
Returns matching user objects as a list of dictionaries

Args:
    user_string: The substring to search for
    base: Optionally override the base object's DN
    search_attributes: The attributes to search through, with binary data removed
    easyad.EasyAD.user_attributes by default
    return_attributes: A list of attributes to return. easyad.EasyAD.user_attributes by default
    credentials: Optionally override the bind credentials
    json_safe: If true, convert binary data to base64 and datetimes to human-readable strings

Returns:
    Results as a list of dictionaries

Raises:
    ldap.LDAP_ERROR

Notes:
    Setting a small number of search_attributes and return_attributes reduces server load and bandwidth
    respectively

EasyAD.user_is_member_of_group(self, user, group, base=None, credentials=None)

Tests if a given user is a member of the given group

Args:
    user: A principalAccountName, sAMAccountName, email, or DN
    group: A group name, cn, or dn
    base: An optional dictionary of the username and password to use
    credentials: An optional dictionary of the username and password to use

Raises:
ldap.LDAP_ERROR

Returns:
    A boolean that indicates if the given user is a member of the given group
Release History

Release History

This version
History Node

1.0.9

History Node

1.0.8

History Node

1.0.7

History Node

1.0.6

History Node

1.0.5

History Node

1.0.4

History Node

1.0.3

History Node

1.0.2

History Node

1.0.1

Download Files

Download Files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

File Name & Checksum SHA256 Checksum Help Version File Type Upload Date
easyad-1.0.9-py2.py3-none-any.whl (16.4 kB) Copy SHA256 Checksum SHA256 py2.py3 Wheel Feb 24, 2017

Supported By

WebFaction WebFaction Technical Writing Elastic Elastic Search Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Dyn Dyn DNS Sentry Sentry Error Logging CloudAMQP CloudAMQP RabbitMQ Heroku Heroku PaaS Kabu Creative Kabu Creative UX & Design Fastly Fastly CDN DigiCert DigiCert EV Certificate Rackspace Rackspace Cloud Servers DreamHost DreamHost Log Hosting