Skip to main content

Elastic Site Search API Client for Python

Project description

Elastic Site Search Logo

Travis build GitHub release

A first-party Python client for the Elastic Site Search API.

Contents


Getting started ๐Ÿฃ

You can install the latest version of the Elastic Site Search client using pip:

pip install elastic-site-search

To install locally, clone this repository, cd into the directory and run:

python setup.py install

Note: This client has been developed for the Elastic Site Search API endpoints only. You may refer to the Elastic Site Search API Documentation for additional context.

Usage

  1. Create Elastic Site Search account and get your API key from your Account Settings.

  2. Configure your client:

from elastic_site_search import Client
client = Client(api_key='YOUR_API_KEY')
  1. Create an Engine named e.g. youtube:
engine = client.create_engine('youtube')
  1. Create your DocumentTypes:
client.create_document_type('youtube', 'videos');
client.create_document_type('youtube', 'channels');

Indexing

Now you need to create your Documents. It's very important to think about the type of each field you create a Document. The DocumentType the Document belongs to will remember each fields type and it is not possible to change it. The type specifies a fields features and you should choose them wisely. For details please have a look at our Field Types Documentation.

Add a Document to the videos DocumentType:

client.create_document('youtube', 'videos', {
  'external_id':  'external_id1',
  'fields': [
      {'name': 'title', 'value': 'Site Search Demo', 'type': 'string'},
      {'name': 'tags', 'value': ['Site Search', 'Search', 'Full text search'], 'type': 'string'},
      {'name': 'url', 'value': 'http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pITuOcGgpBs', 'type': 'enum'},
      {'name': 'category', 'value': ['Tutorial', 'Product'], 'type': 'enum'},
      {'name': 'publication_date', 'value': '2012-05-08T12:07Z', 'type': 'date'},
      {'name': 'likes', 'value': 31, 'type': 'integer'},
      {'name': 'length', 'value': 1.50, 'type': 'float'}
  ]
})

Add a Document to the channels DocumentType:

client.create_document('youtube', 'channels', {
  'external_id': 'external_id1',
  'fields': [
    {'name': 'title', 'value': 'Elastic', 'type': 'string'},
    {'name': 'url', 'value': 'http://www.youtube.com/user/elasticsearch', 'type': 'enum'},
    {'name': 'video_views', 'value': 15678, 'type': 'integer'},
    {'name': 'video_counts', 'value': 6, 'type': 'integer'}
  ]
})

Searching

Now your Engine is ready to receive queries. By default, search queries will match any fields that are of type string or text. You can search each DocumentType individually:

video_results = client.search_document_type('youtube', 'videos', 'site search')
channel_results = client.search_document_type('youtube', 'channels', 'site search')

or search all DocumentTypes on your Engine at once:

results = client.search('youtube', 'site search')

Autocomplete

Finally, as with full-text searches, you may perform autocomplete-style (prefix match) searches as well:

results = client.suggest('youtube', 'sit')

or

results = client.suggest_document_type('youtube', 'videos', 'sit')

API Documentation

Configuration:

Before issuing commands to the API, configure the client with your API key:

from elastic_site_search import Client
client = Client(api_key='YOUR_API_KEY')

You can find your API key in your Account Settings.

Search

If you want to search for e.g. site search on your Engine, you can use:

results = client.search('youtube', 'site search')

To limit the search to only the videos DocumentType:

results = client.search_document_type('youtube', 'videos', 'site search')

Both search methods allow you to specify options as an extra parameter to e.g. filter or sort on fields. For more details on these options please have a look at the Search Options. Here is an example for showing only videos that are in the category Tutorial:

results = client.search_document_type('youtube', 'videos', 'site search', {'filters': {'videos': {'category': 'Tutorial'}}})

Autocomplete

Autocompletes have the same functionality as searches. You can autocomplete using all documents:

results = client.suggest('youtube', 'sit')

or just for one DocumentType:

results = client.suggest_document_type('youtube', 'videos', 'sit')

or add options to have more control over the results:

results = client.suggest('youtube', 'sit', {'sort_field': {'videos': 'likes'}})

Engines

Retrieve every Engine:

engines = client.engines

Create a new Engine with the name youtube:

engine = client.create_engine('youtube')

Retrieve an Engine by slug or id:

engine = client.engine('youtube')

To delete an Engine you need the slug or the id field of an engine:

client.destroy_engine('youtube')

Document Types

Retrieve DocumentTypess of the Engine with the slug field youtube:

document_types = client.document_types('youtube')

Show the second batch of documents:

document_types = client.document_types('youtube', 2)

Create a new DocumentType for an Engine with the name videos:

document_type = client.create_document_type('youtube', 'videos')

Retrieve an DocumentType by slug or id:

document_type = client.document_type('youtube', 'videos')

Delete a DocumentType using the slug or id of it:

client.destroy_document_type('youtube', 'videos')

Documents

Retrieve all Documents of Engine youtube and DocumentType videos:

documents = client.documents('youtube', 'videos')

Retrieve a specific Document using its id or external_id:

document = client.document('youtube', 'videos', 'external_id1')

Create a new Document with mandatory external_id and user-defined fields:

document = client.create_document('youtube', 'videos', {
  'external_id': 'external_id1',
  'fields': [
    {'name': 'title', 'value': 'Site Search Demo', 'type': 'string'},
    {'name': 'tags', 'value': ['Site Search', 'Search', 'Full text search'], 'type': 'string'},
    {'name': 'url', 'value': 'http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pITuOcGgpBs', 'type': 'enum'},
    {'name': 'category', 'value': ['Tutorial', 'Product'], 'type': 'enum'},
    {'name': 'publication_date', 'value': '2012-05-08T12:07Z', 'type': 'date'},
    {'name': 'likes', 'value': 31, 'type': 'integer'},
    {'name': 'length', 'value': 1.50, 'type': 'float'}
  ]
})

Create multiple Documents at once and return status for each Document creation:

stati = client.create_documents('youtube', 'videos',
  {
    'external_id': 'external_id1',
    'fields': [
      {'name': 'title', 'value': 'Site Search Demo', 'type': 'string'},
      {'name': 'tags', 'value': ['Site Search', 'Search', 'Full text search'], 'type': 'string'},
      {'name': 'url', 'value': 'http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pITuOcGgpBs', 'type': 'enum'},
      {'name': 'category', 'value': ['Tutorial', 'Product'], 'type': 'enum'},
      {'name': 'publication_date', 'value': '2012-05-08T12:07Z', 'type': 'date'},
      {'name': 'likes', 'value': 27, 'type': 'integer'},
      {'name': 'length', 'value': 1.50, 'type': 'float'}
    ]
  },  
  {
    'external_id': 'external_id2',
    'fields': [
      {'name': 'title', 'value': 'Site Search Search Wordpress Plugin Demo', 'type': 'string'},
      {'name': 'tags', 'value': ['Site Search', 'Search', 'Full text search', 'WordPress'], 'type': 'string'},
      {'name': 'url', 'value': 'http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rukXYKEpvS4', 'type': 'enum'},
      {'name': 'category', 'value': ['Tutorial', 'Wordpress'], 'type': 'enum'},
      {'name': 'publication_date', 'value': '2012-08-15T09:07Z', 'type': 'date'},
      {'name': 'likes', 'value': 2, 'type': 'integer'},
      {'name': 'length', 'value': 2.16, 'type': 'float'}
    ]
  }
)

Update fields of an existing Document specified by id or external_id:

client.update_document('youtube','videos','external_id1', {'likes': 28, 'category': ['Tutorial', 'Search']})

Update multiple Documents at once:

stati = client.update_documents('youtube', 'videos', [
  {'external_id': '2', 'fields': {'likes': 29}},
  {'external_id': '3', 'fields': {'likes': 4}}
])

Create or update a Document:

document = client.create_or_update_document('youtube', 'videos', {
  'external_id': 'external_id3',
  'fields': [
    {'name': 'title', 'value': 'Site Search Install Type 1: Show results in an overlay', 'type': 'string'},
    {'name': 'tags', 'value': ['Site Search', 'Search', 'Full text search', 'Web'], 'type': 'string'},
    {'name': 'url', 'value': 'http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mj2ApIx3frs', 'type': 'enum'}
  ]
})

Create or update multiple Documents at once:

stati = client.create_or_update_documents('youtube', 'videos',
  {
    'external_id': 'external_id4',
    'fields': [
      {'name': 'title', 'value': 'Site Search Install Type 2: Show results on the current page', 'type': 'string'},
      {'name': 'tags', 'value': ['Site Search', 'Search', 'Full text search', 'Web'], 'type': 'string'},
      {'name': 'url', 'value': 'http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6uaZXYK2WOE', 'type': 'enum'}
    ]
  },
  {
    'external_id': 'external_id5',
    'fields': [
      {'name': 'title', 'value': 'Site Search Install Type 3: Show results on a new page', 'type': 'string'},
      {'name': 'tags', 'value': ['Site Search', 'Search', 'Full text search', 'Web'], 'type': 'string'},
      {'name': 'url', 'value': 'http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ebSWAscBPtc', 'type': 'enum'}
    ]
  }
)

Destroy a Document:

client.destroy_document('youtube','videos','external_id5')

Destroy multiple Documents at once:

stati = client.destroy_documents('youtube','videos',['external_id2','external_id3','external_id6'])

Domains

Retrieve all Domains of Engine websites:

domains = client.domains('websites')

Retrieve a specific Domain by id:

domain = client.domain('websites', 'generated_id')

Create a new Domain with the URL https://elastic.co and start crawling:

domain = client.create_domain('websites', 'https://elastic.co')

Delete a Domain using its id:

client.destroy_domain('websites', 'generated_id')

Initiate a recrawl of a specific Domain using its id:

client.recrawl_domain('websites', 'generated_id')

Add or update a URL for a Domain:

client.crawl_url('websites', 'generated_id', 'https://elastic.co/new/path/about.html')

Analytics

To get the amount of searches on your Engine in the last 14 days use:

searches = client.analytics_searches('youtube')

You can also use a specific start and/or end date:

searches = client.analytics_searches('youtube', '2013-01-01', '2013-02-01')

To get the amount of autoselects (clicks on autocomplete results) use:

autoselects = client.analytics_autoselects('youtube')

As with searches you can also limit by start and/or end date:

autoselects = client.analytics_autoselects('youtube', 2, 10)

If you are interested in the top queries for your Engine you can use:

top_queries = client.analytics_top_queries('youtube')

To see more top queries you can paginate through them using:

top_queries = client.analytics_top_queries('youtube', page=2)

Or you can get the top queries in a specific date range:

top_queries = client.analytics_top_queries_in_range('youtube', '2013-01-01', '2013-02-01')

If you want to improve you search results, you should always have a look at search queries, that return no results and perhaps add some Documents that match for this query or use our pining feature to add Documents for this query:

top_no_result_queries = client.analytics_top_no_result_queries('youtube')

You can also specify a date range for no result queries:

top_no_result_queries = client.analytics_top_no_result_queries('youtube', '2013-01-01', '2013-02-01')

Running Tests

pip install -r test_requirements.txt
python tests/test_client.py

FAQ ๐Ÿ”ฎ

Where do I report issues with the client?

If something is not working as expected, please open an issue.

Where can I learn more about Site Search?

Your best bet is to read the documentation.

Where else can I go to get help?

You can checkout the Elastic Site Search community discuss forums.

Contribute ๐Ÿš€

We welcome contributors to the project. Before you begin, a couple notes...

License ๐Ÿ“—

Apache 2.0 ยฉ Elastic

Thank you to all the contributors!

Project details


Release history Release notifications

This version

2.0.0

Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Files for elastic-site-search, version 2.0.0
Filename, size & hash File type Python version Upload date
elastic-site-search-2.0.0.tar.gz (12.0 kB) View hashes Source None

Supported by

Elastic Elastic Search Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Google Google BigQuery Sentry Sentry Error logging AWS AWS Cloud computing DataDog DataDog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN SignalFx SignalFx Supporter DigiCert DigiCert EV certificate StatusPage StatusPage Status page