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Scrape Facebook public pages without an API key

Project description

Facebook Scraper

Scrape Facebook public pages without an API key. Inspired by twitter-scraper.

Install

pip install facebook-scraper

Usage

Send the unique page name, profile name, or ID as the first parameter and you're good to go:

>>> from facebook_scraper import get_posts

>>> for post in get_posts('nintendo', pages=1):
...     print(post['text'][:50])
...
The final step on the road to the Super Smash Bros
Were headed to PAX East 3/28-3/31 with new games

Optional parameters

(For the get_posts function).

  • group: group id, to scrape groups instead of pages. Default is None.
  • pages: how many pages of posts to request, the first 2 pages may have no results, so try with a number greater than 2. Default is 10.
  • timeout: how many seconds to wait before timing out. Default is 5.
  • credentials: tuple of user and password to login before requesting the posts. Default is None.
  • extra_info: bool, if true the function will try to do an extra request to get the post reactions. Default is False.
  • youtube_dl: bool, use Youtube-DL for (high-quality) video extraction. You need to have youtube-dl installed on your environment. Default is False.
  • post_urls: list of strings, URLs to extract posts from. Alternative to fetching based on username. These can either be full URLs or just fragments, either in {account}/posts/{post_id} format, or story.php?story_fbid={post_id}&id={user_id} format.
  • cookies: One of:
    • The path to a file containing cookies in Netscape or JSON format
    • A CookieJar
    • A dictionary that can be converted to a CookieJar with cookiejar_from_dict
  • options: Dictionary of options. Set options={"comments": True} to extract comments, set options={"reactors": True} to extract the people reacting to the post. Both comments and reactors can also be set to a number to set a limit for the amount of comments/reactors to retrieve. The default limit for comments is 5000 and the default limit for reactors is 3000. Set options={"allow_extra_requests": False} to disable making extra requests when extracting post data (required for some things like full text and image links). Set options={"posts_per_page": 200} to request 200 posts per page. The default is 4.

CLI usage

$ facebook-scraper --filename nintendo_page_posts.csv --pages 10 nintendo

Run facebook-scraper --help for more details on CLI usage.

Note: If you get a UnicodeEncodeError try adding --encoding utf-8.

Post example

{'available': True,
 'comments': 459,
 'comments_full': None,
 'factcheck': None,
 'fetched_time': datetime.datetime(2021, 4, 20, 13, 39, 53, 651417),
 'image': 'https://scontent.fhlz2-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/fr/cp0/e15/q65/58745049_2257182057699568_1761478225390731264_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-3&_nc_sid=8024bb&_nc_ohc=ygH2fPmfQpAAX92ABYY&_nc_ht=scontent.fhlz2-1.fna&tp=14&oh=7a8a7b4904deb55ec696ae255fff97dd&oe=60A36717',
 'images': ['https://scontent.fhlz2-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/fr/cp0/e15/q65/58745049_2257182057699568_1761478225390731264_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-3&_nc_sid=8024bb&_nc_ohc=ygH2fPmfQpAAX92ABYY&_nc_ht=scontent.fhlz2-1.fna&tp=14&oh=7a8a7b4904deb55ec696ae255fff97dd&oe=60A36717'],
 'is_live': False,
 'likes': 3509,
 'link': 'https://www.nintendo.com/amiibo/line-up/',
 'post_id': '2257188721032235',
 'post_text': 'Don’t let this diminutive version of the Hero of Time fool you, '
              'Young Link is just as heroic as his fully grown version! Young '
              'Link joins the Super Smash Bros. series of amiibo figures!\n'
              '\n'
              'https://www.nintendo.com/amiibo/line-up/',
 'post_url': 'https://facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=2257188721032235&id=119240841493711',
 'reactions': {'haha': 22, 'like': 2657, 'love': 706, 'sorry': 1, 'wow': 123}, # if `extra_info` was set
 'reactors': None,
 'shared_post_id': None,
 'shared_post_url': None,
 'shared_text': '',
 'shared_time': None,
 'shared_user_id': None,
 'shared_username': None,
 'shares': 441,
 'text': 'Don’t let this diminutive version of the Hero of Time fool you, '
         'Young Link is just as heroic as his fully grown version! Young Link '
         'joins the Super Smash Bros. series of amiibo figures!\n'
         '\n'
         'https://www.nintendo.com/amiibo/line-up/',
 'time': datetime.datetime(2019, 4, 30, 5, 0, 1),
 'user_id': '119240841493711',
 'username': 'Nintendo',
 'video': None,
 'video_id': None,
 'video_thumbnail': None,
 'w3_fb_url': 'https://www.facebook.com/Nintendo/posts/2257188721032235'}

Notes

  • There is no guarantee that every field will be extracted (they might be None).
  • Group posts may be missing some fields like time and post_url.
  • Group scraping may return only one page and not work on private groups.
  • If you scrape too much, Facebook might temporarily ban your IP.

Profiles

The get_profile function can extract information from a profile's about section. Pass in the account name or ID as the first parameter.
Note that Facebook serves different information depending on whether you're logged in (cookies parameter), such as Date of birth and Gender. Usage:

from facebook_scraper import get_profile
get_profile("zuck") # Or get_profile("zuck", cookies="cookies.txt")

Outputs:

{'About': "I'm trying to make the world a more open place.",
 'Education': 'Harvard University\n'
              'Computer Science and Psychology\n'
              '30 August 2002 - 30 April 2004\n'
              'Phillips Exeter Academy\n'
              'Classics\n'
              'School year 2002\n'
              'Ardsley High School\n'
              'High School\n'
              'September 1998 - June 2000',
 'Favourite Quotes': '"Fortune favors the bold."\n'
                     '- Virgil, Aeneid X.284\n'
                     '\n'
                     '"All children are artists. The problem is how to remain '
                     'an artist once you grow up."\n'
                     '- Pablo Picasso\n'
                     '\n'
                     '"Make things as simple as possible but no simpler."\n'
                     '- Albert Einstein',
 'Name': 'Mark Zuckerberg',
 'Places lived': [{'link': '/profile.php?id=104022926303756&refid=17',
                   'text': 'Palo Alto, California',
                   'type': 'Current town/city'},
                  {'link': '/profile.php?id=105506396148790&refid=17',
                   'text': 'Dobbs Ferry, New York',
                   'type': 'Home town'}],
 'Work': 'Chan Zuckerberg Initiative\n'
         '1 December 2015 - Present\n'
         'Facebook\n'
         'Founder and CEO\n'
         '4 February 2004 - Present\n'
         'Palo Alto, California\n'
         'Bringing the world closer together.'}

To extract friends, pass the argument friends=True, or to limit the amount of friends retrieved, set friends to the desired number.

To-Do

  • Async support
  • Image galleries (images entry)
  • Profiles or post authors (get_profile())
  • Comments (with options={'comments': True})

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