Fake implementation of redis API for testing purposes.
fakeredis: A fake version of a redis-py
fakeredis is a pure python implementation of the redis-py python client that simulates talking to a redis server. This was created for a single purpose: to write unittests. Setting up redis is not hard, but many times you want to write unittests that do not talk to an external server (such as redis). This module now allows tests to simply use this module as a reasonable substitute for redis.
Note on redis-py 3
redis-py 3 is a recent backwards-compatible update to redis-py. It is not yet supported by fakeredis, which only implements the redis-py 2 API.
If you need to run unit tests against the redis-py 3 API, take a look at birdisle. It embeds the redis server code into your process and supports redis-py 2 and 3. It is also a more accurate emulation of redis, because it is using the actual redis codebase. The downside is that it currently only supports Linux.
How to Use
The intent is for fakeredis to act as though you’re talking to a real redis server. It does this by storing state in the fakeredis module. For example:
>>> import fakeredis >>> r = fakeredis.FakeStrictRedis() >>> r.set('foo', 'bar') True >>> r.get('foo') 'bar' >>> r.lpush('bar', 1) 1 >>> r.lpush('bar', 2) 2 >>> r.lrange('bar', 0, -1) [2, 1]
By storing state in the fakeredis module, instances can share data:
>>> import fakeredis >>> r1 = fakeredis.FakeStrictRedis() >>> r1.set('foo', 'bar') True >>> r2 = fakeredis.FakeStrictRedis() >>> r2.get('foo') 'bar' >>> r2.set('bar', 'baz') True >>> r1.get('bar') 'baz' >>> r2.get('bar') 'baz'
Because fakeredis stores state at the module level, if you want to ensure that you have a clean slate for every unit test you run, be sure to call r.flushall() in your tearDown method. For example:
def setUp(self): # Setup fake redis for testing. self.r = fakeredis.FakeStrictRedis() def tearDown(self): # Clear data in fakeredis. self.r.flushall()
Alternatively, you can create an instance that does not share data with other instances, by passing singleton=False to the constructor.
It is also possible to mock connection errors so you can effectively test your error handling. Simply pass connected=False to the constructor or set the connected attribute to False after initialization.
>>> import fakeredis >>> r = fakeredis.FakeStrictRedis(connected=False) >>> r.set('foo', 'bar') Traceback (most recent call last): File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module> File "~/fakeredis/fakeredis.py", line 339, in func_wrapper raise redis.ConnectionError("FakeRedis is emulating a connection error.") redis.exceptions.ConnectionError: FakeRedis is emulating a connection error. >>> r.connected = True >>> r.set('foo', 'bar') True
Fakeredis implements the same interface as redis-py, the popular redis client for python, and models the responses of redis 2.6.
All of the redis commands are implemented in fakeredis with these exceptions:
- client kill
- client list
- client getname
- client pause
- client reply
- client setname
- command count
- command getkeys
- command info
- config get
- config rewrite
- config set
- config resetstat
- debug object
- debug segfault
- memory doctor
- memory help
- memory malloc-stats
- memory purge
- memory stats
- memory usage
- cluster addslots
- cluster count-failure-reports
- cluster countkeysinslot
- cluster delslots
- cluster failover
- cluster forget
- cluster getkeysinslot
- cluster info
- cluster keyslot
- cluster meet
- cluster nodes
- cluster replicate
- cluster reset
- cluster saveconfig
- cluster set-config-epoch
- cluster setslot
- cluster slaves
- cluster slots
- script debug
- script exists
- script flush
- script kill
- script load
Contributions are welcome. Please see the contributing guide for more details.
If you’d like to help out, you can start with any of the issues labeled with HelpWanted.
Running the Tests
To ensure parity with the real redis, there are a set of integration tests that mirror the unittests. For every unittest that is written, the same test is run against a real redis instance using a real redis-py client instance. In order to run these tests you must have a redis server running on localhost, port 6379 (the default settings). The integration tests use db=10 in order to minimize collisions with an existing redis instance.
To run all the tests, install the requirements file:
pip install -r requirements.txt
If you just want to run the unittests:
nosetests test_fakeredis.py:TestFakeStrictRedis test_fakeredis.py:TestFakeRedis
Because this module is attempting to provide the same interface as redis-py, the python bindings to redis, a reasonable way to test this to to take each unittest and run it against a real redis server. fakeredis and the real redis server should give the same result. This ensures parity between the two. You can run these “integration” tests like this:
nosetests test_fakeredis.py:TestRealStrictRedis test_fakeredis.py:TestRealRedis
In terms of implementation, TestRealRedis is a subclass of TestFakeRedis that overrides a factory method to create an instance of redis.Redis (an actual python client for redis) instead of fakeredis.FakeStrictRedis.
To run both the unittests and the “integration” tests, run:
If redis is not running and you try to run tests against a real redis server, these tests will have a result of ‘S’ for skipped.
There are some tests that test redis blocking operations that are somewhat slow. If you want to skip these tests during day to day development, they have all been tagged as ‘slow’ so you can skip them by running:
nosetests -a '!slow'
- #224 Add __delitem__
- Restrict to redis<3
This release greatly improves support for threads: the bulk of commands are now thread-safe, lock has been rewritten to more closely match redis-py, and pubsub now supports run_in_thread:
- Fix a typo in the Trove classifiers
This is a minor bug-fix release.
- #189 Add ‘System’ to the list of libc equivalents
This is a bug-fix release.
- #181 Upgrade twine & other packaging dependencies
- #106 randomkey method is not implemented, but is not in the list of unimplemented commands
- #170 Prefer readthedocs.io instead of readthedocs.org for doc links
- #180 zadd with no member-score pairs should fail
- #145 expire / _expire: accept ‘long’ also as time
- #182 Pattern matching does not match redis behaviour
- #135 Scan includes expired keys
- #185 flushall() doesn’t clean everything
- #186 Fix psubscribe with handlers
- Run CI on PyPy
- Fix coverage measurement
This release merges the fakenewsredis fork back into fakeredis. The version number is chosen to be larger than any fakenewsredis release, so version numbers between the forks are comparable. All the features listed under fakenewsredis version numbers below are thus included in fakeredis for the first time in this release.
Additionally, the following was added: - #169 Fix set-bit
This release makes a start on supporting Lua scripting: - #9 Add support for StrictRedis.eval for Lua scripts
This is a minor bugfix and optimization release: - #5 Update to match redis-py 2.10.6 - #7 Set with invalid expiry time should not set key - Avoid storing useless expiry times in hashes and sorted sets - Improve the performance of bulk zadd
This is the first release of fakenewsredis, based on fakeredis 0.9.0, with the following features and fixes:
- fakeredis #78 Behaviour of transaction() does not match redis-py
- fakeredis #79 Implement redis-py’s .lock()
- fakeredis #90 HINCRBYFLOAT changes hash value type to float
- fakeredis #101 Should raise an error when attempting to get a key holding a list)
- fakeredis #146 Pubsub messages and channel names are forced to be ASCII strings on Python 2
- fakeredis #163 getset does not to_bytes the value
- fakeredis #165 linsert implementation is incomplete
- fakeredis #128 Remove _ex_keys mapping
- fakeredis #139 Fixed all flake8 errors and added flake8 to Travis CI
- fakeredis #166 Add type checking
- fakeredis #168 Use repr to encode floats in to_bytes
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