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Faster drop-in replacement of Python's enum

Project description

A roughly 3x faster drop-in replacement of Python’s enum.

Why

Python’s enum type is a useful building block for creating semantic types and constants in your programs.

The problem is, if you’re doing millions and millions of enum lookups (even simple expressions like Color.BLUE) it’s a little bit slow.

fastenum is a stripped-down enum implementation that’s up to 3.5x faster than the standard library implementation. At Quantlane we use it in production code as a drop-in replacement. Read more, including benchmarks, on our blog: A 3x faster enum type for Python.

Installation

fastenum is available on PyPI and you can install it with:

pip install fastenum

or

poetry add fastenum

How to use it

Simply use fastenum.Enum instead of enum.Enum:

import fastenum

class Color(fastenum.Enum):
        RED = 0
        BLUE = 1
        GREEN = 2

assert isinstance(Color.RED, Color)
assert Color.RED is Color['RED']
assert Color.BLUE != 1
assert Color.GREEN.value == 2

def is_red(c: Color) -> bool:
        return c is Color.RED

There is also a mypy plugin that you’ll want to enable in mypy.ini to help mypy understand fastenum just like it understands enum:

[mypy]
plugins = fastenum.mypy_plugin:plugin

Note you may experience odd mypy crashes relating to the mypy cache when using this plugin. It’s an unfortunate bug we have not yet tracked down. If you run into it, it is unfortunately necessary to disable the mypy cache by setting cache_dir = /dev/null 🤦‍♂️

Tradeoffs and disadvantages

There is no support for automatic values, unique value checks, aliases, custom __init__ implementations on members, IntEnum, Flag, or the functional API. If you require any of these features it’s probably best to just use enum.

fastenum’s mypy plugin may cause issues with your mypy cache (see above).

Running tests & benchmarks

pip install -r dev-requirements.txt
PYTHONPATH=. cq && pytest

Contributing

Pull requests are welcome! Especially if you know how to fix that pesky mypy cache bug 🙈

We will accept pull requests adding missing functionality provided they do not impact base fastenum performance (it’s best to verify that with benchmarks).


quantlane.png

fastenum was made by Quantlane, a systematic trading firm. We design, build and run our own stock trading platform.

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