Python SDK for the Facebook Graph Api. (Latest Version Overview: Introduced the Helper Methods)
fb is a python sdk for the Facebook Graph Api. The sdk provides three methods
for interacting largely with facebook. publish(), get_object() and delete()
In addtion to the three, there is one helper method to view the structure of
objects returned from facebook, show_fields()
sudo pip install fb
1. Publishing to Facebook
For publishing, use the publish() method. Publishing means creating objects like:
a wall post, a like, events and albums, etc. Currently photo upload
is not supported. The method returns the id of the object created.
under ‘Other Objects’, see list of publish categories except “photos”.
# Go to developers.facebook.com/tools/explorer to generate test token
token=”the facebook token you are going to use”
#Post on the current user’s wall
facebook.publish(cat=”feed”, id=”me”, message=”My facebook status”)
#Like an object(wall post, photo and anything thats likable in facebook) with id=object_id
#Comment on an objects thats commentable
facebook.publish(cat=”comments”, id=object_id, message=”My comment”)
#Create an album
facebook.publish(cat=”albums”, id=”me”, name=”Album Name”, message=”Album Details”)
Create an event
facebook.publish(cat=”events”, id=”me”, name=”My Event”, start_time=”2013-10-16-12:20”, end_time=”2013-10-18-14:30” )
In addition to ‘cat’ (the category) and ‘id’, publish takes any parameter thats
valid for the publish category(cat). Like “message” for wall post, “name” for albums,
nothing for likes, etc. Check facebook doc for full list of valid parameters
for each kind of publishing. If you find that a parameter is raising error,
it maybe because this sdk does not yet support the parameter,please report such cases
to the author.
2. Fetch Objects from Facebook
Objects can be fetched in two ways using the get_object() method.
Fetch “single” object with it’s given “fields” passed in a list.
Or retrieve “multiple” objects passed with their “ids” in a list.
The method returns the object as python dictionary containing related fields
#Retrieve given fields for a single object
object=facebook.get_object(cat=”single”, id=object_id, fields=[“name”, “email” ] )
#Retrieve ALL fields for a single object
object=facebook.get_object(cat=”single”, id=object_id, fields=[ ] )
#Rertieve multiple objects
object=facebook.get_object(cat=”multiple”, ids=[‘zuck’, ‘me’] )
3. Delete Objects
Deleting objects is simple. use the delete method and pass the id of the
object to be deleted. Note that a “like” has no id in facebook, so in case of deleting
a “LIKE”, you have to pass the id of the object liked and the category of the delete
which is “likes”.
#Delete a status
#Delete a comment
#Delete a “LIKE”
4. The Helper Methods
As of version 0.4.0, there is one helper method, show_fields(). Using this method,
it is possible to view the structure of the objects returned by facebook. This will help
further manipulate the fetched objects for individual needs.
#Get “friends” and “education” of the current user
friends_and_education=facebook.get_object(cat=’single’, id=’me’, fields=[‘friends’, ‘education’])
#Display the Structure of the object returned from facebook graph
The method will print the following:
The above are all dictionary keys with sub-keys. Some of the keys are prefixed by “(list)”
which means their values are saved inside a list and should be accessed through indexing.
In line with the structure printed by the method, we can access various parts of the object
fetched from facebook as shown below
# “name” of schools attended
friends_and_education[‘education’][‘school’][‘name’] and so on……..
# “type” of the nth school in the object
#”name” of the nth friend in the object
#”name” and “id” of all friends
The idea behind introducing the show_fields() method is to help developers
get a visual overview of the internal structure of objects retrieved from facebook graph
so that they can write their own methods easily to further meet their needs.
Please report bugs here. Or email to email@example.com
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