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Python API for FHEM home automation server

Project description

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python-fhem

Python FHEM (home automation server) API

Simple API to connect to the FHEM home automation server via sockets or http(s), using the telnet or web port on FHEM with optional SSL (TLS) and password or basicAuth support.

Note: Python 2.x deprecation warning. python-fhem versions 0.6.x will be the last versions supporting Python 2.x.

Installation

PIP installation (PyPI)

See the PyPI page for additional information about the package.

pip install [-U] fhem

From source

In python-fhem/fhem:

Get a copy of README for the install (required by setup.py):

cp ../README.md .

then:

pip install [-U] .

or, as developer installation, allowing inplace editing:

pip install [-U] -e .

History

  • 0.6.4 (2020-03-24): Bug fix for #21, Index out-of-range in event loop background thread for non-standard event formats.
  • 0.6.3 (2019-09-26): Bug fixes for socket connection exceptions #18 by TK67 [FHEM forum] and EventQueue crashes in datetime parsing #19 by party-pansen. Self-test now also covers FhemEventQueue() class.
  • 0.6.2 (2019-06-06): Bug fix, get_device_reading() could return additional unrelated readings. #14. Default blocking mode for telnet has been set to non-blocking. This can be changed with parameter blocking=True (telnet only). Use of HTTP(S) is recommended (superior performance and faster)
  • [build environment] (2019-07-22): Initial support for TravisCI automated self-tests.
  • 0.6.1 (2018-12-26): New API used telnet non-blocking on get which caused problems (d1nd141, #12), fixed by using blocking telnet i/o.
  • 0.6.0 (2018-12-16): Enhanced and expanded get-API (Andre0512 #10). See online documentation, especially the new get() method for details on the new functionality. Proprietary logging functions marked deprecated.
  • 0.5.5 (2018-08-26): Documentation cleanup, automatic documentation with sphinx.
  • 0.5.3 (2018-08-26): Fix syntax in exception handler
  • 0.5.2 (2018-06-09): Fix for crash on invalid csrf-return
  • 0.5.1 (2018-01-29): Removed call to logging.basicConfig(), since it was unnecessary and causes breakage if other modules use this too. (heilerich #8)
  • 0.5: API cleanup (breaking change!). Removed deprecated functions: sendCmd, sendRcvCmd, getDevState, getDevReading (replaced with PEP8 conform names, s.b.). Renamed parameter ssl= -> use_ssl=
  • 0.4.4: Merged python logger support (ChuckMoe, #6)
  • 0.4.3: Merged API extensions for getting time of last reading change (logi85, #5)
  • 0.4.2: deprecation error message fixed (Ivermue, #4)
  • 0.4.0: csrf token support (FHEM 5.8 requirement)

Usage

Set and get transactions

Default telnet connection without password and without encryption:

import logging
import fhem

logging.basicConfig(level=logging.DEBUG)

## Connect via HTTP, port 8083:
fh = fhem.Fhem("myserver.home.org", protocol="http", port=8083)
# Send a command to FHEM (this automatically connects() in case of telnet)
fh.send_cmd("set lamp on")
# Get temperatur of LivingThermometer
temp = fh.get_device_reading("LivingThermometer", "temperature")
# return a dictionary with reading-value and time of last change:
# {'Value': 25.6, 'Time': datetime.datetime(2019, 7, 27, 8, 19, 24)}
print("The living-room temperature is {}, measured at {}".format(temp["Value"], temp["Time"]))
# Output: The living-room temperature is 25.6, measured at 2019-07-27 08:19:24

# Get a dict of kitchen lights with light on:
lights = fh.get_states(group="Kitchen", state="on", device_type="light", value_only=True)
# Get all data of specific tvs
tvs = fh.get(device_type=["LGTV", "STV"])
# Get indoor thermometers with low battery
low = fh.get_readings(name=".*Thermometer", not_room="outdoor", filter={"battery!": "ok"})
# Get temperature readings from all devices that have a temperature reading:
all_temps = fh.get_readings('temperature')

HTTPS connection:

fh = fhem.Fhem('myserver.home.org', port=8085, protocol='https')

Self-signed certs are accepted (since no cafile option is given).

To connect via https with SSL and basicAuth:

fh = fhem.Fhem('myserver.home.org', port=8086, protocol='https',
               cafile=mycertfile, username="myuser", password="secretsauce")

If no public certificate cafile is given, then self-signed certs are accepted.

Connect via default protocol telnet, default port 7072: (deprecated)

Note: Connection via telnet is not reliable for large requests, which includes everything that uses wildcard-funcionality.

fh = fhem.Fhem("myserver.home.org")

To connect via telnet with SSL and password:

fh = fhem.Fhem("myserver.home.org", port=7073, use_ssl=True, password='mysecret')
fh.connect()
if fh.connected():
    # Do things

It is recommended to use HTTP(S) to connect to Fhem instead.

Event queues (currently telnet only)

The library can create an event queue that uses a background thread to receive and dispatch FHEM events:

try:
    # Python 3.x
    import queue
except:
    # Python 2.x
    import Queue as queue
import fhem

que = queue.Queue()
fhemev = fhem.FhemEventQueue("myserver.home.org", que)

while True:
    ev = que.get()
    # FHEM events are parsed into a Python dictionary:
    print(ev)
    que.task_done()

Documentation

see: python-fhem documentation

References

Project details


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