MaxMind GeoIP2 API
This is a beta release. The API may change before the first production release, which will be numbered 2.0.0.
You may find information on the GeoIP2 beta release process on our website.
To install the geoip2 module, type:
$ pip install geoip2
If you are not able to use pip, you may also use easy_install from the source directory:
$ easy_install .
To use this API, you first create either a web service object with your MaxMind user_id and license_key or a database reader object with the path to your database file. After doing this, you may call the method corresponding to request type (e.g., city or country), passing it the IP address you want to look up.
If the request succeeds, the method call will return a model class for the end point you called. This model in turn contains multiple record classes, each of which represents part of the data returned by the web service.
If the request fails, the client class throws an exception.
Web Service Example
>>> import geoip2.webservice >>> >>> # This creates a Client object that can be reused across requests. >>> # Replace "42" with your user ID and "license_key" with your license >>> # key. >>> client = geoip2.webservice.Client(42, 'license_key') >>> >>> # Replace "omni" with the method corresponding to the web service >>> # that you are using, e.g., "country", "city_isp_org", "city". >>> response = client.omni('22.214.171.124') >>> >>> response.country.iso_code 'US' >>> response.country.name 'United States' >>> response.country.names['zh-CN'] u'美国' >>> >>> response.subdivisions.most_specific.name 'Minnesota' >>> response.subdivisions.most_specific.iso_code 'MN' >>> >>> response.city.name 'Minneapolis' >>> >>> response.postal.code '55455' >>> >>> response.location.latitude 44.9733 >>> response.location.longitude -93.2323
>>> import geoip2.database >>> >>> # This creates a Reader object. You should use the same object >>> # across multiple requests as creation of it is expensive. >>> reader = geoip2.database.Reader('/path/to/GeoLite2-City.mmdb') >>> >>> # Replace "city" with the method corresponding to the database >>> # that you are using, e.g., "country". >>> response = reader.city('126.96.36.199') >>> >>> response.country.iso_code 'US' >>> response.country.name 'United States' >>> response.country.names['zh-CN'] u'美国' >>> >>> response.subdivisions.most_specific.name 'Minnesota' >>> response.subdivisions.most_specific.iso_code 'MN' >>> >>> response.city.name 'Minneapolis' >>> >>> response.postal.code '55455' >>> >>> response.location.latitude 44.9733 >>> response.location.longitude -93.2323
Web Service Client Exceptions
For details on the possible errors returned by the web service itself, see http://dev.maxmind.com/geoip/geoip2/web-services for the GeoIP2 web service docs.
If the web service returns an explicit error document, this is thrown as a AddressNotFoundError, AuthenticationError, InvalidRequestError, or OutOfQueriesError as appropriate. These all subclass GeoIP2Error.
If some other sort of error occurs, this is thrown as an HTTPError. This is thrown when some sort of unanticipated error occurs, such as the web service returning a 500 or an invalid error document. If the web service returns any status code besides 200, 4xx, or 5xx, this also becomes an HTTPError.
Finally, if the web service returns a 200 but the body is invalid, the client throws a GeoIP2Error.
Database Reader Exceptions
If the database file does not exist or is not readable, a ValueError will be thrown. If the file is invalid or there is a bug in the reader, a maxminddb.InvalidDatabaseError will be thrown with a description of the problem. If an IP address is not in the database, a AddressNotFoundError exception will be thrown.
What data is returned?
While many of the models contain the same basic records, the attributes which can be populated vary between web service end points or databases. In addition, while a model may offer a particular piece of data, MaxMind does not always have every piece of data for any given IP address.
Because of these factors, it is possible for any request to return a record where some or all of the attributes are unpopulated.
The only piece of data which is always returned is the ip_address attribute in the geoip2.records.Traits record.
Integration with GeoNames
GeoNames offers web services and downloadable databases with data on geographical features around the world, including populated places. They offer both free and paid premium data. Each feature is uniquely identified by a geoname_id, which is an integer.
Many of the records returned by the GeoIP web services and databases include a geoname_id field. This is the ID of a geographical feature (city, region, country, etc.) in the GeoNames database.
Some of the data that MaxMind provides is also sourced from GeoNames. We source things like place names, ISO codes, and other similar data from the GeoNames premium data set.
Reporting Data Problems
If the problem you find is that an IP address is incorrectly mapped, please submit your correction to MaxMind.
If you find some other sort of mistake, like an incorrect spelling, please check the GeoNames site first. Once you’ve searched for a place and found it on the GeoNames map view, there are a number of links you can use to correct data (“move”, “edit”, “alternate names”, etc.). Once the correction is part of the GeoNames data set, it will be automatically incorporated into future MaxMind releases.
If you are a paying MaxMind customer and you’re not sure where to submit a correction, please contact MaxMind support for help.
This code requires Python 2.6+ or 3.3+. Older versions are not supported. This library has been tested with CPython and PyPy.
The Requests HTTP library is also required. See <http://python-requests.org> for details.
The GeoIP2 Python API uses Semantic Versioning.
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