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Import or sync existing Github infrastructure into terraform

Project description

Github Terraform Import

Python library to allow simple programmatic control of importing a Github organization as terraform resources.

The library exposes four key components:

  • Dataclass definitions of all terraform resources in the Github Provider (github_terraform_import.formatter.github_types.*)
  • Formatter to easily convert dataclass types into valid terraform configuration syntax (github_terraform_import.formatter.Formatter)
  • A metaclass required to implement a visitor pattern for all resources (github_terraform_import.visitor.VisitMethodInjector)
  • An interface with the Github REST API that will dynamically load Github resources based on methods defined in the given visitor class github_terraform_import.provider.GithubProvider


Create a file for each repository which contains the following repository specific resources github_repository, github_repository_collaborator, github_team_repository.

import os
import sys

from github_terraform_import.visitor import VisitMethodInjector
from github_terraform_import.github_types import (
from github_terraform_import.provider import GithubProvider
from github_terraform_import.formatter import Formatter

class RepositoryConfigurationGenerator(metaclass=VisitMethodInjector):
    def __init__(self, path):
        self._root = path

    def visit_github_repository(self, repository: GithubRepository):
        file_ = os.path.join(self._root, f"{}.tf")
        with open(file_, "a+") as f:
            Formatter.format(, repository, out=f)

    def visit_github_repository_collaborator(
        self, collaborator: GithubRepositoryCollaborator
        file_ = os.path.join(self._root, f"{collaborator.repository}.tf")
        with open(file_, "a+") as f:
            Formatter.format(collaborator.username, collaborator, out=f)

    def visit_github_team_repository(self, team: GithubTeamRepository):
        file_ = os.path.join(self._root, f"{team.repository}.tf")
        with open(file_, "a+") as f:
            Formatter.format(team.team_id, team, out=f)

def main():
    if len(sys.argv) < 4:
        print("Usage: example {token} {organization} {output_directory}")

    directory = sys.argv[3]
    if not os.path.exists(directory):

    generator = RepositoryConfigurationGenerator(directory)
    provider = GithubProvider(sys.argv[1], sys.argv[2])

if __name__ == "__main__":


  • Wrap around the Github API to provide terraform resources
  • Typed resources for each of the terraform resources
  • Dynamic resource fetching based on declared visitor methods
  • Automatic caching of resources on multiple runs
  • Formatting of resource classes to terraform configuration
  • Detectable missing visitor methods

Supported Resources

Resource Supported Notes
github_actions_secret :heavy_check_mark: plaintext_value value cannot be imported from Github API, this must be added manually. Defaults to 'WARNING: Secrets cannot be imported via Github API'
github_branch_protection :heavy_check_mark:
github_issue_label :heavy_check_mark:
github_membership :heavy_check_mark:
github_organization_block :heavy_check_mark:
github_organization_project :heavy_check_mark:
github_organization_webhook :heavy_check_mark:
github_project_column :heavy_check_mark:
github_repository :heavy_check_mark: delete_branch_on_merge, auto_init, gitignore_template, license_template are not provided by the API
github_repository_collaborator :heavy_check_mark:
github_repository_deploy_key :heavy_check_mark:
github_repository_project :heavy_check_mark:
github_repository_webhook :heavy_check_mark:
github_team :heavy_check_mark: ldap_dn not provided by the API
github_team_membership :heavy_check_mark:
github_team_repository :heavy_check_mark:


Use the VisitMethodInjector metaclass in your customised visitor class to provide instructions for handling various fetched resources.

Standard Use

The standard use case for your visitor class is to define a method for each of the resources you wish to import. For example if you wish to import all the repository webhooks, a class like FetchRepositoryWebhooks would suffice.

class FetchRepositoryWebhooks(metaclass=VisitMethodInjector):
    def visit_github_repository_webhook(self, webhook: GithubRepositoryWebhook):

Visit methods must be named, as visit_{resource_name}.

Default Method

If there is some method that should be run for every resource without an implemented visitor method, you can use the default method for this purpose.

class FetchWithDefault(metaclass=VisitMethodInjector):
    def visit_github_repository_webhook(self, webhook: GithubRepositoryWebhook):

    def default(self, resource: Resource):

FetchWithDefault will call default for all of the resources except github_repository_webhook.


If you want to ensure that every resource has an implemented visitor method, then setting the class variable ignore_missing to False will cause a TypeError to be thrown if there are any missing visitor methods.

class FetchWithValidation(metaclass=VisitMethodInjector):
    ignore_missing = False

FetchWithValidation will throw a type exception when constructed listing all of the missing visit methods.


The Formatter class provides a way of converting the supplied dataclasses for each resource into an appropriately formatted Terraform resource.

This is accomplished by calling the Formatter.format method. The method can also be used for any custom dataclasses so long as they inherit from github_terraform_import.github_types.Resource.

Any member variables starting with an underscore, conventionally private, are not generated in the resource.

class NestedDetails(Block):
    description: str
    topics: List[str]

class MyTerraformResource(Resource):
    name: str
    id: int
    valid: bool

    friends: List[str]

    details: NestedDetails

The above MyTerraformResource is an example dataclass definition which showcases the various supported types of the formatter.

Executing the following will write the resource to out.txt

details = NestedDetails(
    description="Things I like",
    topics=["verification", "optimisation"],

resource = MyTerraformResource(
    name="a special resource",

with open("out.txt", "w") as file:
    Formatter.format("my_resource_name", resource, out=file)

The contents of out should then be:

resource "my_terraform_resource" "my_resource_name" {
    name = "a special resource"
    id = special
    valid = true
    friends = []
    details {
        description = "Things I like"
        topics = [

If the out keyword argument is omitted from the Formatter.format method then the resource will be printed to standard out.

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