This is a pre-production deployment of Warehouse, however changes made here WILL affect the production instance of PyPI.
Latest Version Dependencies status unknown Test status unknown Test coverage unknown
Project Description

Glinda is a companion library for tornado. It is an attempt to make your time with the framework less painful. In fact, I want to make it downright enjoyable. I started down the path of developing HTTP endpoints in Tornado and needing to test them. The tornado.testing package is handy for testing endpoints in isolation. But what do you do when you have a HTTP service that is calling other HTTP services asynchronously. It turns out that testing that is not as easy as it should be. That is the first thing that I tackled and it is the first thing that this library is going to offer – a way to test non-trivial services.

Once you can test your application, the next step is to write a well-behaved application that fits into the WWW nicely. Tornado does a pretty nice job of handling the nitty gritty HTTP details (e.g., CTE, transfer encodings). It doesn’t provide a clean way to handle representations transparently so I decided to add that into this library as well.

Content Handling

Tornado has some internal content decoding accessible by calling the get_body_arguments method of tornado.web.RequestHandler. It will decode basic form data, application/x-www-form-urlencoded and multipart/form-data specifically. Anything else is left up to you. glinda exposes a content handling mix-in that imbues a standard RequestHandler with a property that is the decoded request body and a new method to encode a response. Here’s what it looks like:

class MyHandler(glinda.content.HandlerMixin, web.RequestHandler):
    def post(self, *args, **kwargs):
        body_argument = self.request_body['arg']
        # do stuff
        self.send_response(response_dict)
        self.finish()

if __name__ == '__main__':
    glinda.content.register_text_type('application/json',
                                      default_charset='utf-8',
                                      dumper=json.dumps, loader=json.loads)
    glinda.content.register_binary_type('application/msgpack',
                                        msgpack.dumpb, msgpack.loadb)

When the client sends a post with a content type of application/json, it will decode the binary body to a string according to the HTTP headers and call json.loads to decode the body when you reference the request_body property. Failures are handled by raising a HTTPError(400) so you don’t have to worry about handling malformed messages. The send_response method will take care of figuring out the appropriate content type based on any included Accept headers. All that you have to do is install encoding and decoding handlers for expected content types.

The glinda.content package implements content handling as described in RFC7231. Specifically, it decodes request bodies as described in section 3.1 and proactive content negotiation as described in sections 3.4.1 and 5.3.

Testing

Here’s an example of testing a Tornado endpoint that asynchronously calls another service. In this case, the application interacts with with the /add endpoint of some other service. Testing in isolation can be tricky without having to have a copy of the service running. You could mock out the AsyncHTTPClient and return fake futures and what not but that has the nasty side-effect of hiding defects around how content type or headers are handled – no HTTP requests means that you have untested assumptions.

The following snippet tests the application under test using the ServiceLayer abstraction that glinda.testing provides.

from tornado import testing
from glinda.testing import services


class MyServiceTests(testing.AsyncHTTPTestCase):

   def setUp(self):
      service_layer = services.ServiceLayer()
      self.service = service_layer['adder']
      # TODO configured your application here using
      # self.service.url_for('/add') or self.service.host
      super(MyServiceTests, self).setUp()

   def get_app(self):
      return MyApplication()

   def test_that_my_service_calls_other_service(self):
      self.service.add_response(
         services.Request('POST', '/add'),
         services.Response(200, body='{"result": 10}'))
      self.fetch(self.get_url('/do-stuff'), method='GET')

      recorded = self.service.get_request('/add')
      self.assertEqual(recorded.method, 'POST')
      self.assertEqual(recorded.body, '[1,2,3,4]')
      self.assertEqual(recorded.headers['Content-Type'], 'application/json')

The application under test is linked in by implementing the standard tornado.testing.AsyncHTTPTestCase.get_app method. Then you add in a glinda.testing.services.ServiceLayer object and configure it to look like the services that you depend on by adding endpoints and then configuring your application to point at the service layer. When you invoke the application under test using self.fetch(...), it will send HTTP requests through the Tornado stack (using the testing ioloop) to the service layer which will respond appropriately. The beauty is that the entire HTTP stack is exercised locally so that you can easily test edge cases such as correct handling of status codes, custom headers, or malformed bodies without resorting to deep mocking.

Release History

Release History

0.0.3

This version

History Node

TODO: Figure out how to actually get changelog content.

Changelog content for this version goes here.

Donec et mollis dolor. Praesent et diam eget libero egestas mattis sit amet vitae augue. Nam tincidunt congue enim, ut porta lorem lacinia consectetur. Donec ut libero sed arcu vehicula ultricies a non tortor. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.

Show More

0.0.2

History Node

TODO: Figure out how to actually get changelog content.

Changelog content for this version goes here.

Donec et mollis dolor. Praesent et diam eget libero egestas mattis sit amet vitae augue. Nam tincidunt congue enim, ut porta lorem lacinia consectetur. Donec ut libero sed arcu vehicula ultricies a non tortor. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.

Show More

0.0.1

History Node

TODO: Figure out how to actually get changelog content.

Changelog content for this version goes here.

Donec et mollis dolor. Praesent et diam eget libero egestas mattis sit amet vitae augue. Nam tincidunt congue enim, ut porta lorem lacinia consectetur. Donec ut libero sed arcu vehicula ultricies a non tortor. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.

Show More

Download Files

Download Files

TODO: Brief introduction on what you do with files - including link to relevant help section.

File Name & Checksum SHA256 Checksum Help Version File Type Upload Date
glinda-0.0.3-py2.py3-none-any.whl (15.2 kB) Copy SHA256 Checksum SHA256 3.4 Wheel May 30, 2015
glinda-0.0.3.tar.gz (21.4 kB) Copy SHA256 Checksum SHA256 Source May 30, 2015

Supported By

WebFaction WebFaction Technical Writing Elastic Elastic Search Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Dyn Dyn DNS HPE HPE Development Sentry Sentry Error Logging CloudAMQP CloudAMQP RabbitMQ Heroku Heroku PaaS Kabu Creative Kabu Creative UX & Design Fastly Fastly CDN DigiCert DigiCert EV Certificate Rackspace Rackspace Cloud Servers DreamHost DreamHost Log Hosting