A CLI client for interacting with Go Continuous Delivery
For work I and colleagues have for the last nine months been writing a lot of different small shell scripts with curl that interacts with the Go API.
Most of them are quick n’ dirty scripts that aren’t very robust, and because they’re written in the mindset of the now we just end up copy+pasting it everywhere. As well as figuring out what API endpoints are available, how they work and so on.
The goal of this project is to make these and similar tasks super simple, without having to write a so-so reliable bash script. And for the most common things just one invocation.
This is still early in the development and a bit rough around the edges. Any bug reports, feature suggestions, etc are greatly appreciated. :)
I’m planning to add support for all the API endpoints that make sense from a CLI perspective. And also to handle some of the scenarios where we ended up writing shell scripts.
Installation and usage
Since this is a Python package available on PyPi you can install it like any other Python package.
# on modern systems with Python you can install with pip $ pip install gocd-cli # on older systems you can install using easy_install $ easy_install gocd-cli
Usage The commands should be mostly self-documenting in how they are defined, which is made available through the help command.
$ gocd usage: gocd <command> <subcommand> [<posarg1>, ...] [--kwarg1=value, ...] Commands: pipeline check: Check whether a pipeline has run successfully check-all: Checks all pipelines to be green/non-stalled list: Lists all pipelines with their current status pause: Pauses the named pipeline retrigger-failed: Retrigger a pipeline/stage that has failed trigger: Triggers the named pipeline unlock: Unlocks the named pipeline if it's currently locked unpause: Unpauses the named pipeline $ gocd help pipeline retrigger-failed retrigger-failed <name> [--counter] [--stage] [--retrigger] Retrigger a pipeline/stage that has failed Flags: counter: the pipeline counter to check. Default: latest stage: if given the pipeline will only be retriggered if this stage failed retrigger: possible values (pipeline, stage) default pipeline. When pipeline and there's a failed stage retriggers the pipeline. When stage and there's a failure retriggers only that stage. $ gocd pipeline retrigger-failed Integration --stage external-points --retrigger stage
This script has been prepared to be run two situations:
- From your local machine
- From inside of Go
Because of this the configuration is handled by a config file and it can be overridden by environment variables.
The current options are:
|server:||The server to connect to, example: http://go.example.com:8153/|
|user:||The user to login as|
|password:||The corresponding password|
The configuration file is stored in ~/.gocd/gocd-cli.cfg and is an ini file. Example:
[gocd] server = http://localhost:8153/ user = admin password = badger
The environment variables are prefixed with GOCD_ and always ALL CAPS. Example:
GOCD_SERVER=http://loaclhost:8153/ GOCD_USER=admin GOCD_PASSWORD=badger
Encrypted configuration keys
>From version 0.9 there’s support for encrypted configuration keys. There’s a builtin module for Rot13, or Caesar cipher, as well as a standalone module using blowfish called gocd-cli.encryption.blowfish.
This feature was added to handle a very specific use case, where the password to the Go server was not allowed to be stored in plaintext. But it was okay if the decryption key was stored on the same machine. The builtin implementation is to be seen as a reference implementation and not to be used. But then again, if you just need it to not be plaintext…
To then encrypt the current plaintext password do:
$ gocd settings encrypt --key password encryption_module = gocd_cli.encryption.caesar password_encrypted = fhcre frperg
Copy these two values into your ~/.gocd/gocd-cli.cfg file and remove the old password and next time it’ll use the encrypted password instead.
$ gocd settings decrypt --key password encryption_module = gocd_cli.encryption.caesar password = super secret
Writing your own commands
This project uses namespaced packages which means that you as a plugin/command author will extend the official namespace with your commands.
There are several advantages to this:
- The CLI can dynamically be updated with new commands, just install a Python package to get it integrated
- Internal/private commands can easily be used side-by-side with public commands, no need to maintain a fork for your personal commands
- Low entry to making your own commands
The way the cli searches for commands is quite straightforward:
- The first argument is the package the command belongs to
- The second argument is the class to call
- Any unnamed parameters are passed in the same order as on the cli
- Any --parameters gets the dashes stripped and sent as keyword arguments
To make it work this way there’s a pattern to keep to. For each package the __init__.py file will have to provide all the subcommands in the __all__ variable. Each command is a class and it’s the name of those classes that are in the __all__ variable. There is an example gocd-cli.commands.echo which only does the bare minimum to show how all this works.
The subcommands will on the command line be divided by dashes, meaning that RetriggerFailed will become retrigger-failed on the command line.
$ gocd <command> <subcommand> posarg1 --kwarg1 # or how it's referred to in code $ gocd <package> <command class> posarg1 --kwarg1 # or when used $ gocd pipeline retrigger-failed Simple-with-lock --stage=firstStage \ --retrigger=stage
Calling help for a command or subcommand will list all available commands, for more information about each command ask for help on each in turn.
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