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Grok-like configuration for Zope annotations

Project description

This package provides a support to simplify the use of annotations in Zope.

Setting up grokcore.annotation

This package is essentially set up like the grokcore.component package, please refer to its documentation for details. The only additional ZCML line you will need is:

<include package="grokcore.annotation" />

Put this somewhere near the top of your root ZCML file but below the line where you include grokcore.component’s configuration.


Here a simple example of use of an annotation:

import grokcore.annotation
from zope import interface

# Create a model and an interface you want to adapt it to
# and an annotation class to implement the persistent adapter.
class Mammoth(grokcore.annotation.Model):

class ISerialBrand(interface.Interface):
    unique = interface.Attribute("Brands")

class Branding(grokcore.annotation.Annotation):
    unique = 0

# Grok the above code, then create some mammoths
manfred = Mammoth()
mumbles = Mammoth()

# creating Annotations work just like Adapters
livestock1 = ISerialBrand(manfred)
livestock2 = ISerialBrand(mumbles)

# except you can store data in them, this data will transparently persist
# in the database for as long as the object exists
livestock1.unique = 101
livestock2.unique = 102

# attributes not listed in the interface will also be persisted
# on the annotation = "something"

API Overview

Base classes


Base class for an Annotation. Inherits from the persistent.Persistent class.


Base class for a Model on which you want to use an annotation.

queryAnnotation(model, interface)

Query the annotation on the given model for the given interface. Return the annotation if found, None otherwise. This will not make any write operation.

deleteAnnotation(model, interface)

Look for the given annotation and delete it from the model.


Base class for an annotation. It only writes a database object when explicitly setting values on the lazy properties.


Property implementation that works with LazyAnnotation.

In addition, the grokcore.annotation package exposes the grokcore.component API.


4.0 (2023-07-12)

  • Add support for Python 3.10, 3.11.

  • Drop support for Python 2.7, 3.5, 3.6.

  • Drop support for deprecated python test.

3.2 (2021-08-31)

  • grokcore.annotation.testing.warn was removed as it was not used internally. If you still need it, a copy is in grokcore.view.testing.

  • Add _p_changed property to the LazyAnnotation object, proxying it to the actual Storage object. That way the “API” for explicitely marking objects as changed is the same regaredless of a “normal” annotation object or an lazy annotation object.

  • Add support for Python 3.7, 3.8 and 3.9.

  • Drop support for Python 3.4.

3.1 (2020-10-27)

  • Add support for FieldUpdatedEvent in LazyPropertyAnnotation to mirror the behavior of zope.schema.

3.0.1 (2018-01-17)

  • Replace the use of grok.implements() with the @grok.implementer() directive throughout.

3.0.0 (2018-01-12)

  • Rearrange tests such that Travis CI can pick up all functional tests too.

1.6 (2017-05-30)

  • Add LazyAnnotation and LazyAnnotationProperty.

  • Drop support of Python 2.6 and claim support for Python 3.4, 3.5, 3.6 and PyPy.

1.5.1 (2016-01-29)

  • Update tests.

1.5 (2014-10-20)

  • Updating, fixing a brown paper bag release.

1.4 (2014-10-17)

  • Add queryAnnotation() to return an annotation. Return None if it doesn’t exists. This helper will never do any write operation in the database.

  • Add deleteAnnotation() to delete an annotation (if it exists).

1.3 (2012-05-01)

  • Use provideAdapter() from grokcore.component.util.

  • Made package comply to repository policy.

1.2 (2009-12-13)

  • Use zope.container instead of

1.1 (2009-09-18)

  • The annotation object become really a contained object to be aware of its context, and name.

  • Use 1.0b1 versions.cfg in Grok’s release info instead of a local copy; a local copy for all grokcore packages is just too hard to maintain.

1.0.1 (2009-06-30)

  • Reupload to pypi with a correct version of Python which doesn’t have a distutils bug.

1.0 (2009-06-29)

  • Created grokcore.Annotation by factoring annotation components, grokkers and directives out of Grok.

Project details

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