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Pure-Python gRPC implementation for asyncio

Project description

project documentation version tag license

This project is based on hyper-h2 and requires Python >= 3.6.

Example

See examples directory in the project’s repository for all available examples.

Client

import asyncio

from grpclib.client import Channel

# generated by protoc
from .helloworld_pb2 import HelloRequest, HelloReply
from .helloworld_grpc import GreeterStub


async def main():
    async with Channel('127.0.0.1', 50051) as channel:
        greeter = GreeterStub(channel)

        reply = await greeter.SayHello(HelloRequest(name='Dr. Strange'))
        print(reply.message)


if __name__ == '__main__':
    asyncio.run(main())

Server

import asyncio

from grpclib.utils import graceful_exit
from grpclib.server import Server

# generated by protoc
from .helloworld_pb2 import HelloReply
from .helloworld_grpc import GreeterBase


class Greeter(GreeterBase):

    async def SayHello(self, stream):
        request = await stream.recv_message()
        message = f'Hello, {request.name}!'
        await stream.send_message(HelloReply(message=message))


async def main(*, host='127.0.0.1', port=50051):
    server = Server([Greeter()])
    # Note: graceful_exit isn't supported in Windows
    with graceful_exit([server]):
        await server.start(host, port)
        print(f'Serving on {host}:{port}')
        await server.wait_closed()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    asyncio.run(main())

Installation

$ pip3 install grpclib protobuf

Bug fixes and new features are frequently published via release candidates:

$ pip3 install --upgrade --pre grpclib

For the code generation you will also need a protoc compiler, which can be installed with protobuf system package:

$ brew install protobuf  # example for macOS users
$ protoc --version
libprotoc ...

Or you can use protoc compiler from the grpcio-tools Python package:

$ pip3 install grpcio-tools
$ python3 -m grpc_tools.protoc --version
libprotoc ...

Note: grpcio and grpcio-tools packages are not required in runtime, grpcio-tools package will be used only during code generation.

protoc plugin

In order to use this library you will have to generate special stub files using plugin provided, which can be used like this:

$ python3 -m grpc_tools.protoc -I. --python_out=. --grpclib_python_out=. helloworld/helloworld.proto
                                                    ^----- note -----^

This command will generate helloworld_pb2.py and helloworld_grpc.py files.

Plugin which implements --grpclib_python_out option should be available for the protoc compiler as the protoc-gen-grpclib_python executable which should be installed by pip into your $PATH during installation of the grpclib library.

Changed in v0.3.2: --python_grpc_out option was renamed into --grpclib_python_out.

Contributing

  • Please submit an issue before working on a Pull Request
  • Do not merge/squash/rebase your development branch while you work on a Pull Request, use rebase if this is really necessary
  • You may use Tox in order to test and lint your changes, but it is Ok to rely on CI for this matter

Project details


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