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Apply cell formatting to gspread worksheets

Project description


This package provides complete support of basic cell formatting for Google spreadsheets to the popular gspread package, along with a few related features such as setting “frozen” rows and columns in a worksheet.

Basic formatting of a range of cells in a worksheet is offered by the format_cell_range function. All basic formatting components of the v4 Sheets API’s CellFormat are present as classes in the gspread_formatting module, available both by InitialCaps names and camelCase names: for example, the background color class is BackgroundColor but is also available as backgroundColor, while the color class is Color but available also as color. Attributes of formatting components are best specified as keyword arguments using camelCase naming, e.g. backgroundColor=.... Complex formats may be composed easily, by nesting the calls to the classes.

See the CellFormat page of the Sheets API documentation to learn more about each formatting component.:

from gspread_formatting import *

fmt = cellFormat(
    backgroundColor=color(1, 0.9, 0.9),
    textFormat=textFormat(bold=True, foregroundColor=color(1, 0, 1)),

format_cell_range(worksheet, 'A1:J1', fmt)

The format_cell_ranges function allows for formatting multiple ranges with corresponding formats, all in one function call and Sheets API operation:

fmt = cellFormat(
    backgroundColor=color(1, 0.9, 0.9),
    textFormat=textFormat(bold=True, foregroundColor=color(1, 0, 1)),

fmt2 = cellFormat(
    backgroundColor=color(0.9, 0.9, 0.9),

format_cell_ranges(worksheet, [('A1:J1', fmt), ('K1:K200', fmt2)])

CellFormat objects are comparable with == and !=, and are mutable at all times; they can be safely copied with copy.deepcopy. CellFormat objects can be combined into a new CellFormat object using the add method (or + operator). CellFormat objects also offer difference and intersection methods, as well as the corresponding operators - (for difference) and & (for intersection).:

>>> default_format = CellFormat(backgroundColor=color(1,1,1), textFormat=textFormat(bold=True))
>>> user_format = CellFormat(textFormat=textFormat(italic=True))
>>> effective_format = default_format + user_format
>>> effective_format
CellFormat(backgroundColor=color(1,1,1), textFormat=textFormat(bold=True, italic=True))
>>> effective_format - user_format
CellFormat(backgroundColor=color(1,1,1), textFormat=textFormat(bold=True))
>>> effective_format - user_format == default_format

The spreadsheet’s own default format, as a CellFormat object, is available via get_default_format(spreadsheet). get_effective_format(worksheet, label) and get_user_entered_format(worksheet, label) also will return for any provided cell label either a CellFormat object (if any formatting is present) or None.

The following functions get or set “frozen” row or column counts for a worksheet:

set_frozen(worksheet, rows=1)
set_frozen(worksheet, cols=1)
set_frozen(worksheet, rows=1, cols=0)



  • Python 2.6+ or Python 3+
  • gspread >= 3.0.0

From PyPI

pip install gspread-formatting

From GitHub

git clone
cd gspread-formatting
python install

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