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Haproxy log analyzer that tries to gives an insight of what's going on

Project description

HAProxy log analyzer

This Python package is a HAProxy log parser. It analyzes HAProxy log files in multiple ways (see commands section below).

Note

Currently only the HTTP log format is supported.

Tests and coverage

No project is trustworthy if does not have tests and a decent coverage!

Tests Coverage Downloads Latest Version Egg Status License

Documentation

See the documentation and API at ReadTheDocs.

Command-line interface

The current --help looks like this:

usage: haproxy_log_analysis [-h] [-l LOG] [-s START] [-d DELTA] [-c COMMAND]
                            [-f FILTER] [-n] [--list-commands]
                            [--list-filters] [--json]

Analyze HAProxy log files and outputs statistics about it

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -l LOG, --log LOG     HAProxy log file to analyze
  -s START, --start START
                        Process log entries starting at this time, in HAProxy
                        date format (e.g. 11/Dec/2013 or
                        11/Dec/2013:19:31:41). At least provide the
                        day/month/year. Values not specified will use their
                        base value (e.g. 00 for hour). Use in conjunction with
                        -d to limit the number of entries to process.
  -d DELTA, --delta DELTA
                        Limit the number of entries to process. Express the
                        time delta as a number and a time unit, e.g.: 1s, 10m,
                        3h or 4d (for 1 second, 10 minutes, 3 hours or 4
                        days). Use in conjunction with -s to only analyze
                        certain time delta. If no start time is given, the
                        time on the first line will be used instead.
  -c COMMAND, --command COMMAND
                        List of commands, comma separated, to run on the log
                        file. See --list-commands to get a full list of them.
  -f FILTER, --filter FILTER
                        List of filters to apply on the log file. Passed as
                        comma separated and parameters within square brackets,
                        e.g ip[192.168.1.1],ssl,path[/some/path]. See --list-
                        filters to get a full list of them.
  -n, --negate-filter   Make filters passed with -f work the other way around,
                        i.e. if the ``ssl`` filter is passed instead of
                        showing only ssl requests it will show non-ssl
                        traffic. If the ``ip`` filter is used, then all but
                        that ip passed to the filter will be used.
  --list-commands       Lists all commands available.
  --list-filters        Lists all filters available.
  --json                Output results in json.
  --invalid             Print the lines that could not be parsed. Be aware
                        that mixing it with the print command will mix their
                        output.

Commands

Commands are small purpose specific programs in themselves that report specific statistics about the log file being analyzed. See them all with --list-commands or online at https://haproxy-log-analyzer.readthedocs.io/modules.html#module-haproxy.commands.

  • average_response_time
  • average_waiting_time
  • connection_type
  • counter
  • http_methods
  • ip_counter
  • print
  • queue_peaks
  • request_path_counter
  • requests_per_hour
  • requests_per_minute
  • server_load
  • slow_requests
  • slow_requests_counter
  • status_codes_counter
  • top_ips
  • top_request_paths

Filters

Filters, contrary to commands, are a way to reduce the amount of log lines to be processed.

Note

The -n command line argument allows to reverse filters output.

This helps when looking for specific traces, like a certain IP, a path…

See them all with --list-filters or online at https://haproxy-log-analyzer.readthedocs.io/modules.html#module-haproxy.filters.

  • backend
  • frontend
  • http_method
  • ip
  • ip_range
  • path
  • response_size
  • server
  • slow_requests
  • ssl
  • status_code
  • status_code_family
  • wait_on_queues

Installation

After installation you will have a console script haproxy_log_analysis:

$ pip install haproxy_log_analysis

TODO

  • add more commands: (help appreciated)
    • reports on servers connection time
    • reports on termination state
    • reports around connections (active, frontend, backend, server)
    • your ideas here
  • think of a way to show the commands output in a meaningful way
  • be able to specify an output format. For any command that makes sense (slow requests for example) output the given fields for each log line (i.e. acceptance date, path, downstream server, load at that time…)
  • your ideas

CHANGES

4.1.0 (2020-01-06)

  • New command: requests_per_hour. Just like the requests_per_minute but with hour granularity. Idea and first implementation done by valleedelisle. [gforcada]
  • Fix parsing truncated requests. Idea and first implementation by vixns. [gforcada]

4.0.0 (2020-01-06)

BREAKING CHANGES:

  • Complete rewrite to use almost no memory usage even on huge files. [gforcada]
  • Add parallelization to make parsing faster by parsing multiple lines in parallel. [gforcada]
  • Rename command counter_slow_requests to slow_requests_counter, so it is aligned with all other _counter commands. [gforcada]
  • Changed the counter_invalid command to a new command line switch --invalid. [gforcada]

Regular changes:

  • Drop Python 2 support, and test on Python 3.8. [gforcada]
  • Remove the pickling support. [gforcada]
  • Add –json output command line option. [valleedelisle]

3.0.0 (2019-06-10)

  • Fix spelling. [EdwardBetts]
  • Make ip_counter use client_ip per default. [vixns]
  • Overhaul testing environment. Test on python 3.7 as well. Use black to format. [gforcada]

2.1 (2017-07-06)

  • Enforce QA checks (flake8) on code. All code has been updated to follow it. [gforcada]
  • Support Python 3.6. [gforcada]
  • Support different syslog timestamps (at least NixOS). [gforcada]

2.0.2 (2016-11-17)

  • Improve performance for cmd_print. [kevinjqiu]

2.0.1 (2016-10-29)

  • Allow hostnames to have a dot in it. [gforcada]

2.0 (2016-07-06)

  • Handle unparseable HTTP requests. [gforcada]
  • Only test on python 2.7 and 3.5 [gforcada]

2.0b0 (2016-04-18)

  • Check the divisor before doing a division to not get ZeroDivisionError exceptions. [gforcada]

2.0a0 (2016-03-29)

  • Major refactoring:

    # Rename modules and classes:

    • haproxy_logline -> line
    • haproxy_logfile -> logfile
    • HaproxyLogLine -> Line
    • HaproxyLogFile -> Log

    # Parse the log file on Log() creation (i.e. in its __init__)

    [gforcada]

1.3 (2016-03-29)

  • New filter: filter_wait_on_queues. Get all requests that waited at maximum X amount of milliseconds on HAProxy queues. [gforcada]
  • Code/docs cleanups and add code analysis. [gforcada]
  • Avoid using eval. [gforcada]

1.2.1 (2016-02-23)

  • Support -1 as a status_code [Christopher Baines]

1.2 (2015-12-07)

  • Allow a hostname on the syslog part (not only IPs) [danny crasto]

1.1 (2015-04-19)

1.0 (2015-03-24)

  • Fix issue #9. log line on the syslog part was too strict, it was expecting the hostname to be a string and was failing if it was an IP. [gforcada]

0.0.3.post2 (2015-01-05)

  • Finally really fixed issue #7. namespace_packages was not meant to be on setup.py at all. Silly copy&paste mistake. [gforcada]

0.0.3.post (2015-01-04)

0.0.3 (2014-07-09)

  • Fix release on PyPI (again). [gforcada]

0.0.2 (2014-07-09)

  • Fix release on PyPI. [gforcada]

0.0.1 (2014-07-09)

  • Pickle :class::.HaproxyLogFile data for faster performance. [gforcada]
  • Add a way to negate the filters, so that instead of being able to filter by IP, it can output all but that IP information. [gforcada]
  • Add lots of filters: ip, path, ssl, backend, frontend, server, status_code and so on. See --list-filters for a complete list of them. [gforcada]
  • Add :method::.HaproxyLogFile.parse_data method to get data from data stream. It allows you use it as a library. [bogdangi]
  • Add --list-filters argument on the command line interface. [gforcada]
  • Add --filter argument on the command line interface, inspired by Bogdan’s early design. [bogdangi] [gforcada]
  • Create a new module :module::haproxy.filters that holds all available filters. [gforcada]
  • Improve :method::.HaproxyLogFile.cmd_queue_peaks output to not only show peaks but also when requests started to queue and when they finsihed and the amount of requests that had been queued. [gforcada]
  • Show help when no argument is given. [gforcada]
  • Polish documentation and docstrings here and there. [gforcada]
  • Add a --list-commands argument on the command line interface. [gforcada]
  • Generate an API doc for HaproxyLogLine and HaproxyLogFile. [bogdangi]
  • Create a console_script haproxy_log_analysis for ease of use. [bogdangi]
  • Add Sphinx documentation system, still empty. [gforcada]
  • Keep valid log lines sorted so that the exact order of connections is kept. [gforcada]
  • Add quite a few commands, see README.rst for a complete list of them. [gforcada]
  • Run commands passed as arguments (with -c flag). [gforcada]
  • Add a requirements.txt file to keep track of dependencies and pin them. [gforcada]
  • Add travis and coveralls support. See its badges on README.rst. [gforcada]
  • Add argument parsing and custom validation logic for all arguments. [gforcada]
  • Add regular expressions for haproxy log lines (HTTP format) and to parse HTTP requests path. Added tests to ensure they work as expected. [gforcada]
  • Create distribution. [gforcada]

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